Burdukhan of Alania. Burdukhan ( Georgian: ბურდუხანი ), also known as Bordokhan (ბორდოხანი), (died before 1184) was an Alan princess and queen consort of Georgia as the wife of George III, king of Georgia ( r. 1156–1184). She was mother of Queen Tamar, who would preside over the apogee of the medieval Georgian monarchy.
Burudukhan de Alania Burudukhan (en georgiano: ბურდუხანი) fue la esposa del rey Jorge III de Georgia. Era hija del rey Khuddan de Alania. El matrimonio entre Jorge y Burudukhan (1150), tenía el objetivo de fortalecer las relaciones de Georgia con sus poderosos vecinos del norte. Burudukhan falleció a inicios de 1180.
- Known rulers
Alania was a medieval kingdom of the Iranian Alans that flourished in the Northern Caucasus, roughly in the location of latter-day Circassia, Chechnya, Ingushetia, and modern North Ossetia–Alania, from its independence from the Khazars in the late 9th century until its destruction by the Mongol invasion in 1238–39. Its capital was Maghas, and it co...
The name Alania derives from the Old Iranian stem *Aryāna-, a derivative form of the Indo-Iranian stem *arya-. It is cognate with the name of Iran, which stems from the Old Persian *Aryānām.
The Alans originated as an Iranian-speaking subdivision of the Sarmatians. They were split by the invasion of the Huns into two parts, the European and the Caucasian. The Caucasian Alans occupied part of the North Caucasian plain and the foothills of the main mountain chain from the headwaters of the Kuban River in the west to the Darial Gorge in t...
The nomenclature used by the rulers of Alania is unknown. Where they are mentioned by historical records, they are variously called "lord", "prince", "king", "tsar", and by the Byzantines, exousiokrator. Notably, the Byzantines never referred to other foreign rulers by this title, using arkhon or exousiastes instead.
In the last years of the Soviet Union, as nationalist movements swept throughout the Caucasus, many intellectuals in the North Ossetian ASSR called for the revival of the name "Alania". A leading Ossetian philologist T. A. Guriev was the main advocate of this idea, insisting that the Ossetians should accept the name of the Alans as their self-desig...
Burdukhan (Georgian: ბურდუხანი), also known as Bordokhan (ბორდოხანი), (died before 1184) was an Alan princess and queen consort of Georgia as the wife of George III, king of Georgia (r. 1156–1184). She was mother of Queen Tamar, who would preside over the apogee of the medieval Georgian monarchy.
Burdukhan was a daughter of Khuddan, whom the Georgian chronicles call "king of the Osi", a Georgian designation of the Alan tribe in the North Caucasus. She married George, then a crown-prince of Georgia, in the lifetime of his father, King Demetrius I, in the 1150s. She gave birth to Tamar, subsequently queen regnant of Georgia.