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  1. Edward George Geoffrey Smith-Stanley, 14º conde de Derby, KG, GCMG, PC (29 de marzo de 1799 - 23 de octubre de 1869), fue un político inglés, tres veces Primer Ministro del Reino Unido, y hasta la fecha, el miembro que más ha durado como líder del Partido Conservador británico.

    • Edward Smith-Stanley, Earl of Derby
    • John Russell
  2. Edward George Geoffrey Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, KG GCMG PC PC (Ire) (29 March 1799 – 23 October 1869, known before 1834 as Edward Stanley, and from 1834 to 1851 as Lord Stanley) was a British statesman, three-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and, to date, the longest-serving leader of the Conservative Party.

    • British
    • Whig (before 1841)
    • Overview
    • Background and education
    • Political career
    • Horse racing
    • Cockfighting and gamefowl
    • Family

    Edward Smith-Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby PC, usually styled Lord Stanley from 1771 to 1776, was a British peer and politician of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. He held office as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in 1783 in the Fox–North coalition and between 1806 and 1807 in the Ministry of All the Talents.

    Derby was the son of James Smith-Stanley, Lord Strange, son of Edward Stanley, 11th Earl of Derby. His mother was Lucy Smith, a daughter and co-heiress of Hugh Smith of Weald Hall, Essex. His father had assumed the additional surname and arms of Smith by private Act of Parliament in 1747. Derby entered Eton College in 1764, proceeding to Trinity College, Cambridge in 1771.

    Derby was returned to Parliament as one of two representatives for Lancashire in 1774, a seat he held until 1776, when he succeeded his grandfather in the earldom and entered the House of Lords. He served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster between April and December 1783 in the Fox-North Coalition headed by the Duke of Portland and was sworn into the Privy Council the same year. He remained out of office for the next 23 years but was once again Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster between 1

    At a dinner party in 1778 held on his estate "The Oaks" in Carshalton, Lord Derby and his friends planned a sweepstake horse race, won the following year by Derby's own horse, Bridget. The race, The Oaks, has been named after the estate since. At a celebration after Bridget's win, a similar race for colts was proposed and Derby tossed a coin with Sir Charles Bunbury for the honour of naming the race. Derby won, and the race became known as the Derby Stakes. Bunbury won the initial race in 1780 w

    Lord Derby's love for racing was surpassed only by his passion for gamefowl and cockfighting. As a game fowl breeder, Derby is said to have influenced contemporarys by proving that systematic breeding could be combined with a learned familiarity of one's fowl through daily, attentive care, to increase success. During his lifetime, Lord Derby established a family of gamefowl, which would remain popular for nearly 300 years after his death. Derby built a cockpit in Preston at his own expense, and

    Lord Derby married Lady Elizabeth, daughter of James Hamilton, 6th Duke of Hamilton, on 23 June 1774. She bore him three children, being

  3. Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby (21 April 1775 – 30 June 1851), KG, of Knowsley Hall in Lancashire (styled Lord Stanley from 1776 to 1832, known as Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe from 1832-4), was a politician, peer, landowner, builder, farmer, art collector and naturalist.

    • Background and Education
    • Early Political Career, 1822–52
    • Premierships, 1852–69
    • Family
    • Legacy
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Stanley was born to Lord Stanley (later the 13th Earl of Derby) and his wife, Charlotte Margaret (née Hornby), the daughter of the Reverend Geoffrey Hornby. The Stanleys were a long-established and very wealthy landowning family whose principal residence was Knowsley Hallin Lancashire. He was perhaps the richest prime minister ever. The family estates were based on 57,000 acres in Lancashire, were worth at least £163,000 per annum in 1883. Stanley was educated at Eton College and at Christ Church, Oxford. Inspired by his grandfather, Stanley was devoted to traditional institutions and the sacrosanctity of property rights. From his mother, Stanley adopted a deep evangelical streak that typically influenced his decisions.

    In 1822 Edward Stanley, as he was then, was elected to Parliament in the rotten borough of Stockbridge (see Stockbridge (UK Parliament constituency)) as a Whig, the traditional party of his family. In 1824, however, he alienated some of his Whig colleagues by voting against Joseph Hume's motion for an investigation into the established Protestant Church of Ireland. He lost his seat in 1826. When the Whigs returned to power in 1830, Stanley became Chief Secretary for Ireland in Lord Grey's Government, and entered the Cabinet in 1831. As Chief Secretary Stanley pursued a series of coercive measures which frequently brought him into conflict with the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Lord Anglesey. In October 1831, Stanley wrote a letter, the Stanley Letter, to the Duke of Leinster establishing the system of National Education in Ireland. This letter remains today the legal basis for the predominant form of primary education in Ireland.[citation needed] In 1833, Stanley moved up to the more...

    He is the only modern era prime minister who never enjoyed a parliamentary majority. In his private diary, the Earl of Malmesburyin 1857 commented on Derby's failure to exploit the press:

    Stanley married The Hon. Emma Bootle-Wilbraham, the second daughter of Edward Bootle-Wilbraham, on 31 May 1825. He left three children: Stanley's ancestors were Kings of Man from 1405 and later Lords of Man. Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby famously switched sides at the Battle of Bosworth and placed the crown of the fallen King Richard III upon the head of Henry Tudor.

    Historian David Cannadine argues: Historian Frances Walsh has written: The National School system in Ireland, the predominant form of primary school education, remains based on the multi-denominational system set up by Stanley in the Stanley Letter.The letter had tried to deal with the seemingly intractable issue of different Christian religions living together in Ireland. The former site of Fort Langley, British Columbia was renamed Derby by the Royal Engineers in 1858, apparently in honour of the Earl, who was British Prime Minister at the time. Stanley (sometimes referred to as "Port Stanley") on East Falkland, capital of the Falkland Islands, is named after Edward Smith-Stanley as are Port Stanley in Ontario, Canada, as well as the area Stanley in Hong Kong. Stanley was Prime Minister when Queen Victoria opened Wellington College, in Berkshire, a tribute to the Duke of Wellington, where the boarding house Stanley is named after him. The county of Stanley in Queensland, Australia...

    Blake, Robert "The 14th Earl of Derby" History Today(Dec 1955) 5#12 pp 850-859.
    Foster, R. E. "A Life In The Political Centre: The 14Th Earl Of Derby." History Review64 (2009): 1-6.
    Hawkins, Angus. "Lord Derby and Victorian Conservatism: a Reappraisal." Parliamentary History6.2 (1987): 280–301.
    Hawkins, Angus (2007). The Forgotten Prime Minister – The 14th Earl of Derby Volume I Ascent: 1799–1851. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199204403. online review of Hawkins vol 1
    Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Derby
    Works by Edward George Geoffrey Smith Stanley at Project Gutenberg
    Works by or about Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby at Internet Archive
  4. Edward Smith-Stanley, Lord Stanley ( 21 de abril 1775 – 30 de junio 1851), 13er. conde de Derby, fue un político, terrateniente, agricultor, coleccionista de arte y naturalista británico

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