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  1. City of London - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › City_of_London

    The City of London is a city, ceremonial county and local government district that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.

    • 21 m (69 ft)
    • England
    • 0 m (0 ft)
    • London
  2. London - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › London

    London was the world's largest city from c. 1831 to 1925, with a population density of 325 people per hectare. London's overcrowded conditions led to cholera epidemics, claiming 14,000 lives in 1848, and 6,000 in 1866. Rising traffic congestion led to the creation of the world's first local urban rail network.

    • 11 m (36 ft)
    • England
  3. City de Londres - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

    es.wikipedia.org › wiki › City_de_Londres

    La City de Londres (en inglés, City of London y, más informalmente, the City o Square Mile debido a que su superficie es de alrededor de 1 milla cuadrada o 2,6 kilómetros cuadrados) es una pequeña área en el Gran Londres.

  4. City of London Corporation - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › City_of_London_Corporation
    • Overview
    • History
    • Local authority role
    • The High Officers and other officials
    • Elections
    • Court of Aldermen

    The City of London Corporation, officially and legally the Mayor and Commonalty and Citizens of the City of London, is the municipal governing body of the City of London, the historic centre of London and the location of much of the United Kingdom's financial sector. In 2006 the name was changed from Corporation of London as the corporate body needed to be distinguished from the geographical area thus avoiding confusion with the wider London local government, the Greater London Authority. Both b

    In Anglo-Saxon times, consultation between the City's rulers and its citizens took place at the Folkmoot. Administration and judicial processes were conducted at the Court of Husting and the administrative part of the court's work evolved into the Court of Aldermen. There is no surviving record of a charter first establishing the Corporation as a legal body, but the City is regarded as incorporated by prescription, meaning that the law presumes it to have been incorporated because it has for so

    Local government legislation often makes special provision for the City to be treated as a London borough and for the Common Council to act as a local authority. The Corporation does not have general authority over the Middle Temple and the Inner Temple, two of the Inns of Court adjoining the west of the City which are historic extra-parochial areas, but many statutory functions of the Corporation are extended into these two areas. The chief executive of the administrative side of the Corporatio

    Because of its accumulated wealth and responsibilities, the Corporation has a number of officers and officials unique to its structure who enjoy more autonomy than most local council officials, and each of whom has a separate budget

    The first direct elections to Common Council took place in 1384. Before that date the representatives of the wards had been elected by the livery companies; originally they were merely appointed by the aldermen. The City of London Corporation was not reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835, because it had a more extensive electoral franchise than any other borough or city; in fact, it widened this further with its own equivalent legislation allowing one to become a freeman without being

    Wards originally elected aldermen for life, but the term is now only six years. Aldermen may, if they so choose, submit to an election before the six-year period ends. In any case, an election must be held no later than six years after the previous election. The sole qualification for the office is that aldermen must be Freemen of the City. Aldermen are ex officio justices of the peace. All aldermen also serve on the Court of Common Council.

    • Catherine McGuinness
    • William Russell, since 9 November 2019
  5. City of London - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › City_of_London

    From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia London in 1300: most was still within the old Roman city wall. The City of London is a district of Greater London. The City's boundaries have remained almost unchanged since the Middle Ages.

  6. City of London (UK Parliament constituency) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › City_of_London_(UK

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The City of London was a United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1950.

    • four
  7. History of London - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_London
    • Foundations and Prehistory
    • Early History
    • Modern History
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Some recent discoveries indicate probable very early settlements near the Thames in the London area. In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the Thames's south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge. This bridge either crossed the Thames or went to a now lost island in the river. Dendrology dated the timbers to between 1750 BCE and 1285 BCE. In 2001, a further dig found that the timbers were driven vertically into the ground on the south bank of the Thames west of Vauxhall Bridge. In 2010, the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BCE and 4500 BCE. were found, again on the foreshore south of Vauxhall Bridge. The function of the mesolithic structure is not known. All these structures are on the south bank at a natural crossing point where the River Effraflows into the Thames. Archaeologist Leslie Wallace notes, "Because no LPRIA[Late pre-Roman Iron Age] settlements or significant domestic refuse have been found in London, despite extensive a...

    Roman London

    Londinium was established as a civilian town by the Romans about four years after the invasion of AD 43. London, like Rome, was founded on the point of the river where it was narrow enough to bridge and the strategic location of the city provided easy access to much of Europe. Early Roman London occupied a relatively small area, roughly equivalent to the size of Hyde Park. In around AD 60, it was destroyed by the Iceni led by their queen Boudica. The city was quickly rebuilt as a planned Roma...

    Anglo-Saxon London

    Until recently it was believed that Anglo-Saxon settlement initially avoided the area immediately around Londinium. However, the discovery in 2008 of an Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Covent Garden indicates that the incomers had begun to settle there at least as early as the 6th century and possibly in the 5th. The main focus of this settlement was outside the Roman walls, clustering a short distance to the west along what is now the Strand, between the Aldwych and Trafalgar Square. It was known as...

    Norman and Medieval London

    The new Norman regime established new fortresses within the city to dominate the native population. By far the most important of these was the Tower of London at the eastern end of the city, where the initial timber fortification was rapidly replaced by the construction of the first stone castle in England. The smaller forts of Baynard's Castle and Montfichet's Castle were also established along the waterfront. King William also granted a charter in 1067 confirming the city's existing rights,...

    Tudor London

    In 1475, the Hanseatic League set up its main English trading base (kontor) in London, called Stalhof or Steelyard. It existed until 1853, when the Hanseatic cities of Lübeck, Bremen and Hamburg sold the property to South Eastern Railway. Woollen cloth was shipped undyed and undressed from 14th/15th century London to the nearby shores of the Low Countries, where it was considered indispensable. During the Reformation, London was the principal early centre of Protestantism in England. Its clos...

    Stuart London

    London's expansion beyond the boundaries of the City was decisively established in the 17th century. In the opening years of that century the immediate environs of the City, with the principal exception of the aristocratic residences in the direction of Westminster, were still considered not conducive to health. Immediately to the north was Moorfields, which had recently been drained and laid out in walks, but it was frequented by beggars and travellers, who crossed it in order to get into Lo...

    18th century

    The 18th century was a period of rapid growth for London, reflecting an increasing national population, the early stirrings of the Industrial Revolution, and London's role at the centre of the evolving British Empire. In 1707, an Act of Union was passed merging the Scottish and the English Parliaments, thus establishing the Kingdom of Great Britain. A year later, in 1708 Christopher Wren's masterpiece, St Paul's Cathedral was completed on his birthday. However, the first service had been held...

    Ackroyd, Peter. London: A Biography (2009) (First chapter.)
    Ball, Michael, and David T. Sunderland. Economic history of London, 1800–1914(Routledge, 2002)
    Billings, Malcolm (1994), London: A Companion to Its History and Archaeology, ISBN 1-85626-153-0
    Bucholz, Robert O., and Joseph P. Ward. London: A Social and Cultural History, 1550–1750(Cambridge University Press; 2012) 526 pages
  8. Category:City of London - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Category:City_of_London

    Category:City of London. This category is about the financial centre. For the capital city, see Category:London. The main article for this category is City of London. Wikimedia Commons has media related to City of London.

  9. City of London – Wikipedia

    de.wikipedia.org › wiki › City_of_London
    • Ausdehnung
    • Besonderheiten
    • Geschichte
    • Bevölkerung
    • Sehenswürdigkeiten
    • Literatur
    • Weblinks
    • Einzelnachweise

    Im Westen grenzt die City of London an die City of Westminster, im Nordwesten an Camden, im Norden an Islington, im Nordosten an Hackney, im Osten an Tower Hamlets und im Süden an die Themse und Southwark. Der Tower von London liegt entgegen der vorherrschenden Meinung nicht in der City, sondern knapp außerhalb in Tower Hamlets. Im Fluss verläuft die Grenze in der Mitte, mit Ausnahme der London Bridge und der Blackfriars Bridge, die in ihrer Gesamtheit von der City verwaltet werden. Die City of London wurde einst durch den London Wall begrenzt. Diese Befestigungsanlage war bereits von den Römern errichtet worden, um die strategisch günstig gelegene Hafenstadt Londinium zu schützen. Die Mauer ist mittlerweile fast vollständig verschwunden, nur einzelne Abschnitte sind erhalten geblieben. Ein bedeutender Abschnitt beim Museum of London wurde am 29. Dezember 1940 bei Aufräumarbeiten nach einem deutschen Luftangriff entdeckt. Die früheren Stadttore waren Ludgate, Newgate, Aldersgate, Cr...

    Die City of London hat einen besonderen politischen Status. Grund dafür sind die von der Krone über die Jahrhunderte verliehenen Privilegien, die bisher nicht aufgehoben oder grundlegend revidiert wurden. Die City wird durch die City of London Corporation verwaltet. Den Vorsitz der Corporation führt der Lord Mayor of London. Dieses Amt ist nicht mit jenem des Mayor of London zu verwechseln. Das Wahlverfahren für die Corporation entspricht nicht den üblichen demokratischen Prinzipien, da die Wirtschaftsvertreter einen überproportionalen Einfluss ausüben. Die City of London gliedert sich in 25 Wards. Innerhalb der City befinden sich zwei rechtlich eigenständige Enklaven, der Inner Temple und der Middle Temple neben den Royal Courts of Justice. Sie sind zwar Teil der zeremoniellen Grafschaft, werden jedoch nicht von der Corporation verwaltet. Die City of London Corporation ist im Besitz zahlreicher Parks und Wälder in und um London. Dazu gehören Hampstead Heath und der größte Teil von...

    Die City of London besitzt seit 886 das Recht zur Selbstverwaltung, als König Alfred der Große seinen Schwiegersohn Æthelred zum Gouverneur von London ernannte. Alfred sorgte dafür, dass die Händler aus Nordwesteuropa über genügend Unterkünfte verfügten. Dieses Angebot wurde später auf Händler aus dem Ostseeraum und Italien ausgedehnt. In der City entwickelte sich ein eigenes Rechtssystem für die Händler. Im 10. Jahrhundert gewährte König Æthelstan der City das Recht, acht Münzprägestätten zu betreiben. Dies war ein Zeichen besonderen Wohlstands, denn Winchester, die damalige Hauptstadt Englands, besaß lediglich sechs Münzprägestätten. Nach der Schlacht bei Hastings im Jahr 1066 marschierte die Armee von Wilhelm dem Eroberer nach Southwark, konnte aber weder die London Bridge besetzen noch die Stadt erobern. Nach der Plünderung der umliegenden Gebiete durch die Normannen kapitulierte der angelsächsische Adel in Berkhamsted. Wilhelm belohnte die Standhaftigkeit der Londoner und erkan...

    Die Bevölkerung setzt sich aus 78,5 % Weißen (57,5 % Briten, 2,4 % Iren, 18,6 % andere Weiße), 12,7 % Asiaten (2,9 % Inder, 0,2 % Pakistaner, 3,1 % Bangladescher, 3,6 % Chinesen, 2,9 % andere Asiaten), 3,9 % Schwarzen (1,3 % Afrikaner, 0,6 % Karibiker, 0,7 % andere Schwarze), 0,9 % Araber, und 3,9 % Gemischten zusammen.

    Peter Mansfeld (Fotos: Adam Reiser): Die magische Meile. In: Geo-Magazin. Hamburg 1978,8, S. 98–120. (Informativer Erlebnisbericht über die "City of London") ISSN 0342-8311

    Martin Parr; What really goes on inside the City of London? (Memento vom 19. Februar 2016 im Internet Archive) The Guardian, 19. Februar 2016
    ↑ Mid 2019 Estimates of the population for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland
    ↑ Finanzplatz City of London – Die Macht der Quadratmeile, WOZ Nr. 11/2012 vom 15. März 2012
    ↑ The City and London Borough Boundaries Order 1993
    ↑ http://news.efinancialcareers.com/de-de/138438/wie-londoner-banker-den-tod-margaret-thatchers-betrauern/
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