The High German dialects, or simply High German; not to be confused with Standard High German which is imprecisely also called High German, comprise the varieties of German spoken south of the Benrath and Uerdingen isoglosses in central and southern Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Luxembourg, and eastern Belgium, as well as in neighbouring portions of France, Italy, the Czech Republic, and Poland. They are also spoken in diaspora in Romania, Russia, the United States ...
The High German languages or High German dialects ( German: hochdeutsche Mundarten) is a variant of the Germanic languages. It is spoken south of the Benrath and Uerdingen isoglosses in central and southern Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Luxembourg, and eastern Belgium.
High German languages A Alzenau dialect Amana German B Barossa German E Early New High German G German language M Middle High German N New High German P Paraná-Wolga-Deutsch S Standard German W Wymysorys language Y Yiddish dialects Yiddish
The largest North Germanic languages are Swedish, Danish and Norwegian, which are in part mutually intelligible and have a combined total of about 20 million native speakers in the Nordic countries and an additional five million second language speakers; since the Middle Ages, however, these languages have been strongly influenced by Middle Low German, a West Germanic language, and Low German words account for about 30–60% of their vocabularies according to various estimates.
High German languages. Old High German† & Middle High German† Upper German. High Franconian. East Franconian German; South Franconian German; Alemannic German. Swabian German, including Stuttgart; Low Alemannic German, including the area of Lake Constance and Basel German. Alsatian; Central Alemannic; High Alemannic German, including Zürich German and Bernese German