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  1. Princess Alice of the United Kingdom VA CI was Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine from 13 June 1877 until her death in 1878 as the wife of Grand Duke Louis IV. She was the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Alice was the first of Queen Victoria's nine children to die, and one of three to predecease their mother, who died in 1901. Her life had been enwrapped in tragedy since her father's death in 1861 ...

  2. Queen Victoria. The Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary: Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine by marriage; April 25, 1843 – December 14, 1878). She was the second daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. In 1861, she acted as the nurse to her dying father, and became interested in nursing.

    • 18 December 1878, Rosenhöhe, Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
    • 25 April 1843, Buckingham Palace, London, England
  3. Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone VA GCVO GBE was a member of the British royal family. She is the longest-lived British princess of the blood royal, and was the last surviving grandchild of Queen Victoria. Princess Alice was the chatelaine of Rideau Hall from 1940 until 1946, while her husband, Lord Athlone, served as the governor general of Canada.

    • Early Life
    • Marriage
    • Princess Louis of Hesse
    • Later Life
    • Legacy
    • Titles, Styles, Honours and Arms
    • References

    Alice was born on 25 April 1843 at Buckingham Palace, London. She was the second daughter and third child of the British monarch, Queen Victoria, and her husband Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. She was named Alice to honour Victoria's first Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne. He was still a passionate admirer of the Queen and he once said that ...

    Suitors

    Alice's mother started to plan a marriage in 1860. Queen Victoria had expressed her wish that her children should marry for love. However, this did not mean that her choice of suitors was extended to anybody outside the royal houses of Europe. The Queen instructed her daughter Victoria, Crown Princess of Prussia to create a list of Princes in Europe. Her search had only two suitable candidates as a result: William, Prince of Orange and Prince Albert of Prussia. The latter was the cousin to Vi...

    Engagement and wedding

    Alice was engaged to Prince Louis of Hesse on 30 April 1861, following the Queen's consent. The Queen convinced the Prime Minister, Lord Palmerston, to vote Alice a dowry of £30,000. Although the amount was considered generous at the time, Prince Albert remarked that "she will not be able to do great things with it" in the little kingdom of Hesse, compared to the riches that her sister Vicky would inherit as future Queen of Prussia and German Empress. Furthermore, the couple's future home in...

    Tragedy befell Alice on 29 May 1873, when her youngest and favourite son, Friedrich, called "Frittie", died after falling 20 feet from a window. The child suffered from haemophilia, and although he regained consciousness, the internal bleeding could not be stopped. Alice never recovered from Frittie's death, writing to her mother two months later: ...

    Alice's death had an emotional effect both in Britain and Hesse. The Times wrote: "The humblest of people felt that they had the kinship of nature with a Princess who was the model of family virtue as a daughter, a sister, a wife and a mother... Her abundant sympathies sought for objects of help in the great unknown waste of human distress". The Il...

    Titles and styles

    1. 25 April 1843 – 1 July 1862: Her Royal HighnessThe Princess Alice 2. 1 July 1862 – 13 June 1877: Her Royal HighnessPrincess Louis of Hesse and by Rhine 3. 13 June 1877 – 14 December 1878: Her Royal HighnessThe Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine

    Honours

    1. 1 January 1878: Companion of the Order of the Crown of India

    Arms

    In 1858, Alice and her three younger sisters were granted use of the royal arms, with an inescutcheon of the shield of Saxony, and differenced by a label argent of three points. On Alice's arms, the outer points were ermine, and the centre bore a rose gules.

    Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse, Letters to Her Majesty the Queen. London: John Murray. 1885.
    Noel, Gerard (1985). Princess Alice: Queen Victoria's forgotten daughter. London: Constable and Company Limited. ISBN 0-09-465980-X.
    Packard, Jerrold M. (1998). Victoria's Daughters. New York: St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 0-312-24496-7.
    • 13 June 1877 – 14 December 1878
    • Rosenhöhe, Darmstadt
  4. English: The Princess Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine was the third daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. She married Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse in 1862, and died of typhoid fever in 1878.

  5. Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, GCB, CI, GCVO, GCStJ, GBE was the wife of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, the third son of King George V and Queen Mary. She was the mother of Prince William of Gloucester and Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester. The daughter of the 7th Duke of Buccleuch, Scotland's largest landowner, she became by marriage a princess of the United Kingdom, and a sister-in-law to Edward VIII and George VI. She was thus an aunt by marriage to Elizabeth II ...

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