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  1. Nebraska - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre Coordenadas: 41°30′N 100°00′O ( mapa) Nebraska Para otros usos de este término, véase Nebraska (desambiguación). Nebraska es uno de los cincuenta estados que, junto con Washington D. C., forman los Estados Unidos de América. Su capital es Lincoln y su ciudad más poblada, Omaha.

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  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › NebraskaNebraska - Wikipedia

    Nebraska ( / nəˈbræskə / ( listen)) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is bordered by South Dakota to the north; Iowa to the east and Missouri to the southeast, both across the Missouri River; Kansas to the south; Colorado to the southwest; and Wyoming to the west. It is the only triply landlocked U.S. state.

  3. Nebraska is a state near to the center of the United States. Its capital is Lincoln and the largest city is Omaha. It touches the states of Wyoming, South Dakota, Iowa, Missouri, Colorado and Kansas . Nebraska is known for its agriculture, especially beef and corn . Nebraska has hot summers and cold winters.

    • United States
    • Lincoln
    • Prehistoria
    • Exploración Europea
    • 1854-1867
    • 1867–1900
    • Ferrocarriles
    • Siglo Xx
    • Referencias

    Mesozoico

    Durante el Cretácico superior, entre 65 millones a 99 millones de años, tres cuartas partes de Nebraska estaban cubiertas por el mar interior occidental,un gran cuerpo de agua que cubría un tercio de los actuales Estados Unidos.[1]​ El mar estaba ocupado por mosasurios, ictiosaurios y plesiosaurios. Además los tiburones como el Squalicorax y peces como el Pachyrhizodus,Enchodus y el Xiphactinus, un pez más grande que cualquier pez óseo moderno.Otra vida marina incluye invertebrados como los m...

    Varios exploradores procedentes de Europa exploraron las tierras que se convirtieron en Nebraska.En 1682 René Robert Cavelier de La Salle reclamó la zona por primera vez todo el territorio drenado por el Río misisipi y sus afluentes para Francia, con el nombre del territorio de Luisiana. En 1714, Étienne de Veniard viajó desde la desembocadura del ...

    Periodo territorial

    La ley Kansas-Nebraska de 1854 estableció el paralelo 40 norte, como la línea divisoria entre los territorios de Kansas y Nebraska. Como tal los límites territoriales de Nebraska originales eran mucho más grandes que en la actualidad, el territorio estaba limitado al oeste por la división continental entre los océanos Pacífico y Atlántico, en el norte por el paralelo 49 norte(la frontera entre Estados Unidos y Canadá) y al este con el río Misuri. Sin embargo, la creación de nuevos territorios...

    Cambio territorial

    El 28 de febrero de 1861 el Territorio de Colorado tomó posesión del territorio al sur del 41 ° N y al oeste de 102 ° 03 'W. El 2 de marzo de 1861 el Territorio de Dakota tomó todas las porciones de territorio al norte del 43 ° N (la actual frontera de Nebraska con Dakota del Sur ), junto con parte de la actual Nebraska, entre el paralelo 43 norte y el Keya Paha y los ríos Niobrara (esta tierra se devolvió a Nebraska en 1882). En la ley de creación del territorio de Dakota también se incluyen...

    Guerra civil

    El gobernador Alvin Saunders guio el territorio durante la guerra civil americana (1861-1865), así como los dos primeros años de la Reconstrucción. Él trabajó con la legislatura territorial para ayudar a definir las fronteras de Nebraska, así como para aumentar las tropas para servir en el Ejército de la Unión. No se libraron batallas en el territorio, pero Nebraska formó tres regimientos de caballeríapara ayudar al esfuerzo de guerra, y más de 3.000 hombres servían en el ejército.

    Constitución

    La constitución de Nebraska se elaboró en el año 1866. Había una cierta controversia sobre la admisión de Nebraska como estado, en vista de una disposición en la Constitución que atribuye el sufragio únicamente a los votantes blancos, finalmente, el 8 de febrero de 1867, el Congreso de Estados Unidos votó a favor de admitir a Nebraska como un estado, siempre que el sufragio no se negara a los votantes no blancos. El proyecto de ley para admitir como estado a Nebraska fue vetado por el preside...

    Los ferrocarriles jugaron un papel importante en el asentamiento de Nebraska. La tierra era buena, pero sin transporte sería imposible aumentar los cultivos comerciales. Las compañías de ferrocarriles habían recibido grandes concesiones de tierras que fueron utilizados para respaldar los préstamos de Nueva York y Londres, que financiaron la constru...

    Era progresista

    En 1900 la población se desvaneció y los republicanos recuperaron el poder en el estado. En 1907 se promulgó una serie de medidas de reforma progresistas, incluyendo una ley primaria directa y la ley de trabajo infantil en lo que fue una de las sesiones legislativas más importantes en la historia de Nebraska. La prohibición es de importancia central en la política progresista antes de la Primera Guerra Mundial I. Muchos protestantes británicos y escandinavos de valores defendieron la prohibic...

    El uso del suelo

    Desde 1870 el tamaño medio de las explotaciones ha aumentado constantemente, mientras que el número de granjas aumentó rápidamente hasta el año 1900, se mantuvo estable hasta 1930. El área total de tierras de cultivo en Nebraska aumentó hasta la década de 1930, pero luego mostró estabilidad a largo plazo con grandes fluctuaciones a corto plazo. La diversidad de los cultivos fue más alta durante 1955-1965, y luego disminuye lentamente, el maíz fue siempre un cultivo dominante, pero el sorgo y...

    Transporte

    Las 450 m del "Lincoln Highway" en Nebraska siguen la ruta del Río Platte. A lo largo del estrecho pasillo donde los pioneros, el "Pony Express" y la línea principal de la Unión Pacífic Railroad corrió.La construcción comenzó en 1913, ya que la carretera fue promovida por una red de promotores locales y estatales hasta que se convirtió en U.S. Route 30 y parte del sistema nacional de carreteras numeradas, con las normas federales para carreteras y los subsidios. Su ruta fue alterada varias ve...

    Esta obra contiene una traducción derivada de «History of Nebraska» de Wikipedia en inglés, publicada por sus editores bajo la Licencia de documentación libre de GNU y la Licencia Creative Commons...

    • Pre-Historic
    • European Exploration: 1682–1853
    • 1854–1867
    • 1867–1900
    • Railroads
    • 20th Century
    • Government
    • Women
    • Great Depression
    • World War II

    Mesozoic

    During the Late Cretaceous, between 66 million to 99 million years ago, three-quarters of Nebraska was covered by the Western Interior Seaway, a large body of water that covered one-third of the United States. The sea was occupied by mosasaurs, ichthyosaurs, and plesiosaurs. Additionally, sharks such as Squalicorax, and fish such as Pachyrhizodus, Enchodus, and the Xiphactinus, a fish larger than any modern bony fish, occupied the sea. Other sea life included invertebrates such as mollusks, a...

    Several explorers from across Europe explored the lands that became Nebraska. In 1682, René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle claimed the area first when he named all the territory drained by the Mississippi River and its tributaries for France, naming it the Louisiana Territory. In 1714, Etienne de Bourgmont traveled from the mouth of the Missour...

    Territorial period

    The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 established the 40th parallel north as the dividing line between the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. As such, the original territorial boundaries of Nebraska were much larger than today; the territory was bounded on the west by the Continental Divide between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans; on the north by the 49th parallel north (the boundary between the United States and Canada), and on the east by the White Earth and Missouri rivers. However, the creatio...

    Land changes

    On February 28, 1861, Colorado Territory took portions of the territory south of 41° N and west of 102°03' W (25° W of Washington, DC). On March 2, 1861, Dakota Territory took all of the portions of Nebraska Territory north of 43° N (the present-day Nebraska–South Dakota border), along with the portion of present-day Nebraska between the 43rd parallel north and the Keya Paha and Niobrara rivers (this land would be returned to Nebraska in 1882). The act creating the Dakota Territory also inclu...

    Civil War

    Governor Alvin Saunders guided the territory during the American Civil War (1861–1865), as well as the first two years of the postbellum era. He worked with the territorial legislature to help define the borders of Nebraska, as well as to raise troops to serve in the Union Army. No battles were fought in the territory, but Nebraska raised three regiments of cavalryto help the war effort, and more than 3,000 men served in the military.

    Statehood

    A constitution for Nebraska was drawn up in 1866. There was some controversy over Nebraska's admission as a state, in view of a provision in the 1866 constitution restricting suffrage to White voters; eventually, on February 8, 1867, the United States Congress voted to admit Nebraska as a state provided that suffrage was not denied to non-white voters. The bill admitting Nebraska as a state was vetoed by President Andrew Johnson, but the veto was overridden by a supermajority in both Houses o...

    Land sales

    Railroads played a central role in the settlement of Nebraska.The land was good for farms and ranches, but without transportation would be impossible to raise commercial crops. The railroad companies had been given large land grants that were used to back the borrowings from New York and London that financed construction. They were anxious to locate settlers upon the land as soon as possible, ensuring there would be a steady outflow of farm products and a steady inflow of manufactured items p...

    Populism

    Populism was a farmers' movement of the early 1890s that emerged in a period of simultaneous crises in agriculture and politics. Farmers who attempted to raise corn and hogs in the dry regions of Nebraska faced economic disaster when drought unexpectedly occurred. When they sought relief through political means, they found the Republican Party complacent, resting on its past achievement of prosperity. The Democratic Party, meanwhile, was preoccupied with the prohibition issue. The farmers tur...

    Progressive Era

    In 1900 Populism faded and the Republicans regained power in the state. In 1907 they enacted a number of progressive reform measures, including a direct primary law and a child labor act, in what was one of the most significant legislative sessions in Nebraska's history. Prohibition was of central importance in progressive politics before World War I. Many British-stock and Scandinavian Protestants advocated prohibition as a solution to social problems, while Catholics and German Lutherans at...

    Land use

    Since 1870 the average size of farms has steadily increased, whereas number of farms rapidly increased until about 1900, remained stable until about 1930, then rapidly decreased, as farmers buyout their neighbors and consolidate the holdings. Total area of cropland in Nebraska increased until the 1930s, but then showed long-term stability with large short-term fluctuations. Crop diversity was highest during 1955–1965, then slowly decreased; corn was always a dominant crop, but sorghum and oat...

    Transportation

    The 450 miles of the Lincoln Highway in Nebraska followed the route of the Platte River Valley, along the narrow corridor where pioneer trails, the Pony Express, and the main line of the Union Pacific Railroad ran. Construction began in 1913, as the road was promoted by a network of state and local boosters until it became U.S. Highway 30 and part of the nation's numbered highway system, with federal highway standards and subsidies. Before 1929 only sixty of its miles were hard surface in Neb...

    Senator Norris campaigned for the abolition of the bicameral system in the state legislature, arguing it was outdated, inefficient and unnecessarily expensive, and was based on the "inherently undemocratic" British House of Lords. In 1934, a state constitutional amendment was passed mandating a single-house legislature, and also introducing non-par...

    Farm life

    In Nebraska, very few single men attempted to operate a farm or ranch; farmers clearly understood the need for a hard-working wife, and numerous children, to handle the many chores, including child-rearing, feeding and clothing the family, managing the housework, feeding the hired hands, and, especially after the 1930s, handling the paperwork and financial details.During the early years of settlement in the late 19th century, farm women played an integral role in assuring family survival by w...

    Teachers

    There were few jobs available for young women awaiting marriage. Prairie schoolwomen, or teachers, played a vital role in modernizing the state. Some were from local families, perhaps with their father on the school board, and they took a job that kept money in the community. Others were well educated and more cosmopolitan, and looked at teaching as a career. They believed in universal education and social reform and were generally accepted as members of the community and as extended members...

    The Great Depression hit Nebraska hard, as grain and livestock prices fell in half, and unemployment was widespread in the cities. The collapse of the stock market in October 1929 did not result in great personal fortunes being lost. The greatest effect the crash had on Nebraska was the fall of farm prices because the state's economy was greatly de...

    Nebraska fully mobilized its labor and economic resources when the federal call to action came at America's entrance into World War II. Besides sending its young men to war, food production was expanded and munitions plants, such as the Nebraska Ordnance Plant, were built. The Cornhusker Ordnance Plant (COP) in Grand Island, produced its first bomb...

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    Nebraska. Compare Great Rates for Your Hotel Booking in Nebraska. Use Our Smart Tools to Help You Find the Best Deals for All Your Travel Plans.

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    To Nebraska. Book the Best Flight to Your Next Destination and Save with KAYAK®! Compare 100s of Flights & Airline Tickets. Your Shortcut to the Best Travel Deals.

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    World news, daily news, politics, business, tech... Do you know all about Wikipedia?