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  1. › wiki › FungusFungus - Wikipedia

    A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms. These organisms are classified as a kingdom , [4] separately from the other eukaryotic kingdoms, which by one traditional classification include Plantae , Animalia , Protozoa , and Chromista .

  2. En biología, el término Fungi (plural latino de fungus, lit. «hongos») [. 5. ] . [. 6. ] se utiliza para designar a un taxón o grupo de organismos eucariotas entre los que se encuentran los mohos, las levaduras y los organismos productores de setas.

    • Structure
    • Symbiosis
    • Pathogens
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    Fungi reproduce both sexually and asexually. Some fungi grow mushrooms: these are fruiting bodies. Under the cap there are gills; the gills bear spores that will disperse, and may develop into new fungi. Otherwise, fungi use a sporangium to bear asexual spores by mitosis, or sexual spores by meiosis. The spores are haploid. Fungi may be single celled or multicellular. Yeast is single-celled, and reproduces either sexually or asexually. Asexual reproduction occurs by simple budding (binary fis...


    The mycelium is the vegetative (non-reproductive) part of a fungus. It is usually underground (or inside some other substance), and made of filaments called hyphae (singluar: hypha).

    Symbiosis means living together. Lichens are a symbiosis between a fungus and an alga or bacterium. In this partnership the algal cells live inside the fungus tissue. The end result is a new mat-like life-form which clings to rock and other surfaces. About 20% of all fungi live as part of a lichen. Another important kind of symbiosis is mycorrhiza. This is when a fungus lives inside plant roots; most trees have mycorrhizal roots, and so do many cropplants. Both the fungus and the plant benefit in this arrangement.

    Some fungi cause crop diseases; others cause serious disease in humans. Some are highly poisonous: never eat a mushroom picked in the wild unless you know what you are doing.

    Edible fungi are widely used as human food. Certain types of cheese need a fungal species to be added. Blue cheese and Camembert cheeseare examples of those types of cheese. The fungi give a unique...
    Some fungi produce psychotropic (mind-altering) substances. Some people take these fungi recreationally for their psychedelic properties. These psychedelic mushrooms are often called magic mushroom...
    In modern times, some fungi (for example, penicillin) have been used as a source of antibiotics. The antibiotics are produced by many fungi as a natural defense against bacteria.
    • Fungi
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    Candida Candida albicans at 200× magnification Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Division: Ascomycota Class: Saccharomycetes Order: Saccharomycetales Family: Saccharomycetaceae Genus: Candida Berkh. Type species Candida vulgaris Berkh. Candida is a genus of yeasts and is the most common cause of fungal infections worldwide. Many species are harmless commensals or endosymbionts of hosts including humans; however, when mucosal barriers are disrupted or the immune system is compromised they

    When grown in a laboratory, Candida appears as large, round, white or cream colonies, which emit a yeasty odor on agar plates at room temperature. C. albicans ferments glucose and maltose to acid and gas, sucrose to acid, and does not ferment lactose, which helps to distinguish it from other Candida species. Recent molecular phylogenetic studies show that the genus Candida, as currently defined, is extremely polyphyletic. Before the advent of inexpensive molecular methods, yeasts that were isola

    Candida are almost universal in low numbers on healthy adult skin and C. albicans is part of the normal flora of the mucous membranes of the respiratory, gastrointestinal and female genital tracts. The dryness of skin compared to other tissues prevents the growth of the fungus, but damaged skin or skin in intertriginous regions is more amenable to rapid growth. Overgrowth of several species, including C. albicans, can cause infections ranging from superficial, such as oropharyngeal candidiasis o

    C. albicans has been used in combination with carbon nanotubes to produce stable electrically-conductive bio-nano-composite tissue materials that have been used as temperature-sensing elements.

    Among Candida species, C. albicans, which is a normal constituent of the human flora, a commensal of the skin and the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, is responsible for the majority of Candida bloodstream infections. Yet, there is an increasing incidence of infections caused by C. glabrata and C. rugosa, which could be because they are frequently less susceptible to the currently used azole-group of antifungals. Other medically important species include C. parapsilosis, C. tropicalis,

  3. › wiki › Fungus_gnatFungus gnat - Wikipedia

    Most fungus gnats are weak fliers, and can often be seen walking rapidly over plants and soil, rather than flying. However when airborne, the gnats may be quite annoying to humans by flying into their faces, eyes, and noses, both indoors and outdoors. These flies are sometimes confused with drain flies.

  4. › wiki › CordycepsCordyceps - Wikipedia

    Cordyceps / ˈ k ɔːr d ɪ s ɛ p s / is a genus of ascomycete fungi (sac fungi) that includes about 600 species. Most Cordyceps species are endoparasitoids, parasitic mainly on insects and other arthropods (they are thus entomopathogenic fungi); a few are parasitic on other fungi.

  5. › wiki › MoldMold - Wikipedia

    A mold ( US) or mould ( UK, NZ, AU, ZA, IN, CA, IE) is a fungus that grows in the form of multicellular filaments called hyphae. In contrast, fungi that can adopt a single-celled growth habit are called yeasts . Molds are a large and taxonomically diverse number of fungal species in which the growth of hyphae results in discoloration and a ...

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