Lutheranism and Calvinism. Martin Luther emphasized the merit of Christ by considering justification as entirely the work of God. When God's righteousness is mentioned in the gospel, it is God's action of declaring righteous the unrighteous sinner who has faith in Jesus Christ.
Lutheranism. The use and regulation of candle use in Lutheran churches vary. Arthur Carl Piepkorn, in a liturgical directory entitled “The Conduct of the Service,” stated that the normal Lutheran practice was to use two candles on the altar: It is proper to light the altar candles for all services.