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  1. The Fatimid Caliphate (Arabic: ٱلْخِلَاْفَة ٱلْفَاطِمِيَّة ‎, romanized: al-Khilāfa al-Fāṭimīya) was an Ismaili Shia caliphate of the 10th to the 12th centuries CE. Spanning a large area of North Africa, it ranged from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west.

    • Rise of The Fatimids
    • Decay and Fall
    • Fatimid Caliphs
    • Other Websites

    The Fatimids came from Ifriqiya, modern-day Tunisia and eastern Algeria. The dynasty was founded in 909 by ˤAbdullāh al-Mahdī Billah, who legitimised his claim through descent from Muhammad by way of his daughter Fātima as-Zahra and her husband ˤAlī ibn-Abī-Tālib, the first Shīˤa Imām, hence the name al-Fātimiyyūn"Fatimid". Abdullāh al-Mahdi's control soon extended over all of central Maghreb, an area consisting of the modern countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya, which he ruled from Mahdia, his newly-built capital in Tunisia.

    In the 1040s, the Zirids (governors of North Africa under the Fatimids) declared their independence from the Fatimids and their conversion to Sunni Islam, which led to the devastating Banū Hilal invasions. After about 1070, the Fatimid hold on the Levant coast and parts of Syria was challenged first by Turkic (Seljuk) invasions, then the Crusades, so that Fatimid territory shrank until it consisted only of Egypt. After the decay of the Fatimid political system in the 1160s, the Zengid ruler Nūr ad-Dīn had his general, Shirkuh, seize Egypt from the vizier Shawar in 1169. Shirkuh died two months after taking power, and the rule went to his nephew, Saladin. This began the Kurdish Ayyubid Dynasty.

    Fatimids entry in the Encyclopaedia of the Orient. Archived 2010-11-01 at the Wayback Machine
    Institute of Ismaili Studies London. Archived 2007-04-26 at the Wayback Machine
  2. The Fatimid Caliphate (Arabic: ٱلْخِلَاْفَة ٱلْفَاطِمِيَّة ‎, romanized: al-Khilāfa al-Fāṭimīya) was an Ismaili Shia caliphate of the 10th to the 12th centuries CE. Spanning a large area of North Africa, it ranged from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west.

  3. Category:Fatimid Caliphate. The main article for this category is Fatimid Caliphate. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fatimid Caliphate. The Fatimid Caliphate ruled areas of North Africa, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean Sea from 909 to 1171. It was established in 909 in Ifriqiya, but moved its seat to Egypt in 973, where it ...

  4. al-Mahdi bi'llah. المهدي. 27 August 909 –. 4 March 934. 873. Salamiyah, Syria. 4 March 934. His claim to be the Mahdi caused the Qarmatian schism in 899. Fled Salamiya in 903, and settled at Sijilmasa in 905 while Abu Abdallah al-Shi'i overthrew the Aghlabids and established the Fatimid Caliphate in his name in 909.

    #
    Kunya
    Given Name
    Regnal Name
    1
    Abu Muhammad أبو محمد
    Abde Allah عبد الله
    al-Mahdi bi'llah المهدي
    2
    Abu'l-Qasim ابو القاسم
    Muhammad محمد
    al-Qa'im bi-Amr Allah القائم بأمر ...
    3
    Abu Tahir أبو طاهر
    Isma'il اسماعیل
    al-Mansur bi-Nasr Allah المنصور بنصر ...
    4
    Abu Tamim أبو تميم
    Ma'ad معد
    al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah المعز لدين ...