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Charles II was born at St James's Palace on 29 May 1630. His parents were Charles I, who ruled the three kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, and Henrietta Maria, the sister of the French king Louis XIII.
- Early Life
- The King's Escape
- The Restoration
Prince Charles was the king's eldest son. As a little boy, he was made Prince of Walesas a sign that he would one day be king. By the time he grew into a young man, his father was already at war with Parliament in the English Civil War. Prince Charles did not take much part in the fighting. His mother, Henrietta Maria, was French, and she took her children to France when the war broke out, to keep them safe. Prince Charles was only eighteen when he heard that his father was dead. This made him King, and he started calling himself King Charles II immediately. However, Parliament was still in control of Britain and would not let him take his throne because after Charles I's execution, Oliver Cromwell became the Lord Protectorof Britain from 1653-1658.
In 1651, Charles II returned to Britain and fought Parliament at the Battle of Worcester. He was defeated, but is supposed to have escaped by hiding in an oak tree. Later, he was forced to disguise himself as a servant. A young lady called Jane Lanehelped him to escape, and he sailed to the Netherlands to re-join his supporters. He kept his own royal court there until 1660.
While Charles was in Holland, Britain was being ruled by Oliver Cromwell, an extraordinary man who had no title, but many followers. He was chosen as leader of the country by Parliament. When Cromwell died in 1658, his son Richard was chosen to be the next leader. Richard Cromwell was not the man his father had been. Charles II was asked to come back and rule Britain. In 1660, Charles II was brought back to Britain and took his throne. This was the English Restoration. Many of his enemies were punished for having executed his father and fought against him, but Richard Cromwell was allowed to go and live quietly away from London. Charles was popular and was called "The Merry Monarch" because he changed many laws that Cromwell had made and allowed people more freedom to enjoy themselves. He liked to go to the theatre, play cards, and enjoy sports such as horse racing. Some people thought that a king should be more serious and not spend so much time and money on fun. There were also so...
By Marguerite or Margaret de Carteret 1. Letters claiming that she bore Charles a son named James de la Clochein 1646 are dismissed by historians as forgeries. By Lucy Walter(c.1630–1658) 1. James Crofts, later Scott (1649–1685), created Duke of Monmouth (1663) in England and Duke of Buccleuch (1663) in Scotland. Ancestor of Sarah, Duchess of York. Lucy Walter had a daughter, Mary Crofts, born after James, but Charles II was not the father. By Elizabeth Killigrew (1622–1680), daughter of Sir Robert Killigrew, married Francis Boyle, 1st Viscount Shannonin 1660 1. Charlotte Jemima Henrietta Maria FitzRoy (1650–1684), married the 2nd Earl of Yarmouth By Catherine Pegge 1. Charles FitzCharles (1657–1680), known as "Don Carlo", created Earl of Plymouth(1675) 2. Catherine FitzCharles (born 1658; she either died young or became a nun at Dunkirk) By Barbara Villiers Palmer (1641–1709), wife of Roger Palmer, 1st Earl of Castlemaine created Duchess of Clevelandin her own right 1. Anne Palmer...
Category:Charles II of England. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Charles II of England. The main article for this category is Charles II of England. See also the preceding Category:Richard Cromwell and the succeeding Category:James II of England.
Charles II of England (1630–1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland. He was king of Scotland from 1649 from his father's execution until being deposed by Oliver Cromwell in 1651, and king of England, Scotland and Ireland from the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 until his death.
Charles II. The descendants of Charles II of England, Stuart monarch of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Scotland and Kingdom of Ireland, are numerous; lines of his many illegitimate children exist to this day. Though Charles's wife Catherine of Braganza was barren, he stayed with her but had numerous mistresses.
Charles II of England has been portrayed many times.
Sir Robert Vyner, supplied the regalia for the restoration of Charles II, and was appointed as the King's goldsmith in 1661. He was as much a banker as a goldsmith, and was knighted for his services in 1661 and was Lord Mayor of London in 1674. To show his devotion to the king, Vyner purchased a statue made in Italy for the Polish ambassador in London. It depicted the general, later King John Sobieski on a horse trampling a Turk. The ambassador could not afford to pay for it and Vyner bought it
Charles has been portrayed on screen by: 1. Augustus Neville in the silent film Sweet Nell of Old Drury, based on the earlier play by Paul Kester 2. P.G. Ebbutt in the silent films King Charles and Old St. Paul's, based on novels by Harrison Ainsworth 3. Owen Moore in the silent film Mistress Nell 4. Harry Southard in the silent film The Adventurer 5. William Luff in the silent film The Glorious Adventure 6. Henry Victor in the silent film The Royal Oak 7. Dwight Wiman in the silent film Peter S