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  1. The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2019. As the world's oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.

    • Faith and Morals
    • The Pope
    • Worship Practices
    • Sacraments
    • Nicene Creed
    • Related Pages

    Like other Christians, Catholics believe Jesus is a divine person, the Son of God. They believe that because of his love for all people, he died so that all people will live forever in heaven. The Catholic Church also recognizes the Trinity; that the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are together the only God.

    The leader of the Roman Catholic Church is called the Pope, which literally means "father". Catholics say Jesus Christ established the Catholic Church, and appointed the first Pope, a disciple of his named Saint Peter, to lead all Christians. Over the last 2,000 years, different Popes have led the church. The current Pope is the 266th and is called...

    Some of the traditional practices of Roman Catholics carried out each time they pray at home or at Church include making the sign of the cross, kneeling, and bowing. Their main ceremony is the Mass. Catholics are normally required to go to amass on Sundays and on Holy Days of Obligation. In the United States, the Holy Days of Obligation are: Mary, ...

    The Catholic Church celebrates seven sacraments. A sacrament is "an outward sign instituted (started) by Christ to give grace" (a supernatural gift of God that someone did nothing to deserve). The seven sacraments are: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders and Holy Matrimony (marriage). The Holy Euchar...

    Catholics, like many Christians, accept the Nicene Creed, a combination of the Council of Nicaea (AD 325) and the later Council of Constantinople(AD 382) as true. It is as follows: Eastern Orthodox and Protestants believe many of the same things. They sometime disagree on the role of the Virgin Mary and other saints, on what a priestcan do, and on ...

  2. The Catholic Church teaches that the coming of the Holy Spirit upon the apostles, in an event known as Pentecost, signaled the beginning of the public ministry of the Church. Catholics hold that Saint Peter was Rome's first bishop and the consecrator of Linus as its next bishop, thus starting the unbroken line which includes the current pontiff, Pope Francis .

  3. The Catholic Church is "the Catholic Communion of Churches, both Roman and Eastern, or Oriental, that are in full communion with the Bishop of Rome (the pope)." [2] The church is also known by members as the People of God, the Body of Christ, the "Temple of the Holy Spirit", among other names. [3] According to Vatican II 's Gaudium et spes, the ...

    Country
    Total Population
    % Catholic
    Catholic Total
    Afghanistan ( details )
    29,928,987
    0.0003%
    200 [24]
    Albania ( details )
    3,020,000
    10% [25]
    302,000
    Algeria ( details )
    32,531,853
    0.14% [26]
    45,000
    Andorra ( details )
    70,000
    88.2% [13]
    61,740
  4. the catholic church has been the driving force behind some of the major events of world history including the christianization of western and central europe and latin america, the spreading of literacy and the foundation of the universities, hospitals, the western tradition of monasticism, the development of art and music, literature, …

  5. The hierarchy of the Catholic Church consists of its bishops, priests, and deacons. [1] [2] In the ecclesiological sense of the term, "hierarchy" strictly means the "holy ordering" of the Church, the Body of Christ, so to respect the diversity of gifts and ministries necessary for genuine unity ( 1 Cor 12 ). In canonical and general usage, it ...

  6. The Catholic Church in China (called Tiānzhǔ Jiào, 天主敎, literally "Religion of the Lord of Heaven" after the Chinese term for the Christian God) has a long and complicated history. Roman Catholicism has existed in China in various folk forms since the Tang Dynasty in the 7th century. After the 1949 takeover by the Chinese Communist ...