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  1. View of McGraw Tower with Uris Library, Morrill Hall, and Cayuga Lake. Cornell University is a private Ivy League and statutory land-grant research university, based in Ithaca, New York. Founded in 1865 by Ezra Cornell and Andrew Dickson White, Cornell was founded with the intention to teach and make contributions in all fields of knowledge ...

    • Small City, 4,800 acres (19 km²)
    • 1874
    • 25,593 (Fall 2021)
    • Touchdown the Bear (unofficial)
  2. La Universidad Cornell fue fundada el 27 de abril de 1865 bajo un proyecto de ley del Senado por el cual el Estado de Nueva York realizaba una concesión de tierras a la universidad. El senador Ezra Cornell ofreció su granja en Ithaca como sede y US$ 500.000 dólares de su patrimonio personal como dotación inicial.

    • Big Red
    • 1865
    • Colleges
    • Research
    • Notes

    Cornell is divided into colleges. Each operates independently and has its own faculty and admission process: The "statutory" or "contract" colleges (which receive direct funding from the New York state government) have "New York State" in their name. Residents of New York who are enrolled in these colleges pay less tuition than other students at th...

    Cornell, a research university, produces the fourth largest number of graduates in the world who go on to pursue PhDs in engineering or the natural sciences at American institutions. It is also fifth in the world in producing graduates who pursue PhDs at American institutions in any field. Research is a central element of Cornell's mission. In 2009...

    • 1865
    • $5.28 billion
    • Precursors
    • Founders
    • Conception
    • Establishment
    • Opening
    • Coeducation
    • Nonsectarianism and Religion on Campus
    • Infrastructure Innovations
    • Giving and Alumni Involvement
    • Support from New York State

    The first person to conceive of a single great university for the state of New York, a generation before Cornell, was the visionary, abolitionist, and philanthropist Gerrit Smith, from very much Upstate Peterboro. When the initial meeting of the very unpopular New York State Anti-Slavery Societywas driven out of Utica (Oneida County) by the Mayor, ...

    As newly elected members of the state senate, Cornell chaired the Committee of Agriculture, and White was the chair of the Committee of Literature, which dealt with educational matters. Hence, both chaired committees with jurisdiction over bills allocating the land grant, which was to be used for instruction in "without excluding other scientific a...

    White had been duly impressed by a bill introduced by Cornell in one of his first actions as a state senator: the incorporation of a large public library for Ithaca for which Cornell had donated $100,000. White was struck by not only his generosity, but also "his breadth of mind". He wrote: Yet, Cornell and White soon found themselves on opposite s...

    On February 7, 1865, Andrew D. White introduced an act to the State Senate "to establish the Cornell University", which appropriated the full income of the sale of lands given to New York under the Morrill Act to the university. But, while Cornell and White had come to an agreement, they faced fierce opposition, including from the People's College ...

    The university's Inauguration Day took place on October 7, 1868.The previous day, each of the candidates who showed up in Ithaca was given an entrance examination. There were 412 successful applicants; with this initial enrollment, Cornell's first class was, at the time, the largest entering class at an American university. On the occasion, Ezra Co...

    Background

    In the mid 19th century, coeducation was still a new and controversial idea. Most colleges were exclusively male, and several women's colleges had been founded as a response. But prior to Cornell's charter in 1865, few colleges were devoted to coeducation. (It is worth noting that coeducation did not catch on broadly with elite northeastern schools, including other Ivy League schools, until the 1960s) Oberlin College and University of Michiganwere two coeducational colleges which predated Cor...

    Sage College

    Henry W. Sage, local businessman and philanthropist, was an advocate for coeducation and promised to donate a sum of $250,000 on the condition that Cornell admit women on equal footing as men.: 74 This financial incentive, together with the support of both Cornell and White, led the trustees to formally vote to admit women starting April 1872.: 74 This decision caused Goldwin Smith, Cornell's most illustrious professor, to resign; Smith was convinced that admitting women would destroy Cornell...

    Early growth

    As women entered the university, the university made accommodations for them. In 1884, Henry Sage endowed several of the first scholarships in the nation earmarked especially for women.: 86 In 1885, Cornell established a course in social work, a field seen as suited to women's academic interests.: 87 In 1900, a correspondence course for farmer's wives was begun by Martha Van Rensselaer, which evolved into the College of Home Economics, later the College of Human Ecology. In 1895, a study was...

    Up until the time of Cornell's founding, most prominent American colleges had ties to religious denominations. Cornell was founded as a non-sectarian school, but had to compete with church-sponsored institutions for gaining New York's land-grant status. A.D. White noted in his inaugural address, "We will labor to make this a Christian institution, ...

    Between 1872 and 1875, the university's first professor of physics William Arnold Anthony and student George S Moler (later, a professor at Cornell) installed two electric arc lamps on campus, one of which was in the Sage Chapel tower. The set-up represented many firsts, the first dynamo and outdoor electric lighting in the United States, and the w...

    The first endowed chair at Cornell was the Professorship of Hebrew and Oriental Literature and History donated by New York City financier Joseph Seligman in 1874, with the proviso that he (Seligman) would nominate the chairholder; and following his wishes, Dr. Felix Adler (Society for Ethical Culture), was appointed. After two years, Professor Adle...

    Under the Morrill Act, states were obligated to fund the maintenance of land grant college facilities, but were not obligated to fund operations. Subsequent laws required states to match federal funds for agricultural research stations and cooperative extension. In his inaugural address as Cornell's third president on November 11, 1892, Jacob Gould...

    • Geschichte und Gegenwart
    • Organisation
    • Zahlen zu Den Studierenden
    • Persönlichkeiten
    • Sonstiges
    • Weblinks
    • Einzelnachweise

    Die Gründung erfolgte 1865 von Ezra Cornell, einem Geschäftsmann und Pionier der Telekommunikationsindustrie, und Andrew Dickson White, einem bekannten Gelehrten und Politiker. Das 1865 von Ezra Cornell formulierte Motto der Hochschule ist „I would found an institution where any person can find instruction in any study“ („Ich wollte eine Institutio...

    Undergraduate Colleges und Schools

    1. Architektur, Kunst und Planung 2. Hotelverwaltung 3. Human Ecology 4. Industrie- und Arbeitsbeziehungen 5. Ingenieurwissenschaften 6. Künste und Wissenschaften 7. Landwirtschaft und Life Sciences

    Graduate Colleges und Schools

    1. Medizin (Weill Medical College of Cornell University in New York Citygelegen) 2. Medizin (auf dem Campus in Katar) 3. Medizinwissenschaften (Weill Graduate School of Medical Sciences) 4. Rechtswissenschaften (Hauptcampus Ithaca (J.D. sowie LL.M.); Cornell Tech in New York City (LL.M.)) 5. Tiermedizin 6. Wirtschaftswissenschaften (Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management) 7. Graduate School 8. School of Civil and Environmental Engineering

    Sonstige Einrichtungen

    1. Das 1915 gegründete Cornell Lab of Ornithology ist eine international profilierte Non-Profit-Einrichtung der ornithologischen Forschung und des Vogelschutzes mit vielen über Nordamerika verteilten Webcams zur Vogelbeobachtung und 78.000 registrierten Unterstützern. Mit dem Labor verbunden ist die Macaulay Library (Macaulay-Bibliothek). 2. Der Cornell-Elektron-Positron-Speicher-Ring (CESR) auf dem Campus ist ein Elektron-Positron-Collider mit der Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHES...

    Im Herbst 2021 waren 25.582 Studierende an der Universität. Davon strebten 15.503 (60,6 %) ihren ersten Studienabschluss an, sie waren also undergraduates. Von diesen waren 54 % weiblich und 46 % männlich. 7.101 (27,8 %) arbeiteten auf einen weiteren Abschluss hin, sie waren graduatesund weitere 2.978 waren Fachstudenten. 2015 waren 21.904 Studiere...

    1907/8 unternahmen drei Universitätsangehörige die Cornell Expedition to Asia Minor and the Assyro-Babylonian Orient. Die Cornell University ist der Schauplatz des Romans Fool on the Hill von Matt Ruff. Zudem wurde der Film Der Volltreffer unter anderem auf dem Campus der Cornell University gedreht. Die Cornell Plantations, ein botanischer Garten, ...

    „A World-Famous Architect Goes Home to Cornell“, New York Times, 19. September 2006 (englisch)
    ↑ Office of Web Communications, Cornell University: Meet the President. In: Office of the President. Cornell University,abgerufen am 5. Januar 2022(englisch).
    ↑ a b c d e f University Facts. In: Cornell University > About. Cornell University, Ithaca, 2021,abgerufen am 5. Januar 2022(englisch).
    ↑ a b College Navigator – Cornell University. In: Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System > College Navigator > Cornell University. National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), U.S. Depa...
    ↑ Historic Endowment Study Data – 2020 Total Market Values. In: NACUBO-TIAA Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers NACUBO®, 2021,abgerufen am 5. Dezem...
  3. De Cornell-universiteit ( Cornell University ) is een universiteit in het Amerikaanse Ithaca (New York). De universiteit behoort tot de Ivy League en geldt als een elite-universiteit. Ze wordt met regelmaat gerangschikt tussen de 15 beste universiteiten ter wereld, in 2010 stond ze als 14e in de Times Higher Education World University Rankings.