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  1. La Comunidad Valenciana (en valenciano y oficialmente, Comunitat Valenciana) es una comunidad autónoma española situada en el este de la península ibérica. Se constituyó formalmente en el año 1982, al aprobarse su Estatuto de Autonomía , y desde el año 2006 es considerada nacionalidad histórica , [ 4 ] al amparo de lo dispuesto en el artículo segundo de la Constitución .

  2. La Comunidad Valenciana (o Comunitat Valenciana en valenciano) es una comunidad autónoma de España. Bañada por el mar Mediterráneo , está situada en el este de la península ibérica . Está compuesta por las provincias de Alicante , Castellón , y Valencia , que a su vez se subdividen en comarcas .

  3. El territorio de la Comunidad Valenciana coincide en su mayor parte con el del histórico Reino de Valencia, el cual a lo largo de la historia ha recibido diversas denominaciones: así, a finales del siglo XIX se conocía como Región Valenciana y a partir de la década de 1960 se ha venido empleando la forma no oficial de País Valenciano. También se usa por abreviar, Valencia, aunque este último puede llevar a confusión con la ciudad de Valencia o con la provincia de Valencia ...

    • Etymology
    • History
    • Geography
    • Demographics
    • Government
    • Economy
    • Language
    • Transports
    • Public Services
    • Culture

    Valencia was founded by the Romans under the name of Valentia Edetanorum, or simply Valentia, which translates to "strength" or "valour", in full "strength of the Edetani" (note that the centre of Edetania was Edeta, an important old Iberian settlement 25 km north of Valencia, in what is now modern day Llíria, other important nearby settlements inc...

    The pre-Roman autochthonous people of the Valencian Community were the Iberians, who were divided in several groups (the Contestani, the Edetani, the Ilercavones and the Bastetani). The Greeks established colonies in the coastal towns of Saguntum and Dianium beginning in the 5th century BC, where they traded and mixed with the local Iberian populat...

    Relief

    The inland part of the territory is craggy, with some of the highest peaks in the Valencia and Castellón provinces forming part of the Iberian Mountain Range. The mountains in the Province of Alicante are in turn a part of the Subbaetic Range. The most emblematic mountain of the Valencian Community is the Penyagolosa, in the Alcalatén area. It is widely thought to be the highest peak with 1,813 m, but actually the highest peak is the Calderón (1,839 m) located in the Rincón de Ademuz, a Valen...

    Climate

    Valencia has a generally pleasant climate, with mild winters and hot summers, heavily influenced by the neighbouring Mediterranean sea. Still, there are important differences between areas: 1. Typical Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa). It roughly goes along the coastal plain from the northernmost border through the Benidorm area (cities included here are, amongst others, Castellón de la Plana (Castelló de la Plana), Gandia and Valencia). It covers in various grades the lower inland areas. In...

    Hydrography

    There are only two major rivers: the Segura in the Province of Alicante, whose source is in Andalusia, and the Júcar (Xúquer) in Province of Valencia, whose source is in Castilla–La Mancha. Both are subjected to very intense human regulation for cities, industries and, especially, agricultural consumption. The river Turia (Túria) is the third largest and has its source in Aragon. Most rivers in the area, such as the Vinalopó, are usually short, have little current (due to agricultural usage,...

    Urbanization

    The estimate population according to the INE in January 2020 is 5,057,353ranking the fourth most populous in Spain. The list of largest cities is topped by Valencia, the third largest city in Spain overall: Valencian population traditionally concentrated in localities with fertile cultivation and growing lowlands by the most important rivers (Júcar, Turia, Segura, Vinalopó), also in harbour cities important to the agricultural trade. In actuality, population is particularly dense along the co...

    Institutions of government: La Generalitat

    In the process whereby democracy was restored in Spain between 1975 and 1978, the nationalist and regionalist parties pressed to grant home rule to certain territories in Spain. The constitution of 1978 opened a legal way for autonomous communities to be formed from provinces with common historical and cultural links. In recognition of the Valencian Community as a nationality of Spain, and in accordance to the second article of the Spanish Constitution which grants autonomy to the "nationalit...

    Administrative divisions

    Prior to the 1833 territorial division of Spain Valencia was divided into four administrative provinces of Spain: Alicante, Castellón, Valencia and Xàtiva. From 1833, the current three-province system was consolidated: 1. Alicante, capital: Alicante 2. Castellón, capital: Castellón de la Plana 3. Valencia; capital: Valencia The Valencian Community is further divided into 34 comarques (including the city of Valencia) and 542 municipalities(141 in the Province of Alicante, 135 in the Province o...

    Valencia is long and narrow, running mainly north–south; historically, its rather steep and irregular terrain has made communications and the exploitation of the soil difficult, although the soil of the coastal plain is particularly fertile. This coastal axis has facilitated connections with Europe, either by sea through the Mediterranean, or by la...

    Spanish (español or castellano) has official status in all of Spain, including the Valencian Community. Aside from it, the Statute of Autonomy recognizes Valencian (valencià) as the language native (llengua pròpia) to the Valencian people,[citation needed] and commends its protection and regulation to the Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua (AVL) und...

    Air

    The Valencian Community is served by three international airports: Alicante Airport, Valencia Airport and Castellón–Costa Azahar Airport. Alicante Airport, located in the south, is mainly tourist-oriented and is currently the busiest airport in the Valencian Community. Valencia Airport is located in the capital and carries more business traffic. The third airport, Castellón–Costa Azahar Airport, is located in the north of the Valencian territory and has several international connections. This...

    Train

    The Valencian Community has an extensive rail system which connects the principal cities with the rest of Spain such as the Euromed towards Catalonia and AVE towards Madrid, or northern and southern Spain, both run by the Spanish national rail company RENFE. In December 2010 the high-speed rail (AVE) Madrid–Valencia opened as part of the Madrid–Levante high-speed rail line. High-speed lines arrive to Valencia-Joaquín Sorolla, a provisional station located south of the city centre. It is expec...

    Ports

    By sea, the Valencian Community is served by several ferry routes and cargo ports, and in the major cities, Valencia and Alicante, cruise ships dock on a regular basis. In point 20 of article 149 of the Spanish Constitution, referring to the exclusive powers of the State, direct reference is made to the ownership of the ports of general interest, which in the Valencian case are those of Alicante, Castellón, Valencia, Sagunt and Gandia. For this reason, all these ports are managed by the publi...

    Education

    State Education in Spain and the Valencian Community is free and compulsory from six to sixteen years of age. The current education system is called LOE (in reference to the Llei Orgànica d'Educació). 1. From three to six years: Preparatory School (Infantil, popularly known as Preescolar) 2. From six to twelve years: Primary School (Primaria) 3. From twelve to sixteen years: Compulsory Secondary School (Secundaria) 4. From sixteen to eighteen years: Post-Secondary School (Bachillerato) Childr...

    Media

    Until its dissolution in November 2013, the public-service Ràdio Televisió Valenciana (RTVV) was the main broadcaster of radio and television in the Valencian Community. The Generalitat Valenciana constituted it in 1984 in order to guarantee the freedom of information of the Valencian people in their own language. Prior to its dissolution, the administration of RTVV under the People's Party (PP) had been controversial due to accusations of ideological manipulation and lack of plurality. The n...

    Gastronomy

    The Valencian gastronomy is of great variety, although their more international dishes are rice-based (arròs in Valencian), like the Valencian paella known worldwide. Rice is a basic ingredient in many of the typical dishes, like the arròs a banda, arròs al forn, arròs amb costra, arròs caldós, arròs del senyoret, arròs negre, among many. Pasta dishes include the fideuà. Its main ingredients are pasta noodles, fish and shellfish. The Valencian Mediterranean climate favors the cultivation of v...

    Valencian symbols

    The official Valencian anthem is the Hymn of the Regional Exhibition of 1909 (Himne de l'Exposició Regional de 1909 in Valencian; commonly known as the Himne de València, "Anthem of Valencia"), in whose composition the old hymn of the City of Valencia of the 16th century is included. The emblem of the Valencian Generalitat (coat of arms) includes the heraldry of King Peter IV of Aragon, representative of the historical Kingdom of Valencia, whose shield is inclined towards the right, or, four...

    Celebrations

    1. Falles of Valencia– from the 15th to the 19th of March 2. Fogueres de Sant Joan of Alicante– from the 19th to the 24th of June 3. Misteri of Elche– 14th and 15 August 4. Muixeranga: Algemesí– 7th and 8 September 5. Moros i Cristians: Alcoy– from the 22 to 24 April 6. Tomatina of Buñol– last Wednesday in August 7. Magdalena of Castellón– 3rd Saturday of Lent

    • Historia
    • División Alministrativa
    • Llingua
    • Fiestes
    • Xeografía
    • Enllaces Esternos

    Edá antigua

    De la prehistoria constátase la primera presencia humana nes tierres valencianes al rodíu del sieglu XL e.C. con restos neandertales na Cova Negra (Xàtiva), les coves de Salt (Alcoi) y del Cochino (Villena). De la dómina antigua, la Comunidá Valenciana considérase una parte mui importante de la civilización íbera, esti pueblu (o meyor dicho, conxuntu de pueblos) tien el so orixe nes poblaciones indíxenes de la edá del bronce que caltuvieron unos intensos intercambios comerciales y culturales...

    Edá media

    Depués de la desintegración del Imperiu romanu dende principios del sieglu VII hasta anicios del VIII, gran parte del territoriu tuvo suxetu al Reinu visigodu de Toledo, y la otra parte, dende Dénia hasta Cartagena, tuvo baxo dominación de Bizanciu primero y del Reinu de Tudmir depués, con centru'n Oriola. El pactu d'Abd al-Aziz con Tudmir nel añu 713 permitió la entrada de los árabes a la península, cuando comienza una de les etapes más importantes del país, la dómina d'Al-Andalus. Pesie a q...

    Edá moderna

    Depués del prestixu económicu, social y cultural mientres el sieglu d'oru valencianu porpiciáu pola expansión mediterranea de la Corona d'Aragón nel sieglu XIV, y depués de diversos conflictos sociales, el país finalmente cedió colos Decretos de Nueva Planta nel 1707, cuando se desmantela'l reinu y deróguense los fueros; pasa a fomrar parte del Reinu d'España, asimilándose a la llexislación castellana y queda priváu d'autonomía, llingua y cultura propies.

    Provincies

    Na primer división provincial de la España baxo dominiu napoleónicu nel sieglu XIX, l'alminsitración española dividió'l territoriu ente la prefeutura d'Alacant y la de València, que llendaba cola prefeutura de Tarragona na llinia que xunía Vistabella y Peníscola. En 1822, plantegáronse per primer vez unes provincies asemeyaes a les actuales, xebrándose0l país, de norte a sur, nes provincies de Castelló, València, Xàtiva y Alacant. Finalmente en 1833 cola división propuesta por Javier de Burgo...

    Comarques

    D'otra miente, el País Valencianu tien una arraigada tradición de comarcalismu, si bien la división comarcal actual, basada na propuesta de Joan Soler i Riber en 1970, difier d ela división comarcal tradicional descrita por Emili Beüt en 1937. Sicasí, l'agrupación de les comarque esn cuatro rexones propuesta por Joan Soler nun recibió sofitu políticu na creación de la comunidá autónoma valenciana l'añu 1982 y axustóse a la división provincial española preexistente. Estes rexones tratábense d'...

    Na Comunidá hai declaraos oficialmente dos predominios llingüísticos territorialmente, el del castellanu, que s'asitia nel interior y al este, y el del valencianu (nome que se-y da al catalán na comunidá), que s'asitia a lo llargo de tola fastera costera. Anguaño'l conocimientu del valencianu xorreció abondo dende'l 1982, con un 4% d'alfabetizaos, ...

    En delles ciudaes celébrase la fiesta de los moros y cristianos. Tamién celébrense en munches poblaciones les fiestes de falles (marzu), principalmente en València. N'Alacant les Fogueres de San Xuan (xunu), en Castellón la Madalena y n'Elx el Misteri d'Elx(agostu).

    Relieve

    Ta configuráu polos montes del norte, que pertenecen al Sistema Ibéricu, les sierres meridionales del Sistema Béticu y les sierres, altiplanos y llanos centrales. Nel Maestrat asitíase'l monte más emblemáticu del país, la Penyagolosa, de 1813 m. d'altor, considerada popularmente como la más elevada, anque enrealidá esa ye Calderón, nel Rincón de Ademuz, qu'algama los 1839 m. La mariña tien la sierra d'Irta, de Vila Joiosa o la serra Gelada, l'albufera d'Oropesa, de València y d'Elx, les llagu...

    Clima

    El País Valencianu ta bañáu pol Mar Mediterraneu y tien un clima mediterraneuque, cuanto más al interior, más suave ye. D'esti xeitu, hai tres tipos de climes mediterráneos nel territoriu: 1. Típicu: estiéndese pela mariña norte y central del territoriu con un iviernu non demasiao fríos por mor de l'acción suavizadora que fai el mar y con branos enforma secos y calurosos, les precipitaciones concéntrense en primavera y tamién na seronda, pero con riesgos de gota fría. Les llocalidaes más repr...

  4. Wikiproyecto:Comunidad Valenciana. El Wikiproyecto Comunidad Valenciana comenzó su andadura el 23 de septiembre de 2006, y tiene como objetivo de impulsar y coordinar la creación, mejora y ampliación de artículos, categorías y plantillas relacionadas con la Comunidad Valenciana, así como la incorporación de imágenes y mapas a Wikimedia Commons.

  5. La Comunidá Valenciana (Comunitat Valenciana en Valencianu, Comunidad Valenciana en castellanu) es una comunidá autónoma d'España que s'alcuentra assitiá ena costa mediterránea la Península Ibérica, hiziendu arrayu con Castilla-La Mancha i Aragón al oesti, con Cataluña al norti i al sul cona Región de Múrcia, mentris que pol esti da pal mari Mediterráneu.