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  1. This article covers the history of the United States from 1789 through 1849, the period of westward expansion. George Washington , elected the first president in 1789, worked with the heads of the departments of State, Treasury, and War, along with an Attorney General (the Justice Department wasn't created until 1870), the group of which later became known as his cabinet .

    • Federalist Era
    • Jeffersonian Period
    • Era of Good Feelings
    • Two Party System
    • Era of Jacksonian Democracy
    • Social Reforms
    • Antebellum Slavery
    • U.S. Presidents
    • Other Websites

    This is the period from 1789 to about 1801 when the Federalist Party controlled the American government.[a] In 1789, Washington was elected the first President of the United States. The Constitution only gave a vague outline of what a president should be. Washington defined the position of President and left office after two terms. During Washington's term, there was a Whiskey Rebellion, where country farmers tried to stop the government from collecting taxes on whiskey. In 1795, Congress passed the Jay Treaty, which allowed for increased trade with Britain in exchange for the British giving up their forts on the Great Lakes. However, Great Britain was still interfering with the U.S., such as impressment (making American sailors join the British Royal Navy). John Adams defeated Thomas Jefferson in the election of 1796 to become the second President of the United States. This was the first American election that was between two political parties. Under Adams, the United States Navy w...

    This is the period from 1800 through 1815 which includes the administrations of two Democratic-Republican Party presidents, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. They are commonly called Jeffersonian Republicans. During this time the country nearly doubled in size with the Louisiana Purchase from France. This, in turn, was one of the causes behind the War of 1812, when Great Britain attempted to re-claim her former American colonies.

    In 1816, the Federalist Party candidate Rufus King ran against the Democratic-Republican candidate James Monroe. Monroe received 183 electoral votes to King's 34. That was the last time the Federalist Party ran a candidate. The Congressional election of 1818 gave the Democratic-Republicans a majority of 85%. Monroe served for two terms from 1817 to 1825. Due to the dominance of one political party this is often called the "Era of Good Feelings". But the party was deeply divided by this time. Many of the Federalist policies of Alexander Hamilton were adopted during this time and Monroe continued many of the economic policies of Madison. Three in particular were a national bank, protective tariffs and federal funding of the infrastructure.

    The one-party Era of Good Feelings system of cooperation between politicians lasted only about a decade. It was replaced by a new two-party system,[b] which continues to today. Political parties took on the job of building coalitions between many different groups with different interests. This new system broke away from the patronage system based on personal loyalties. The Founding Fathers of the United Stateshad never imagined a system based on political parties but by the 1830s they had become the main system of American politics. The presidential election of 1824 had no Federalist party candidate. There were five candidates with Andrew Jackson winning the electoral college with 99 votes. Second to Jackson was John Quincy Adams with 84 votes and third was William H. Crawford who received 41 votes. Because nobody received a clear majority of electoral votes, following the Twelfth Amendment, the decision would be made by the House of Representatives. The Speaker of the House was Hen...

    Andrew Jackson was elected president in 1828. He got nearly 70% of the electoral votes and over 60% participation in his election. This was largely due to Jackson's popularity as "Old Hickory", the hero of the Battle of New Orleans. His military career had included service in the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812 and the Seminole Wars. Jackson also benefited from the perceived corrupt bargainbetween Adams and Clay to expand his political base. During his presidency, Jackson founded the party that began calling itself the "American Democracy". Changes in the electoral rules and political campaigns also contributed towards the feeling the country was becoming more democratic than it had been up to this point. For both reasons this era was called Jacksonian democracy. The period itself was from 1828 into the 1840s but its influence lasted much longer. It was a period of democratic reforms in voting and changes to the structure of the federal government. Some historians see it as a con...

    A number of reform movements began during this period after 1815. The improved economy after the War of 1812 provided a new class of people who had the time and financial resources to become involved in social movements. New technologies in printing increased the number of publications including those about subjects such as abolition. Better transportation meant lecturers could move from place to place more easily. A temperance movement began about 1819. A religious movement, sometimes called the Second Great Awakening, swept through the country during this time. Common themes ran through most of these reform movements. One of the most important was the belief that people had the ability to choose between right and wrong. For example, slavery was wrong. The term "slave" was used to show anything that was held to be wrong in society. Drunkards were "slaves" to alcohol, workers were "slaves" to the factory owners, and women were "slaves" to men. It was also common for those who believ...

    Slavery was mainly concentrated in the South by 1830. Slaves were used on small farms and large plantations. They were also used in towns as domestic workers and labor for various industries. Slaves were considered to be property because they were black. They were kept as slaves by the constant threat of violence. They were not allowed to forget they were slaves even though they lived with their masters. Many slaveowners genuinely cared about their slaves, but never saw them as their equal. But the largest percentage of Southerners did not own slaves. Most Southerners worked their own farms yet, curiously, they defended slavery as an institution. Many resented the wealth and power of the large plantation owners but at the same time held out the hope that someday they could join those ranks.Also, while poor Southerners were looked down on by rich plantation owners, they could themselves look down on blacks as an inferior group. Cotton had become the largest cash crop. But plantations...

    1. George Washington (1789–1797)
    2. John Adams (1797–1801)
    3. Thomas Jefferson (1801–1809)
    4. James Madison (1809–1817)
  2. This article covers the history of the United States from 1789 through 1849, the period of westward expansion. George Washington , elected the first president in 1789, worked with the heads of the departments of State, Treasury, and War, along with an Attorney General (the Justice Department wasn't created until 1870), the group of which later became known as his cabinet .

    • Added The Burning of Washington
    • Missing The Missouri Compromise
    • Adding Reform
    • I.. I Love You Guys
    • NPOV Dispute - Kind of Biased Towards The Democratic-Republicans?
    • Quick Removal of Possible Junk text.
    • Morgan Affair
    • External Links Modified

    I dont wanna rain on your parade, but i've kinda realized that American contemporary sources of knowledge on the war of 1812 is kind of described in a hushed/tucked away manner, but the article before my edit described the war first as a draw and left the only description of the war as "Andrew Jackson's smashing defeat of the British invasion army at the Battle of New Orleans." To better convey the writer's initial description that it was a draw, I also added a link for the page of the British invasion of Washington D.C., to better purvey the fact that the war was somewhat a draw. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 21:42, 23 June 2011 (UTC)

    It seems to me that any history of this period must mention the Missouri Compromise of 1820 - this accommodation in Congress had a profound impact on subsequent events throughout this period and leading up to the Civil War. Tony (talk) 20:07, 9 August 2009 (UTC)

    I added a section on The Age of Reform because so many of these concepts were left out of the United States History series. It should address some of the concerns mentioed below about the lack of cultural history.Bhentze (talk) 18:29, 4 October 2008 (UTC) ==Those who are working on this page may want to make use of the following. It was in a separate article that is being deleted as the result of a Vfd discussion. -- Jmabel23:22, Jul 26, 2004 (UTC) 1. "When the United States Congress was established, factionism and organized political parties were explicitly repudiated by James Madison, among others. Party designations of pro-Administration and anti-Administration, eventually organized into the Federalists and Republicans, respectively. 1. "The divisions in sentiment grew out of the debates which accompanied the drafting and ratification of the United States Constitution. The most concrete divisions centered on the adoption of a bill of rights and disagreement over the dominant infl...

    This is perfect for APUSH class - it stays very faithful to the "Out of History" textbook we use (yet doesn't copy, don't worry guys), so now I don't have to spend hours to reread old chapters to remember what was happening in that timespan. Thank you guys. So much.--Karch05:28, 8 January 2006 (UTC) 1. Agreed. NEgative, this is not true,k aas this page is forgetting lsavery from 1820-40

    "Jefferson's mere presence in the White House encouraged democratic procedures. He taught his subordinates to regard themselves merely as trustees of the people. More importantly, as a wave of Jeffersonian fervor swept the nation, state after state abolished property qualifications for the ballot and passed more humane laws for debtors and criminals." Jefferson himself didn't view his presidency as his finest moment. One prime example was the Louisiana Purchase. Jefferson, being a Democratic-Republican, believed in a strict interpretation of the constitution. Unfortunately, the consitution didn't have any provisions for the purchase of property. Jefferson, compromising his ideals, decided to purchase the land any way. Throughout the actual purchase proccess, Jefferson violated the constitution. There was serious question as to the owner of the Louisiana terrority (either France of Spain, with Jefferson dealing with France). The actual papers proving France's ownership of the territo...

    I believe the sentence "These were the first popular parties in world history" really needs more clarification, to be considered anything more than possible subjective junk text. Does anyone disagree ? — Preceding unsigned comment added by Acahilla63 (talk • contribs) 01:02, 6 October 2011 (UTC) 1. 1.1. well to start with it's true. So phrases like "subjective junk text" are not helpful. The cites can be to Ostrogorski, Lipset (First New Nation) and Chambers (Political Parties). William N Chambers calls it "probably the first modern party system in the world" (The First Party System 1972 p v) Rjensen (talk) 01:34, 6 October 2011 (UTC)

    The current edition has the statement "Examples of single issue parties included the Anti-Masons, who emerged as a group set to outlaw Freemasonry in the United States after a man who threatened to expose the Masons' secrets was kidnapped and murdered." I have been told by an editor that this is accurate by the reliable sources, there is in fact conflicting evidence as to wither Morgan was murdered, or even if the Masons did it (Morgan was a bit of a con man who had several groups of enemies). I have asked that the second part of the sentence referencing Morgan should be striken, since the Morgan affair is covered in greater detail in the anti-mason article which is wikilinked.Coffeepusher (talk) 03:51, 30 December 2011 (UTC) 1. 1.1. I'll rephrase it. Rjensen (talk) 14:26, 30 December 2011 (UTC)

    Hello fellow Wikipedians, I have just modified one external link on History of the United States (1789–1849). Please take a moment to review my edit. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple FaQfor additional information. I made the following changes: 1. Added archive to When you have finished reviewing my changes, you may follow the instructions on the template below to fix any issues with the URLs. As of February 2018, "External links modified" talk page sections are no longer generated or monitored by InternetArchiveBot. No special action is required regarding these talk page notices, other than regular verification using the archive tool instructions below. Editors have permission to delete these "External links modified" talk page sections if they want to de-clutter talk pages...

  3. This article is part of a series on the History of the United States Timeline and periods Prehistoric and Pre-colonial until 1607 Colonial period 1607–1765 1776–1789 American Revolution 1765–1783 Confederation Period 1783–1788 1789–1849 Federalist Era 1788–1801 Jeffersonian Era 1801–1817 Era of Good Feelings 1817–1825 Jacksonian Era 1825–1849 1849–1865 Civil War Era 1850 ...

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