1815 ( MDCCCXV) fue un año común comenzado en domingo según el calendario gregoriano. Este año fue uno especialmente trascendental en la historia de Europa.
1815 ( MDCCCXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1815th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 815th year of the 2nd millennium, the 15th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1810s decade.
Marzo. 7 de marzo: En Ario de Rosales, Michoacán, se instaura el "Supremo Tribunal de Justicia de la Nación" en el marco de la instalación de los 3 poderes del México independiente.
Napoleon loses the Battle of Waterloo and is sent to Saint Helena.January 10 – John A. Macdonald, first Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1891)February 15 – Constantin von Tischendorf, German Biblical scholar (d. 1874)April 1 – Otto von Bismarck, German statesman (d. 1898)April 1 – Edward Clark, Governor of Texas (d. 1880)January 8 – Edward Pakenham, British general (killed in battle) (born 1778)January 16 – Emma, Lady Hamilton, English mistress of Horatio Nelson (born 1765)February 24 – Robert Fulton, American inventor (born 1765)February 26 – Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (born 1737)
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1. President: James Madison (DR-Virginia) 2. Vice President: vacant 3. Chief Justice: John Marshall (Virginia) 4. Speaker of the House of Representatives: Langdon Cheves (DR-South Carolina) (until March 4), Henry Clay (DR-Kentucky) (starting December 4) 5. Congress: 13th (until March 4), 14th(starting March 4)January 8 – War of 1812 – Battle of New Orleans: American forces under General Andrew Jackson defeat an invading Britishforce.February – The Hartford Convention arrives in Washington, DC.February 6 – New Jersey grants the first American railroad charter to a John Stevens.February 7–12 – War of 1812 – Second Battle of Fort Bowyer: British forces capture Fort Bowyer near Mobile, Alabama in what will be the last land battle between the Americans and British in the War...January 10 John J. McRae, U.S. Senator from Mississippi from 1851 to 1852 (died 1868)January 16January 18January 21 – Horace Wells, dentist; anesthesia pioneer (died 1848)February 24 – Robert Fulton, inventor (born 1765)April 21 – Joseph Winston, patriot and Congressman from North Carolina (born 1746)May 8 – David Ramsay, Member of the United States Continental Congress from South Carolina (born 1749)September 9 – John Singleton Copley, painter (born 1738; died in London)Estimates of the Value of Slaves, 1815. The American Historical Review, Vol. 19, No. 4 (July, 1914), pp. 813–838The Embassy to Washington, 1815. Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Third Series, Vol. 48, (October, 1914 – June, 1915),Charles W. Elliott. Some Unpublished Letters of a Roving Soldier-Diplomat: General Winfield Scott's Reports to Secretary of State James Monroe, on conditions in France and England in 1815–1816. The...William Bell Wait. Richardson's 'O. K.' of 1815. American Speech, Vol. 16, No. 2 (April, 1941), pp. 85–86+136
El Tratado de París de 1815 se firmó el 20 de noviembre de 1815, tras la derrota de Napoleón en la batalla de Waterloo y su posterior exilio a la Isla Santa Elena . Francia vio reducida sus fronteras a las conquistas realizadas antes de 1790 y perdió el terreno ganado por los ejércitos revolucionarios entre 1790 y 1792 .