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1765 fue un año común ... Wikipedia® es una marca registrada de la Fundación Wikimedia, Inc., una organización sin ánimo de lucro. Política de ...
1765 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1765th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 765th year of the 2nd millennium, the 65th year of the 18th century, and the 6th year of the 1760s decade.
The Hennessycognac house founded11 January – Antoine Alexandre Barbier, librarian (died 1825)7 March – Nicéphore Niépce, inventor, pioneer photographer (died 1833)26 July – Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Comte d'Erlon, marshal (died 1844)4 August – Claire Lacombe, actress and revolutionary23 February – Jean Girard, organist (born 1696)15 April – Élisabeth Alexandrine de Bourbon, princess (born 1705)29 June – François Dominique Barreau de Chefdeville, architect (born 1725)5 September – Anne Claude de Caylus, antiquarian, proto-archaeologist and man of letters (born 1692)
(1765) Wrubel es un asteroide perteneciente al cinturón de asteroides descubierto el 15 de diciembre de 1957 por el equipo del Indiana Asteroid Program de la universidad de Indiana desde el observatorio Goethe Link de Brooklyn, Estados Unidos.
- British Decision-Making
- Colonial Reaction
- See Also
- External Links
The British victory in the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), known in America as the French and Indian War, had been won only at a great financial cost. During the war, the British national debt nearly doubled, rising from £72,289,673 in 1755 to almost £129,586,789 by 1764. Post-war expenses were expected to remain high because the Bute ministry decided in early 1763 to keep ten thousand British regulars in the American colonies, which would cost about £225,000 per year, equal to £33 million today. The primary reason for retaining such a large force was that demobilizing the army would put 1,500 officers out of work, many of whom were well-connected in Parliament. This made it politically prudent to retain a large peacetime establishment, but Britons were averse to maintaining a standing armyat home so it was necessary to garrison most of the troops elsewhere. The outbreak of Pontiac's War in May of 1763 led to the Royal Proclamation of 1763 and the added duty of British soldiers to pre...
Parliament announced in April 1764 when the Sugar Act was passed that they would also consider a stamp tax in the colonies. Opposition from the colonies was soon forthcoming to this possible tax, but neither members of Parliament nor American agents in Great Britain (such as Benjamin Franklin) anticipated the intensity of the protest that the tax generated. Stamp actshad been a very successful method of taxation within Great Britain; they generated over £100,000 in tax revenue with very little in collection expenses. By requiring an official stamp on most legal documents, the system was almost self-regulating; a document would be null and void under British law without the required stamp. Imposition of such a tax on the colonies had been considered twice before the Seven Years' War and once again in 1761. Grenville had actually been presented with drafts of colonial stamp acts in September and October 1763, but the proposals lacked the specific knowledge of colonial affairs to adequ...
Grenville started appointing Stamp Distributors almost immediately after the Act passed Parliament. Applicants were not hard to come by because of the anticipated income that the positions promised, and he appointed local colonists to the post. Benjamin Franklin even suggested the appointment of John Hughesas the agent for Pennsylvania, indicating that even Franklin was not aware of the turmoil and impact that the tax was going to generate on American-British relations or that these distribut...
Protests in the streets
While the colonial legislatures were acting, the ordinary citizens of the colonies were also voicing their concerns outside of this formal political process. Historian Gary B. Nash wrote:
Stamp Act Congress
The Stamp Act Congress was held in New York in October 1765. Twenty-seven delegates from nine colonies were the members of the Congress, and their responsibility was to draft a set of formal petitions stating why Parliament had no right to tax them.Among the delegates were many important men in the colonies. Historian John Miller observes, "The composition of this Stamp Act Congress ought to have been convincing proof to the British government that resistance to parliamentary taxation was by...
Grenville was replaced by Lord Rockingham as Prime Minister on 10 July 1765. News of the mob violence began to reach England in October. Conflicting sentiments were taking hold in Britain at the same time that resistance was building and accelerating in America. Some wanted to strictly enforce the Stamp Act over colonial resistance, wary of the precedent that would be set by backing down. Others felt the economic effects of reduced trade with America after the Sugar Act and an inability to collect debts while the colonial economy suffered, and they began to lobby for a repeal of the Stamp Act.The colonial protest had included various non-importation agreements among merchants who recognized that a significant portion of British industry and commerce was dependent on the colonial market. This movement had also spread through the colonies; 200 merchants had met in New York City and agreed to import nothing from England until the Stamp Act was repealed. When Parliament met in December...
Some aspects of the resistance to the act provided a sort of rehearsal for similar acts of resistance to the 1767 Townshend Acts, particularly the activities of the Sons of Liberty and merchants in organizing opposition. The Stamp Act Congress was a predecessor to the later Continental Congresses, notably the Second Continental Congress which oversaw the establishment of American independence. The Committees of Correspondence used to coordinate activities were revived between 1772 and 1774 in response to a variety of controversial and unpopular affairs, and the colonies that met at the 1774 First Continental Congress established a non-importation agreement known as the Continental Association in response to Parliamentary passage of the Intolerable Acts.Adair, Douglass. "The Stamp Act in Contemporary English Cartoons". William and Mary Quarterly (1953): 538–542. in JSTORAlexander, John K. Samuel Adams: America's Revolutionary Politician. (2002) ISBN 0-7425-2114-1Clark, Ronald W. Benjamin Franklin. A Biography. (1983) ISBN 0-394-50222-1Draper, Theodore. A Struggle For Power: The American Revolution. (1996) ISBN 0-8129-2575-0Works related to Stamp Act (1765)at Wikisource
- 1 November 1765
- British America and the British West Indies
- 22 March 1765
- 5 George III, c. 12
21 de xuño - A Illa de Man pasa ó controle dos ingleses.O mecánico James Hargreaves (ca. 1710-1778) idea unha nova máquina de fiar, a spinning jenny, mais o fío obtido é fino e fráxil, polo que a miudo racha durante a tecelaxe.20 de xaneiro - Sesión inaugural na Coruña da Academia de Agricultura do Reino de Galicia, cuxo obxectivo era estimular o desenvolvemento agrícola do territorio.7 de marzo - Joseph Nicéphore Niépce, inventor da fotografía.18 de setembro - Papa Gregorio XVI (m.1846).30 de setembro - José María Morelos, sacerdote e patriota mexicano (m. 1815).21 de outubro - Giovanni Pannini, arquitecto e paisaxista italiano.Clemente Fernández Sarela, arquitecto galego (n. 1716).7 de febreiro - Horace Walpole publica O castelo de Otranto, a primeira novela góticada literatura universal.Lucas Ferro Caaveiro, arquitecto galego, comeza as obras da capela compostelá das Angustias (na actualidade igrexa de San Frutuoso), iniciadas en 1754.
- 4461 – 4462
- 1765, MDCCLXV