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  1. The House of Stuart, originally Stewart, was a royal house of Scotland, England, Ireland and later Great Britain.The family name comes from the office of High Steward of Scotland, which had been held by the family progenitor Walter fitz Alan (c. 1150).

  2. House of Stuart. The House of Stewart, or Stuart, is a royal house of Scotland and England . The Tudor dynasty ended when Queen Elizabeth I died in 1603. She named her cousin James I as heir. He became James I of England, and started the Stuart dynasty .

    Name
    From
    Until
    Relationship With Predecessor
    James VI of ScotlandandJames I of ...
    24 July 1567and24 March 1603
    27 March 1625
    son of Mary, Queen of Scots and Henry ...
    27 March 1625
    30 January 1649 (executed)
    son of James VI of Scotland & I of ...
    30 January 1649
    6 February 1685
    son of Charles I of England, Scotland & ...
    James VII of ScotlandandJames II of ...
    6 February 1685
    13 February 1689
    brother of Charles II of England, ...
  3. The House of Stuart — a Scottish royal house, and later English and British royal house.; Rulers of the Kingdom of Scotland (during 1371−1701); and also of the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Ireland (during 1603−1649 & 1660−1701); and of the unified Kingdom of Great Britain (during 1702−1714).

  4. Royal House of Stuart ( Stuart -Lennox) Branch issued from the marriage of Marie Stuart and Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, (7 December 1545 – 9 or 10 February 1567), Baron Darnley, Duke of Albany and King consort of Scotland, Figure. Name of armiger and blazon. then.

  5. Pages in category "House of Stuart" The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total.

    • Origins
    • History
    • Present-Day
    • List of Monarchs
    • See Also
    • Sources
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Etymology

    The name Stewart derives from the political position of office similar to a governor, known as a steward. It was originally adopted as the family surname by Walter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland, who was the third member of the family to hold the position. Prior to this, family names were not used, but instead they had patronyms defined through the father; for example the first two High Stewards were known as FitzAlan and FitzWalter respectively. During the 16th century the French spel...

    Background

    The ancestral origins of the Stewart family are quite obscure—what is known for certain is that they can trace their ancestry back to Alan FitzFlaad, a Breton who came over to Great Britain not long after the Norman conquest. Alan had been the hereditary steward of the Bishop of Dol in the Duchy of Brittany; Alan had a good relationship with the ruling Norman monarch Henry I of England who awarded him with lands in Shropshire. The FitzAlan family quickly established themselves as a prominent...

    The sixth High Steward of Scotland, Walter Stewart (1293–1326), married Marjorie, daughter of Robert the Bruce, and also played an important part in the Battle of Bannockburn gaining further favour. Their son Robert was heir to the House of Bruce, the Lordship of Cunningham and the Bruce lands of Bourtreehill; he eventually inherited the Scottish throne when his uncle David IIdied childless in 1371. In 1503, James IV attempted to secure peace with England by marrying King Henry VII's daughter, Margaret Tudor. The birth of their son, later James V, brought the House of Stewart into the line of descent of the House of Tudor, and the English throne. Margaret Tudor later married Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, and their daughter, Margaret Douglas, was the mother of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. In 1565, Darnley married his half-cousin Mary, Queen of Scots, the daughter of James V. Darnley's father was Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox, a member of the Stewart of Darnley branch of...

    The Royal House of Stuart became extinct with the death of Cardinal Henry Benedict Stuart, brother of Charles Edward Stuart, in 1807. Duke Francis of Bavariais the current senior heir.

    Monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland

    These monarchs used the title "King/Queen of Great Britain", although that title had no basis in law until the Acts of Union 1707came into effect on 1 May 1707. Legally, they each simultaneously occupied two thrones, as "King/Queen of England" and "King/Queen of Scotland".

    Jacobitism, for more on the House of Stuart and its decline
    John Barbourthe first Stewart court poet and genealogist
    The family trees of the Stuarts: Scottish branch – England and Scotland united
    Barrow, G. W. S. (2003), The Kingdom of the Scots, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, ISBN 0-7486-1802-3
    Barrow, G. W. S. (2004), Stewart family (per. c.1110–c.1350), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.), Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/49411, http://www.oxforddnb.com/vie...
    Round, J. Horace (1901), Studies in Peerage and Family History, Westminster, London: Archibald Constable & Co Ltd
    Addington, Arthur C. The Royal House of Stuart: The Descendants of King James VI of Scotland (James I of England). 3v. Charles Skilton, 1969–76.
    Cassavetti, Eileen. The Lion & the Lilies: The Stuarts and France. Macdonald & Jane’s, 1977.
    • Origen E Historia
    • Reyes de Escocia
    • Reyes de Inglaterra
    • Pretendientes

    El más antiguo miembro conocido de la Casa de Estuardo fue Flaad I («el Senescal», «steward» en inglés), noble bretón del siglo XI perteneciente al séquito del señor de Dol y Combourgo. Flaad y sus inmediatos descendientes ostentaron el cargo honorario y hereditario de Dapifer ("el portador de alimentos") del señor de Dol. Su nieto Flaad II entró al servicio de Enrique I de Inglaterra, protagonizando el "paso" de la dinastía de Bretaña a Gran Bretaña, que fue donde se fraguó su destino. Walter FitzAlan (1106-1177), nieto de Flaad II e hijo de Alan fitz Flaad, nació en Oswestry (Shropshire). Con su hermano Guillermo, antepasado de la familia de los condes de Arundel, apoyó a la Emperatriz Matilde de Inglaterra contra su primo Esteban I de Blois, durante el período conocido como la Anarquía. Otro de los aliados de Matilde fue su tío David I de Escocia, de la casa de Dunkeld. Después de que Matilde, habiendo básicamente fracasado en su intento de hacerse con el trono, tuviera que refug...

    Roberto II, 1316–1390, Rey de Escocia de 1371 a 1390
    Roberto III, 1337–1406, Rey de Escocia de 1390 a 1406
    Jacobo I, 1394–1437, Rey de Escocia de 1406 a 1437
    Jacobo II, 1430–1460, Rey de Escocia de 1437 a 1460
    Jacobo VI de Escocia y I de Inglaterra, Rey de Inglaterra de 1603 a 1625
    Carlos I de Inglaterra y Escocia, Rey de Inglaterra y Escocia de 1625 a 1649
    Carlos II de Inglaterra y Escocia, Rey de Inglaterra y Escocia de 1660 a 1685
    Jacobo VII de Escocia y II de Inglaterra, Rey de Inglaterra y Escocia de 1685 a 1688, el cual continuó reclamando los tronos inglés y escocés tras su deposición en 1688
    Jacobo Francisco Estuardo, conocido como el Viejo Pretendiente, reclamó el trono como Jacobo VIII de Escocia y Jacobo III de Inglaterra (1701–1766)
    Carlos Eduardo Estuardo, el Joven Pretendiente, reclamó el trono como Carlos III (1766–1788)
    Enrique Benedicto Estuardo, que reclamó el trono como Enrique IX de Inglaterra (1766–1807). A su muerte los derechos dinásticos pasaron al exrey Carlos Manuel IV de Cerdeña, pretendiente con el nom...
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