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  1. Edward VIII - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Edward_VIII

    Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire and Emperor of India from 20 January 1936 until his abdication in December of the same year.

  2. Eduardo VIII del Reino Unido - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

    es.wikipedia.org › wiki › Eduardo_VIII_del_Reino_Unido

    Eduardo VIII del Reino Unido (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David), después conocido como duque de Windsor (Londres, 23 de junio de 1894-París, 28 de mayo de 1972), fue rey del Reino Unido y los dominios de la Mancomunidad Británica y emperador de la India, desde la muerte de su padre el rey Jorge V el 20 de enero de 1936 hasta su abdicación el 11 de diciembre del mismo año.

    • Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David
    • Jorge V
  3. Edward VIII - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Edward_VIII
    • Early Life
    • Reign
    • Duke of Windsor and Later Life
    • Titles and Styles

    Edward, commonly known as David, was born as the first son of the Prince and Princess of Wales, (later King George V and Queen Mary). As a young man he disliked his royal duties, but he possessed charisma and was popular with the British people. Edward was officially invested as Prince of Wales in a ceremony at Caernarvon Castle on 13 July 1911 and was even tutored by furture Prime Minister David Lloyd George to speak a few words of Welsh. At the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, Edward, age twenty was keen to participate. He witnessed trench warfare at first-hand and attempted to visit the front line as often as possible, although he did not experience as much hardship and misery as ordinary British soldiers. Edward undertook a military flight in 1918 and gained a pilot's licence later. Throughout the 1920s Edward represented his father, King George V, at home and abroad on many occasions. His popularity was at its greatest peak within this decade and gained him much public...

    After months of ill health, King George V died on 20 January 1936, and Edward became King Edward VIII. He watched the announcement of his new role from a window of St James's Palace with Wallis Simpson. After only a few weeks, Edward began to cause unease in government circles with actions that were seen as too political. He did not work hard as King and was not careful about important state papers. Far from working, in August and September, Edward and his lover Wallis Simpson simply sailed around the Mediterranean on a luxury steam yacht. On 16 November 1936, Edward invited British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin to Buckingham Palace and expressed his plans to marry Wallis Simpson after her divorce. Baldwin was unhappy about this and informed him that his subjects would see it as morally unacceptable, because remarriage after divorce was opposed by the Church of England, and the people did not like Wallis. Edward knew that the government and Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin would resi...

    After his abdication, he was given the title Duke of Windsor. He married Simpson in France on 3 June 1937. His brother and mother did not attend the ceremony. Many people became alarmed with what they thought was Edward's pro German stance. Some even said that he favoured German fascism. Hitler considered Edward to be friendly towards Nazi Germany. Even in the 1960s, Edward privately said to a friend, Lord Kinross, "I never thought Hitler was such a bad chap". The Duke and Duchess visited Nazi Germany, against the advice of the British government, and they met Adolf Hitlerat his private retreat. During the visit, the Duke gave full Nazi salutes, causing anger in Britain. At the start of the Second World War, the Nazis plotted to persuade the Duke to support the Nazi effort and planned to kidnap him. Lord Caldecote warned Winston Churchill that "[the Duke] is well-known to be pro-Nazi and he may become a centre of intrigue". More problems arose when Edward gave a "defeatist" intervie...

    23 June 1894 – 28 May 1898: His HighnessPrince Edward of York
    28 May 1898 – 22 January 1901: His Royal HighnessPrince Edward of York
    22 January – 9 November 1901: His Royal HighnessPrince Edward of Cornwall and York
    9 November 1901 – 6 May 1910: His Royal HighnessPrince Edward of Wales
    • 20 January 1936 – 11 December 1936
    • George V
  4. Edward VIII - Wikipedia

    sco.wikipedia.org › wiki › Edward_VIII

    Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; later The Duke o Windsor; 23 Juin 1894 – 28 Mey 1972) wis Keeng o the Unitit Kinrick an the Dominions o the Breetish Commonweel, an Emperor o Indie, frae 20 Januar tae 11 December 1936. Edward wis the eldest son o Keeng George V an Queen Mary.

    • 20 Januar 1936 – 11 December 1936
    • See leet
  5. Abdication of Edward VIII - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Abdication_of_Edward_VIII
    • Overview
    • Prelude
    • Opposition
    • Options considered
    • Legal manoeuvres
    • Abdication

    In 1936 a constitutional crisis in the British Empire arose when King-Emperor Edward VIII proposed to marry Wallis Simpson, an American socialite who was divorced from her first husband and was pursuing the divorce of her second. The marriage was opposed by the governments of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth. Religious, legal, political, and moral objections were raised. As the British monarch, Edward was the nominal head of the Church of England, which did not al

    Edward had been introduced to Wallis Simpson, an American citizen and wife of British shipping executive Ernest Aldrich Simpson, by Lady Furness on 10 January 1931, when Edward was Prince of Wales. Ernest Simpson was Wallis's second husband; her first marriage, to U.S. Navy pilot Win Spencer, had ended in divorce in 1927. It is generally accepted that Wallis Simpson and Edward became lovers in 1934, while Lady Furness was visiting relatives in the United States. However, Edward adamantly insiste

    Opposition to the King and his marriage came from several directions. Edward's desire to modernise the monarchy and make it more accessible, though appreciated by many of the public, was distrusted by the British Establishment. Edward upset the aristocracy by treating their traditions and ceremonies with disdain, and many were offended by his abandonment of accepted social norms and mores.

    As a result of these rumours and arguments, the belief strengthened among the British establishment that Simpson could not become a royal consort. British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin explicitly advised Edward that the majority of people would be opposed to his marrying Simpson, indicating that if he did, in direct contravention of his ministers' advice, the government would resign en masse. The King responded, according to his own account later: "I intend to marry Mrs Simpson as soon as she i

    Following Simpson's divorce hearing on 27 October 1936, her solicitor, John Theodore Goddard, became concerned that there would be a "patriotic" citizen's intervention, and that such an intervention would be successful. The courts could not grant a collaborative divorce, and so the case was being handled as if it were an undefended at-fault divorce brought against Ernest Simpson, with Wallis Simpson as the innocent, injured party. The divorce action would fail if the citizen's intervention showe

    At Fort Belvedere, on 10 December, Edward signed his written abdication notices, witnessed by his three younger brothers: Prince Albert, Duke of York; Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester; and Prince George, Duke of Kent. The following day, it was given effect by Act of Parliament: His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936. Under changes introduced in 1931 by the Statute of Westminster, a single Crown for the entire empire had been replaced by multiple crowns, one for each Dominion, worn by a

  6. Crisis por la abdicación de Eduardo VIII - Wikipedia, la ...

    es.wikipedia.org › wiki › Crisis_por_la_abdicación
    • Eduardo Y Wallis Simpson
    • Opciones consideradas
    • Maniobras Legales
    • Abdicación
    • Duque Y Duquesa de Windsor
    • Notas
    • Enlaces Externos

    Jorge V del Reino Unido murió el 20 de enero de 1936 y su hijo mayor le sucedió como Eduardo VIII. Este último era soltero, pero durante los últimos años se hacía acompañar en los eventos sociales privados por Wallis Simpson, la esposa estadounidense de Ernest Aldrich Simpson, un ejecutivo de transporte marítimo. El señor Simpson era el segundo marido de Wallis; su primer matrimonio con Win Spencer, un piloto de la Marina de los Estados Unidos, había terminado en divorcio en 1927. Durante 1936, la señora Simpson asistió a muchos eventos oficiales como invitada del rey, pero aunque su nombre apareció regularmente en la circular de la corte, el nombre de su marido brilló por su ausencia.[1]​ En el verano de ese año, Eduardo evitó la tradicional y prolongada estancia en Balmoral y optó en su lugar por pasar las vacaciones con Wallis Simpson en el Mediterráneo oriental a bordo del yate de vapor Nahlin. La prensa americana y la europea cubrieron ampliamente el crucero, pero la prensa bri...

    Como resultado de estos rumores y argumentos, dentro del establishment británico se reforzó la convicción de que Wallis no debía convertirse en consorte real. William Lyon Mackenzie King, primer ministro de Canadá, aconsejó a Eduardo que hiciera «lo que su corazón considerara correcto»;[45]​ en cambio, el resto de los miembros del gobierno canadiense le recomendó que no se casara y le instó a anteponer su deber como monarca a sus sentimientos por la señora Simpson.[46]​ Mientras tanto, Stanley Baldwin, primer ministro británico, le informó explícitamente que la gente se opondría a su matrimonio y señaló que si se casaba, en directa contravención al asesoramiento de sus ministros, el gobierno podría dimitir en masa. Según contaría más tarde, el rey respondió: «Voy a casarme con la señora Simpson tan pronto como sea libre [...] Si el gobierno se opone al matrimonio, como el primer ministro me ha dado motivos para creer que lo haría, entonces estaré preparado para irme».[47]​ Bajo la p...

    Después de la audiencia de divorcio de la señora Simpson el 27 de octubre de 1936, su abogado, John Theodore Goddard, estaba preocupado ante la posibilidad de una intervención «patriótica» de los ciudadanos —un recurso legal para bloquear el divorcio— y de que esa intervención resultara exitosa.[69]​ Los tribunales no podían conceder el divorcio colaborativo —una disolución del matrimonio por mutuo consentimiento—, por lo que el caso se manejó como si se tratara de un divorcio indefendible o necesario, por faltas cometidas en contra de Wallis Simpson, con ella como la parte inocente y afectada. La acción de divorcio no funcionaría si la intervención de los ciudadanos demostraba que la pareja se había confabulado, por ejemplo, realizando un montaje para aparentar el adulterio del marido y que así Wallis pudiera casarse con alguien más. El lunes 7 de diciembre de 1936, el rey escuchó que Goddard planeaba volar al sur de Francia para encontrarse con la señora Simpson, lo convocó a su p...

    El 10 de diciembre de 1936, en Fort Belvedere, Eduardo VIII redactó el documento donde notificaba su abdicación en presencia de sus tres hermanos menores: el príncipe Alberto, duque de York —que lo sucedió como Jorge VI—; el príncipe Enrique, duque de Gloucester; y el príncipe Jorge, duque de Kent. Al día siguiente se le dio forma legislativa por medio de una ley especial del parlamento —Ley de la Declaración de Abdicación de Su Majestad de 1936—.[73]​ Según los cambios que introdujo el Estatuto de Westminster en 1931, la corona única para todo el Imperio británico había sido reemplazada por coronas múltiples, una para cada dominio, utilizadas por un monarca único en una organización entonces conocida como la Mancomunidad Británica.[46]​ La abdicación requería del consentimiento de cada estado de la Mancomunidad, el que otorgaron debidamente el parlamento de Australia, que en ese momento estaba en sesión, y los gobiernos de los otros dominios, cuyos parlamentos estaban en receso.[46...

    El 12 de diciembre de 1936, Jorge VI le otorgó a su hermano mayor el título de duque de Windsor con el tratamiento de Su Alteza Real.[80]​ El 3 de mayo del año siguiente, el divorcio de la señora Simpson se hizo definitivo. El caso se manejó tranquilamente y apenas apareció en algunos periódicos. The Times, con especial disimulo, imprimió una sola frase debajo de un informe que aparentaba no tener relación, donde se anunciaba la salida de Austria del duque de Windsor.[81]​ Cuando Eduardo y Wallis Simpson contrajeron matrimonio el 3 de junio de 1937, ella se convirtió en la duquesa de Windsor. Sin embargo, para disgusto de Eduardo, el rey expidió una semana antes una patente donde negaba a Wallis el tratamiento de Su Alteza Real.[82]​ El duque de Windsor vivió retirado en Francia la mayor parte del resto de su vida. Su hermano le dio un subsidio libre de impuestos, que el duque complementó con las regalías por escribir sus memorias y el comercio ilegal de divisas.[83]​ También obtuvo...

    ↑ Eduardo firmó el documento en el que anunciaba la abdicación el 10 de diciembre de 1936 y se le dio forma legislativa al día siguiente. El parlamento de la Unión Sudafricana aprobó retroactivamen...
    ↑ Tres de los seis matrimonios de Enrique VIII fueron anulados, es decir, declarados nulos bajo derecho canónico. El matrimonio de Enrique con Catalina de Aragón se anuló debido a que fue considera...
    ↑ El gobierno del Estado libre irlandés aprovechó la oportunidad que la crisis le presentaba y, antes de aprobar la ley de abdicación, aprobó una enmienda a su constitución para eliminar cualquier...
    ↑ Antes de morir, Eduardo VI de Inglaterra estableció en sus «disposiciones de sucesión» que la corona sería para su prima Jane Grey, pasando por encima de sus medias hermanas María e Isabel. Tras...
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    Esta obra contiene una traducción total derivada de «Edward VIII abdication crisis» de la Wikipedia en inglés, publicada por sus editores bajo la Licencia de documentación libre de GNU y la Licenci...
  7. Wallis Simpson - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

    es.wikipedia.org › wiki › Wallis_Simpson
    • Primeros años
    • Primer Matrimonio
    • Segundo Matrimonio
    • Relación Con Eduardo, Príncipe de Gales
    • Crisis por La Abdicación
    • Tercer Matrimonio: Duquesa de Windsor
    • Segunda Guerra Mundial
    • Vida Posterior Y fallecimiento

    Bessie Wallis Warfield era hija única y nació en Square Cottage, en el Monterey Inn, un hotel ubicado al otro lado de la carretera frente al Monterey Country Club, en Blue Ridge Summit, Pensilvania, Estados Unidos.[4]​ Como centro vacacional veraniego situado cerca de la frontera entre Maryland y Pensilvania, Blue Ridge Summit era popular entre los miembros de la sociedad de Baltimore que deseaban escapar del calor de la temporada, y el Monterey Inn, que tenía un edificio central y también cabañas individuales, era el hotel más grande de la ciudad.[5]​[6]​[7]​[8]​[9]​ Su padre fue Teackle Wallis Warfield, el menor de los cinco hijos de Henry Mactier Warfield, comerciante de harina descrito como «uno de los más conocidos y personalmente uno de los más populares ciudadanos de Baltimore», que se postuló para alcalde en 1875.[10]​ Su madre era Alice Montague, hija de William Montague, un vendedor de seguros. En honor a su padre y a la hermana mayor de su madre, Wallis recibió el nombre...

    En mayo de 1916, durante la visita que hizo a su prima Corinne Mustin en Pensacola, Florida, Wallis conoció a Earl Winfield Spencer Jr., piloto de la Armada de los Estados Unidos.[19]​ Por esas fechas fue además testigo de dos accidentes de aviación con aproximadamente dos semanas de diferencia, lo que le causó un miedo permanente a volar.[20]​ El 8 de noviembre de 1916, la pareja se casó en la Iglesia Episcopal de Cristo en Baltimore, que había sido la parroquia de Wallis. Su marido era alcohólico, bebía incluso antes de volar y una vez se estrelló en el mar pero logró salir casi ileso.[21]​ Después de que Estados Unidos entrara en la Primera Guerra Mundial en 1917, Spencer fue enviado a San Diego como primer oficial al mando de una base de entrenamiento en Coronado, ahora conocida como Estación Aeronaval de North Island, donde permanecieron hasta 1920.[22]​ En 1920, Eduardo, príncipe de Gales, visitó San Diego, pero no conoció a Wallis en esa época.[23]​ Poco después, Spencer dejó...

    Para el momento en que se disolvió su matrimonio con Spencer, Wallis ya había ligado con Ernest Aldrich Simpson, un angloestadounidense ejecutivo de transporte marítimo y excapitán de la Guardia Coldstream.[34]​ Simpson se divorció de su primera esposa, Dorothea —con quien tuvo una hija llamada Audrey—, para casarse con Wallis Spencer el 21 de julio de 1928, en la Oficina de Registro de Chelsea, Londres.[4]​ Desde Cannes, donde se alojaba con sus amigos, el señor y la señora Rogers, Wallis le había telegrafiado que aceptaba su propuesta de matrimonio.[35]​ Los Simpson se instalaron temporalmente en una casa amueblada con cuatro criados en Mayfair.[36]​ En 1929, Wallis navegó de regreso a Estados Unidos para visitar a su madre enferma, que en ese momento estaba casada con Charles Gordon Allen. Durante el viaje, las inversiones de Wallis se esfumaron en el crack de Wall Street y su madre murió sin un centavo el 2 de noviembre de 1929. Wallis regresó a Inglaterra y como el negocio navi...

    En diciembre de 1933, mientras Lady Furness se encontraba en Nueva York, Wallis se convirtió al parecer en amante del príncipe. Eduardo lo negó ante su padre, a pesar de que su personal llegó a verlos juntos en la cama, así como a encontrar «prueba física de un acto sexual».[41]​ Wallis derrocó pronto a Lady Furness y distanció al príncipe de una antigua amante y confidente, la heredera angloestadounidense de textiles Freda Dudley Ward.[42]​ Para 1934, el príncipe estaba perdida e irremediablemente enamorado, encontraba atractivas sus maneras dominantes y la abrasiva irreverencia hacia su posición; en palabras de su biógrafo oficial, se convirtió en «servilmente dependiente» de ella.[24]​ De acuerdo con Wallis, fue durante un crucero en 1934 en el yate privado de Walter Guinness, primer barón de Moyne, llamado Rosaura, que ella se enamoró de Eduardo.[43]​ En una velada en el palacio de Buckingham, el príncipe la presentó a su madre, lo que causó la indignación de su padre,[44]​ prin...

    Jorge V murió el 20 de enero de 1936 y el príncipe de Gales subió al trono como Eduardo VIII. Al día siguiente rompió el protocolo real cuando observó la proclamación de su ascenso al trono desde una ventana del palacio de St James en compañía de Wallis, que a la sazón permanecía casada.[53]​ Cada vez era más evidente para la corte y los círculos gubernamentales que Eduardo tenía la intención de casarse con ella.[54]​[55]​ El comportamiento del rey y su relación con Wallis le volvió impopular con el Partido Conservador —que en ese momento dirigía el gobierno británico— y angustiaba a su madre y su hermano.[56]​ A pesar de que los medios británicos en la época de preguerra se mantenían respetuosos para con la monarquía y no se publicaban historias sobre el romance en la prensa nacional, los medios de comunicación extranjeros informaron ampliamente de la relación.[57]​ El monarca del Reino Unido es también el gobernador supremo de la iglesia de Inglaterra y al momento de la propuesta...

    Un mes más tarde, el 3 de junio de 1937, Wallis y Eduardo se casaron en el castillo de Candé,[72]​ que les había prestado Charles Bedaux, quien más tarde trabajó activamente en favor de la Alemania nazi en la Segunda Guerra Mundial.[73]​ La fecha coincidía con el que hubiera sido el 72 cumpleaños del rey Jorge V; la reina María pensó que la boda fue programada en esa fecha como un desaire deliberado.[74]​ No asistió ningún miembro de la familia real británica. Eduardo fue nombrado duque de Windsor por su hermano, Jorge VI; sin embargo, la patente real aprobada por el nuevo rey y apoyada por unanimidad por los gobiernos de los dominios,[75]​ impedía a Wallis, ahora duquesa de Windsor, usar el tratamiento de Su Alteza Real. El rey tenía la firme idea de que Wallis no debía recibir un tratamiento real y esta opinión era compartida por su madre, la reina María, y por su esposa, la reina Isabel —más tarde la reina madre—.[76]​ Al principio, la familia real no aceptó a la duquesa ni la re...

    Tras el estallido de la guerra en 1939, a Eduardo se le asignó un puesto militar en el ejército británico destinado en Francia. Según el hijo de William Edmund Ironside, primer barón de Ironside, Wallis siguió recibiendo a sus amigos relacionados con el movimiento fascista y les filtró detalles de las defensas francesas y belgas que obtenía del duque.[89]​ Cuando los alemanes invadieron el norte de Francia y bombardearon Gran Bretaña en mayo de 1940, la duquesa le dijo a un periodista estadounidense: «no puedo decir que siento lástima por ellos».[90]​ Como las tropas alemanas avanzaban, los duques huyeron de su casa en París en dirección al sur, primero a Biarritz y luego en junio a España. Allí, Wallis le dijo al embajador de Estados Unidos, Alexander W. Weddell, que Francia había perdido porque estaba «internamente enferma».[91]​ En julio la pareja se mudó a Lisboa, Portugal, donde se alojaron en la casa de Ricardo Espirito Santo Silva, un banquero que era sospechoso de ser agente...

    En 1946, Wallis se alojaba en Ednam Lodge, la casa del conde de Dudley, cuando algunas de sus joyas fueron robadas. Hubo rumores de que el robo había sido planeado por la familia real británica, en un intento por recuperar las joyas que Eduardo había tomado de la Royal Collection, o por los propios duques de Windsor, como parte de un fraude contra la aseguradora, ya que el año siguiente la pareja realizó un gran depósito de piedras sueltas en Cartier. Sin embargo, en 1960, Richard Dunphie confesó el delito. Las piezas robadas eran solo una pequeña parte de las joyas de los Windsor que habían sido compradas de forma privada, heredadas por el duque o que le fueron regaladas cuando era príncipe de Gales.[99]​ Eduardo volvió a Inglaterra en febrero de 1952 para asistir al funeral de Jorge VI. Wallis no quiso acompañarle; en su estancia previa en Londres, el mes de octubre anterior, le había dicho a su marido: «Odio este país. Seguiré odiándolo hasta la tumba».[100]​ Más tarde ese año, l...

  8. Wallis Simpson - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Wallis_Simpson
    • Early Life
    • First Marriage
    • Relationship with Edward, Prince of Wales
    • Abdication Crisis
    • Third Marriage: Duchess of Windsor
    • Second World War
    • Later Life
    • Widowhood
    • Death
    • Legacy

    An only child, Bessie Wallis (sometimes written "Bessiewallis") Warfield was born in Square Cottage at Monterey Inn, a hotel directly across the road from the Monterey Country Club, in Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania.A summer resort close to the Maryland–Pennsylvania border, Blue Ridge Summit was popular with Baltimoreans escaping the season's heat, and Monterey Inn, which had a central building as well as individual wooden cottages, was the town's largest hotel. Her father was Teackle Wallis Warfield, the fifth and youngest son of Henry Mactier Warfield, a flour merchant described as "one of the best known and personally one of the most popular citizens of Baltimore" who ran for mayor in 1875.Her mother was Alice Montague, a daughter of stockbroker William Latane Montague. Wallis was named in honour of her father (who was known as Wallis) and her mother's elder sister, Bessie (Mrs D. Buchanan Merryman), and was called Bessie Wallis until at some time during her youth the name Bessi...

    In April 1916, Wallis met Earl Winfield Spencer Jr., a U.S. Navy aviator, at Pensacola, Florida, while visiting her cousin Corinne Mustin. It was at this time that Wallis witnessed two airplane crashes about two weeks apart, resulting in a lifelong fear of flying. The couple married on 8 November 1916 at Christ Episcopal Church in Baltimore, which had been Wallis's parish. Win, as her husband was known, was a heavy drinker. He drank even before flying and once crashed into the sea, but escaped almost unharmed. After the United States entered the First World War in 1917, Spencer was posted to San Diego as the first commanding officer of a training base in Coronado, known as Naval Air Station North Island; they remained there until 1921. In 1920, Edward, the Prince of Wales, visited San Diego, but he and Wallis did not meet. Later that year, Spencer left his wife for a period of four months, but in the spring of 1921 they were reunited in Washington, D.C., where Spencer had been poste...

    In January 1934, while Lady Furness was away in New York City, Wallis allegedly became the Prince's mistress. Edward denied this to his father, despite his staff seeing them in bed together as well as "evidence of a physical sexual act". Wallis soon ousted Lady Furness, and the Prince distanced himself from a former lover and confidante, the Anglo-American textile heiress Freda Dudley Ward. By the end of 1934, Edward was irretrievably besotted with Wallis, finding her domineering manner and abrasive irreverence toward his position appealing; in the words of his official biographer, he became "slavishly dependent" on her. According to Wallis, it was during a cruise on Lord Moyne's private yacht Rosaura in August 1934 that she fell in love with Edward. At an evening party in Buckingham Palace, he introduced her to his mother; his father was outraged, primarily on account of her marital history, as divorced people were generally excluded from court. Edward showered Wallis with money an...

    On 20 January 1936, George V died at Sandringham and Edward ascended the throne as King Edward VIII. The next day, he broke royal protocol by watching the proclamation of his accession from a window of St James's Palace, in the company of the still-married Wallis. It was becoming apparent to Court and Government circles that the new king-emperor meant to marry her. The King's behaviour and his relationship with Wallis made him unpopular with the Conservative-led British government, as well as distressing his mother and his brother the Duke of York. The British media remained deferential to the monarchy, and no stories of the affair were reported in the domestic press, but foreign media widely reported their relationship.After the death of George V, before her divorce from her second husband, Wallis reportedly said, "Soon I shall be Queen of England". The monarch of the United Kingdom is Supreme Governor of the Church of England—at the time of the proposed marriage, and until 2002, t...

    Wallis and Edward married one month later on 3 June 1937 at the Château de Candé, lent to them by French millionaire Charles Bedaux. The date would have been King George V's 72nd birthday; Queen Mary thought the wedding had been scheduled for then as a deliberate slight. No member of Edward's family attended. Wallis wore a "Wallis blue" Mainbocher wedding dress. Edward presented her with an engagement ring that consisted of an emerald mount in yellow gold set with diamonds, and the sentence "We are ours now" was engraved on it. While the Church of England refused to sanction the wedding, Robert Anderson Jardine, Vicar of St Paul's, Darlington, offered to perform the service, an offer that was accepted by the couple. Guests included Randolph Churchill, Baron Eugène Daniel von Rothschild, and the best man, Major Fruity Metcalfe.The marriage produced no children. In November, Ernest Simpson married Mary Kirk. Edward was created Duke of Windsor by his brother King George VI prior to the...

    As the German troops advanced, the Duke and Duchess fled south from their Paris home, first to Biarritz then to Spain in June. She told United States ambassador to Spain Alexander W. Weddell that France had lost because it was "internally diseased". The Duke and Duchess moved to Portugal in July. They stayed in Cascais, at Casa de Santa Maria, the home of Ricardo do Espírito Santo e Silva, a banker who was suspected of being a German agent. In August 1940, the Duke and Duchess travelled by commercial liner to the Bahamas where he was installed as governor. Wallis performed her role as the governor's consort competently for five years; she worked actively for the Red Cross and in the improvement of infant welfare. However, she hated Nassau, calling it "our St Helena" in a reference to Napoleon's final place of exile. She was heavily criticised in the British press for her extravagant shopping in the United States, undertaken when Britain was enduring privations such as rationing and...

    In 1946, when the Duchess was staying at Ednam Lodge, the home of the Earl of Dudley, some of her jewels were stolen. There were rumours that the theft had been masterminded by the royal family as an attempt to regain jewels taken from the Royal Collection by the Duke, or by the Windsors themselves as part of an insurance fraud—they made a large deposit of loose stones at Cartierthe following year. However, in 1960, career criminal Richard Dunphie confessed to the crime. The stolen pieces were only a small portion of the Windsor jewels, which were either bought privately, inherited by the Duke, or given to the Duke when he was Prince of Wales. In 1952 they were offered the use of a house by the Paris municipal authorities. The couple lived at 4 route du Champ d'Entraînement in the Bois de Boulogne, near Neuilly-sur-Seine, for most of the remainder of their lives, essentially living a life of easy retirement. They travelled frequently between Europe and America aboard ocean liners. T...

    Upon the Duke's death from throat cancer in 1972, the Duchess travelled to the United Kingdom to attend his funeral, staying at Buckingham Palace during her visit. The Duchess became increasingly frail and eventually succumbed to dementia, living the final years of her life as a recluse, supported by both her husband's estate and an allowance from the Queen.She suffered several falls and broke her hip twice. After Edward's death, the Duchess's French lawyer, Suzanne Blum, assumed power of attorney. Blum sold items belonging to the Duchess to her own friends at lower than market value and was accused of exploiting her client in Caroline Blackwood's The Last of the Duchess, written in 1980 but not published until 1995, after Blum's death. Later, royal biographer Hugo Vickerscalled Blum a "Satanic figure ... wearing the mantle of good intention to disguise her inner malevolence". In 1980, the Duchess lost the power of speech.Towards the end, she was bedridden and did not receive any vi...

    The Duchess of Windsor died on 24 April 1986 at her home in the Bois de Boulogne, Paris, aged 89. Her funeral was held at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, attended by her two surviving sisters-in-law – the Queen Mother and Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester – and other members of the royal family. The Queen, the Duke of Edinburgh, and the Prince and Princess of Walesattended both the funeral ceremony and the burial. She was buried next to Edward in the Royal Burial Ground near Windsor Castle, as "Wallis, Duchess of Windsor". Prior to an agreement with Queen Elizabeth II in the 1960s, the Duke and Duchess had previously planned for a burial in a purchased cemetery plot at Green Mount Cemetery in Baltimore, where the Duchess's father was interred. In recognition of the help France gave to the Duke and Duchess in providing them with a home, and in lieu of death duties, the Duchess's collection of Louis XVI style furniture, some porcelain, and paintings were made over to the Frenc...

    Wallis was plagued by rumours of other lovers. Gay American playboy Jimmy Donahue, an heir to the Woolworth fortune, claimed to have had a liaison with her in the 1950s, but Donahue was notorious for his inventive pranks and rumour-mongering. Wallis's memoirs The Heart Has Its Reasons were published in 1956, and biographer Charles Higham said that "facts were remorselessly rearranged in what amounted to a self-performed face-lift". He describes the Duchess as "charismatic, electric and compulsively ambitious". Wallis and Edward spoke to Kenneth Harris for an extensive BBC television interview in 1970. Fictional depictions of the Duchess include the novel Famous Last Words (1981) by Canadian author Timothy Findley, which portrays her as a manipulative conspirator, and Rose Tremain's short story "The Darkness of Wallis Simpson" (2006), which depicts her more sympathetically in her final years of ill health. Hearsay and conjecture have clouded assessment of the Duchess of Windsor's lif...

  9. Category:Mistresses of Edward VIII - Wikipedia

    en.m.wikipedia.org › wiki › Category:Mistresses_of

    Pages in category "Mistresses of Edward VIII" The following 4 pages are in this category, out of 4 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().

  10. Scandalous Facts About Edward VIII, The King Who Lost His Crown

    www.factinate.com › people › 43-scandalous-facts

    Edward VIII: The Plot to Topple a King (2013), Channel 4 Television Corporation. 33. He Sacrificed Himself. Against all odds, Edward gave up his crown, officially signing the abdication papers on December 10, 1936. So just like his father King George V had predicted, Edward VIII hadn’t even made it a year as king.

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