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  1. Elizabeth II - Wikipedia › wiki › Elizabeth_II

    Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms.. Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth).

  2. Isabel II del Reino Unido - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre › wiki › Isabel_II_del_Reino_Unido

    Isabel II del Reino Unido (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; Londres, 21 de abril de 1926) es la actual monarca británica y, por tanto, soberana de dieciséis Estados independientes constituidos en reino y que forman parte de la Mancomunidad de Naciones: Reino Unido, Canadá, Australia, Nueva Zelanda, Jamaica, Barbados, Bahamas, Granada, Papúa Nueva Guinea, Islas Salomón, Tuvalu, Santa Lucía, San Vicente y las Granadinas, Belice, Antigua y Barbuda y San Cristóbal y Nieves.

    • Su Majestad
    • Véase Títulos
    • Isabel Alejandra María (en inglés: Elizabeth Alexandra Mary)
    • Jorge VI
  3. Elizabeth II - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › Elizabeth_II
    • Early Life
    • Marriage and Children
    • Succession
    • Life as Queen
    • The Queen as A Person
    • Jubilees
    • Titles and Styles
    • Further Reading
    • Other Websites

    Elizabeth was born in her grandparents' home at 17 Bruton street, Mayfair, London on 21 April 1926. Her father was Prince Albert, Duke of York, who later became George VI. His brother was the Prince of Wales. Her mother was Elizabeth, Duchess of York. Princess Elizabeth was the granddaughter of King George Vand Queen Mary. She was named after her mother. Her nickname was "Lilibet". Princess Elizabeth had one sister, Princess Margaret. Margaret was born in 1930. The two young princesses were taught at home. They had a governessnamed Marion Crawford. Princess Elizabeth was third in the line of succession to the British Throne. The first in line was her uncle, the Prince of Wales. The second in line was her father, the Duke of York. She was third in line. Elizabeth's grandfather, King George V, died in 1936. Her uncle became King Edward VIII. He was king only for a short time. He abdicated. His brother, Elizabeth's father the Duke of York, became King George VI. One day, Princess Eliza...

    Princess Elizabeth married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh on 20 November 1947. The wedding was held in Westminster Abbey. The couple lived mostly at Clarence House in London. The couple has four children; Charles, Prince of Wales was born 14 November 1948. Their second child is a daughter. She is Anne, Princess Royal. She was born 15 August 1950. The Royal couple had two more sons. Prince Andrew, Duke of York was born 19 February 1960. Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex was born 10 March 1964. The princes and princess sometimes use the name Mountbatten-Windsor. This is their official last name when they need one (royal families rarely use them). Prince Philip died on 9 April 2021 at Windsor Castle, aged 99.

    In 1951, the King's health was poor. He could not go to many public events. Princess Elizabeth started to make official visits for him. The King died on 6 February 1952. Elizabeth was crowned queen on 2 June 1953. The ceremony was held in Westminster Abbey. She wore a dress that was decorated with the national flowers of the countries of the Commonwealth.Many people bought TV sets to watch the event.

    In 1952, Her Majesty the Queen and Prince Philip moved into Buckingham Palacein central London. This is the main official home of the monarch. Her early years as Queen were spent traveling to many places. In 1953, the Queen and Prince Philip began an around the world tour in the Royal Yacht, Britannia. Their tour went for 6 months. She was the first reigning monarch to visit Australia, New Zealand and Fiji. In October 1957, she made an official visit to the United States. She spoke to the United Nations General Assembly. She toured Canada. She became the first monarch to open the nation's Parliament. The Queen likes to go to Canada. She calls Canada her "home away from home". In February 1961, she visited Turkey, India, Iran, Pakistan and Nepal for the first time. Since then, the Queen has made visits to most Commonwealth countries. She has also been to most European countries and many countries outside Europe. In 1991, she became the first British monarch to speak to a joint sessio...

    Faith and duty

    Elizabeth II, as the Monarch of the United Kingdom, is the "Supreme Governor" of the Church of England and sworn protector of the Church of Scotland. She is very interested in the Church of England, but the Archbishop of Canterburyruns the church. She rarely attends the yearly meeting of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. The Queen is deeply religious. In her Christmas Day television broadcast in 2000, she said: The Queen regularly goes to church wherever she is: at St. George's...


    The Queen has often shown courage, ever since she joined the military at 18. During a trip to Ghana in 1961, she was warned that it was dangerous to be near the President Kwame Nkrumah because people wanted to kill him. But she refused to stay away. The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Harold Macmillan, wrote that the Queen got very impatient with people if they tried to treat her like "a film star". In 1964, when the Queen was invited to Quebec, there were fears for her safety because t...

    Family relations

    Throughout her long reign, Queen Elizabeth II has been supported in her duties by her husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Prince Philip promised to help the Queen on the day of her Coronation. The Queen was also helped by her mother Queen Elizabeth, known as "The Queen Mother", who lived to be 101 years old, and stayed very active in her old-age. The Queen is the patron of many organisations and charities. She has many invitations and official duties. Many of the duties have been share...

    Silver Jubilee

    In 1977, the Queen celebrated her Silver Jubilee. This jubilee marked the 25th anniversary of her coming to the throne. There was a royal procession in the golden State Coach. A service of thanksgiving was held at St. Paul's Cathedral. Millions of people watched on television. There were parties across the UK. Five commemorative stamps were printed in honour of the event. The Jubilee line of the London Undergroundopened in 1979, named after the anniversary.

    Golden Jubilee

    In 2002, Elizabeth II celebrated Golden Jubilee. This jubilee marked the 50th anniversary of her coming to the throne. She toured the Commonwealth countries. There was a pop concert in the gardens of Buckingham Palace. A service of thanksgiving was held at St. Paul's Cathedral.

    Diamond wedding anniversary

    The Queen and Prince Philip celebrated their sixtieth (diamond) wedding anniversary on 19 November 2007, with a special service at Westminster Abbey. The night before, Prince Charles gave a private dinner party at Clarence Housefor twenty members of the Royal Family. On the following day, 20 November, the Queen and Prince Philip went on a visit to Malta, where they had stayed from 1949 to 1951 after getting married. A Royal Navyship, which was nearby, got its sailors to line up on deck to for...

    When someone is talking about the Queen, she is called "The Queen" or "Her Majesty". When someone is talking to her, she is called "Your Majesty". After the first time, the person talking to the Queen can say "Ma'am". It is pronounced "Marm". These are the titles that she has had: 1. 21 April 1926 – 11 December 1936: Her Royal HighnessPrincess Elizabeth of York 2. 11 December 1936 – 20 November 1947: Her Royal HighnessThe Princess Elizabeth 3. 20 November 1947 – 6 February 1952: Her Royal HighnessThe Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh 4. 6 February 1952 – present: Her Majesty The Queen The Queen has several coats of arms. In the UK, they are known as the "Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom". Every British monarch has used these arms since the reign of Queen Victoria. The coats of arms used in Scotland and Canadaare different to the arms used in England and Wales. Elizabeth II is: 1. Queen of Antigua and Barbuda 2. Queen of Australia 3. Queen of The Bahamas 4. Queen of Ba...

    Bond, J. (2002). Elizabeth. Reader's Digest Association. ISBN 0-7621-0369-8
    Erickson, C. (2003). Lilibet : An Intimate Portrait of Elizabeth II. St. Martins Press. ISBN 0-312-28734-8
    Pimlott, Ben (2002 - revised edition 2007) The Queen: Elizabeth II and the Monarchy. Harper Collins. ISBN 0-007-11436-2
    Waller, Maureen (2006) Sovereign Ladies: Sex, Sacrifice, and Power. The Six Reigning Queens of England. St. Martin's Press, New York. ISBN 0-312-33801-5
    • 6 February 1952 – present
    • George VI
  4. List of titles and honours of Elizabeth II - Wikipedia › wiki › List_of_titles_and_honours

    Wikipedia list article. The Royal Cypher of Elizabeth II, surmounted by St Edward's Crown. Elizabeth II (born 21 April 1926) has held numerous titles and honours, both during and before her time as monarch of each of her Commonwealth realms.

    Antigua and Barbuda
    1 November 1981 – 11 February 1982
    Elizabeth the Second, By the Grace of ...
    Antigua and Barbuda
    11 February 1982 – present
    Elizabeth the Second, By the Grace of ...
    The Bahamas
    10 July 1973 – 27 December 1973
    Elizabeth the Second, By the Grace of ...
    The Bahamas
    27 December 1973 – present
    Elizabeth the Second, By the Grace of ...
    • Your Majesty
  5. Isabel II de España - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre › wiki › Isabel_II_de_España
    • Biografía
    • títulos, Tratamientos Y Distinciones Honoríficas
    • Isabel II en La Ficción
    • Véase también
    • Bibliografía
    • Bibliografía Adicional
    • Enlaces Externos

    Minoría de edad

    La futura Isabel II era hija del rey Fernando VII y de su cuarta esposa, María Cristina de Borbón-Dos Sicilias. Su padre había estado casado anteriormente en tres ocasiones, pero ninguna de sus esposas le había dado descendencia que le pudiese suceder. En previsión de una eventual falta de descendencia directa masculina, el 29 de marzo de 1830, el rey Fernando VII, en detrimento de su hermano Carlos María Isidro, promulgó la Pragmática Sanción de 1830.[4]​[5]​[6]​ Esta Ley se limitó a publica...

    Matrimonio y descendencia

    Cuando Isabel II contaba con 16 años, el Gobierno arregló un matrimonio con su primo, el infante Francisco de Asís de Borbón, duque de Cádiz. Los cónyuges eran primos carnales por vía doble, pues el padre de él, el infante Francisco de Paula, era hermano de Fernando VII, mientras que su madre, Luisa Carlota de Borbón-Dos Sicilias, era hermana de la regente María Cristina. El matrimonio hizo aguas muy pronto, y nunca sería feliz. La boda de la Reina fue una cuestión de importancia nacional e i...


    Isabel II reinó durante un período de transición en España en el que la monarquía cedió más poder político al parlamento, pero puso continuas trabas a la participación de los ciudadanos en asuntos de gobierno. En el terreno de la lucha por las libertades democráticas su reinado fue un fracaso; también se falsearon las instituciones y se propagó la corrupción electoral. Ningún partido que hubiera organizado unas elecciones las perdió en ese periodo. Si hubo cambios fue por la interferencia de...

    Títulos y tratamientos

    1. 10 de octubre de 1830-13 de octubre de 1830: Su Alteza RealDoña Isabel de Borbón y Borbón, infanta de España 2. 13 de octubre de 1830-29 de septiembre de 1833: Su Alteza RealDoña Isabel de Borbón y Borbón, princesa de Asturias 3. 29 de septiembre de 1833-25 de junio de 1870: Su Majestad CatólicaDoña Isabel II, reina de España 4. 25 de junio de 1870-9 de abril de 1904: Su Majestadla reina Doña Isabel II Durante su reinado su título completo fue el siguiente: Su Majestad CatólicaDoña Isabel...

    Cine y televisión

    1. Vendaval (Orduña Films, 1949) (película). Juan de Orduña.[32]​ 2. Amistad (película). La reina es interpretada por Anna Paquin. 3. ¿Dónde vas, Alfonso XII? (película). La reina es interpretada por Mercedes Vecino. 4. ¿Dónde vas, triste de ti? (película). La reina es interpretada por María Fernanda Ladrón de Guevara. 5. OV7 (vídeo musical). En 2000 durante el vídeo musical de la canción "Shabadaba" de la banda mexicana OV7 sale el retrato de Isabel II al fondo en varias tomas, así como esta...


    1. Alfonso XII y la corona maldita (Altera, 2018) de Nieves Michavila, V Premio Hispania de Novela Histórica.[35]​ 1. La reina en el exilio (Edhasa, 2020) de Herminia Luque, Premio Edhasa Narrativas Históricas 2020 [36]​ 1. Bodas reales (1900) y La de los tristes destinos (1907), en Episodios nacionales, de Benito Pérez Galdós

    Carmen Llorca, Isabel II y su tiempo, Istmo. Madrid, 1983. ISBN 9788470901423
    José Luis Comellas, Isabel II. Una reina y un reinado, Ariel. Barcelona, 1999. ISBN 9788434466111
    Jorge Vilches, Isabel II. Imágenes de una reina, Síntesis, Madrid, 2007. ISBN 8497564650.
    Juan Sisinio Pérez Garzón, ed. (2004). Isabel II: los espejos de la reina. Marcial Pons. ISBN 9788495379764.
    Josep Fontana, La época del liberalismo, Crítica-Marcial Pons. Barcelona, 2007. ISBN 978-84-8432-876-6.
    Juan Francisco Fuentes, El fin del Antiguo Régimen (1808-1868). Política y sociedad, Síntesis. Madrid, 2007. ISBN 9788497565158.
    Candelaria Sáiz Pastos y Javier Vidal Olivares, El fin del Antiguo Régimen (1808-1868). Economía, Síntesis. Madrid, 1999. ISBN 9788477389132.
    Rafael Serrano García, El fin del Antiguo Régimen (1808-1868). Cultura y vida cotidiana, Síntesis. Madrid, 1999. ISBN 9788477389149.
  6. Royal Family Order of Elizabeth II - Wikipedia › wiki › Royal_Family_Order_of
    • Overview
    • Appearance
    • Gallery

    The Royal Family Order of Elizabeth II is an honour bestowed on female members of the British royal family by Queen Elizabeth II. The order is worn on formal occasions. The order should not be confused with the Mistress of the Robes badge of office worn by the Dowager Duchess of Grafton and previously by her predecessor as Mistress of the Robes, the Dowager Duchess of Devonshire.

    The Royal Family Order depicts a young Queen Elizabeth II in evening dress wearing the ribbon and star of the Order of the Garter. The miniature, painted on ivory, is bordered by diamonds and surmounted by a Tudor Crown in diamonds and red enamel. The reverse, in silver-gilt, is patterned with rays and depicts the royal cypher and St Edward's Crown in gold and enamel. The watered silk ribbon is chartreuse yellow and formed into a bow. It is worn pinned to the dress of the recipient on the left s

    HM Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother wearing her orders in a portrait.

  7. Jewels of Elizabeth II - Wikipedia › wiki › Elizabeth_II&
    • History
    • Ownership and Value
    • Tiaras
    • Earrings
    • Necklaces
    • Brooches
    • Parures
    • 1937 Coronets
    • See Also
    • Bibliography

    General history

    Unlike the Crown Jewels—which mainly date from the accession of Charles II—the jewels are not official regalia or insignia. Much of the collection was designed for queens regnant and queens consort, though some kings have added to the collection. Most of the jewellery was purchased from other European heads of state and members of the aristocracy, or handed down by older generations of the Royal family, often as birthday and wedding presents. In recent years, Elizabeth has worn them in her ca...

    The House of Hanover dispute

    In 1714, with the accession of George I, the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Hanover both came to be ruled in personal union by the House of Hanover. Early Hanoverian monarchs were careful to keep the heirlooms of the two realms separate. George III gave half the British heirlooms to his bride, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, as a wedding present. In her will, Charlotte left the jewels to the 'House of Hanover'. The Kingdom of Hanover followed the Salic Law, whereby the line of...

    Some pieces of jewellery made before the death of Queen Victoria in 1901 are regarded as heirlooms owned by the Queen in right of the Crown and pass from one monarch to the next in perpetuity. Objects made later, including official gifts, can also be added to that part of the Royal Collection at the sole discretion of a monarch.It is not possible to say how much the collection is worth because the jewels have a rich and unique history, and they are unlikely to be sold on the open market. In the early 20th century, five other lists of jewellery, which have also never been published, supplemented those left to the Crown by Queen Victoria: 1. Jewels left to the Crown by Her Majesty Queen Victoria 2. Jewels left by Her Majesty to His Majesty the King 3. Jewels left to His Majesty King Edward VIIby Her Majesty Queen Victoria, hereinafter to be considered as belonging to the Crown and to be worn by all future Queens in right of it 4. Jewels the property of His Majesty King George V 5. Jew...

    Delhi Durbar Tiara

    The Delhi Durbar Tiara was made by Garrard & Co. for Queen Mary, the wife of King George V, to wear at the Delhi Durbar in 1911. As the Crown Jewels never leave the country, George V had the Imperial Crown of India made to wear at the Durbar, and Queen Mary wore the tiara. It was part of a set of jewellery made for Queen Mary to use at the event which included a necklace, stomacher, brooch and earrings. Made of gold and platinum, the tiara is 8 cm (3 in) tall and has the form of a tall circle...

    Queen Mary Fringe Tiara

    This tiara, which can also be worn as a necklace, was made for Queen Mary in 1919. It is not, as has sometimes been claimed, made with diamonds that once belonged to George III, but reuses diamonds taken from a necklace/tiara purchased by Queen Victoria from Collingwood & Co. as a wedding present for Princess Mary in 1893. In August 1936, Mary gave the tiara to her daughter-in-law, Queen Elizabeth (later the Queen Mother). When Queen Elizabeth, consort of King George VI, first wore the tiara,...

    George III Fringe Tiara

    The George III Fringe Tiara is a circlet incorporating brilliant diamonds that were formerly owned by George III. Originally commissioned in 1830, the tiara has been worn by many queens consort. Originally, it could be worn as a collar or necklace or mounted on a wire to form the tiara. Queen Victoria wore it as a tiara during a visit to the Royal Opera in 1839. In Franz Xaver Winterhalter's painting The First of May, completed in 1851, Victoria can be seen wearing it as she holds Prince Arth...

    Coronation Earrings

    Like the Coronation Necklace, these earrings have been worn by queens regnant and consort at every coronation since 1901. Made for Queen Victoria in 1858 using the diamonds from an old Garter badge, they are of typical design: a large brilliant followed by a smaller one, with a large pear-shaped drop. The drops were originally part of the Koh-i-Noor armlet. After they had been made, Victoria wore the earrings and matching necklace in the painting Queen Victoriaby the European court painter, F...

    Greville Chandelier Earrings

    These 7.5 cm (3 in) long chandelier earrings made by Cartier in 1929 have three large drops adorned with every modern cut of diamond. The earrings were purchased by Margaret Greville, who left them to her friend the Queen Mother in 1942, and Elizabeth's parents gave them to her in 1947 as a wedding present.However, she was not able to use them until she had her ears pierced. When the public noticed that her ears had been pierced, doctors and jewellers found themselves inundated with requests...

    Greville Pear-drop Earrings

    As well as the chandelier earrings, and 60 other pieces of jewellery, Mrs Greville left the Queen Mother a set of pear-drop earrings that she had bought from Cartier in 1938. The pear-shaped drop diamonds each weigh about 20 carats (4 g). Diana, Princess of Wales, borrowed them in 1983 to wear on her first official visit to Australia. At a state banquet, she wore the earrings with a tiara from her family's own collection.The Greville Pear-drop Earrings passed to the Queen upon her mother's de...

    Queen Anne and Queen Caroline Pearl Necklaces

    Both necklaces consist of a single row of large graduated pearls with pearl clasps. The Queen Anne Necklace is said to have belonged to Queen Anne, the last British monarch of the Stuart dynasty. Horace Walpole, the English art historian, wrote in his diary, "Queen Anne had but few jewels and those indifferent, except one pearl necklace given to her by Prince George". Queen Caroline, on the other hand, had a great deal of valuable jewellery, including no fewer than four pearl necklaces. She w...

    King Faisal of Saudi Arabia Necklace

    A gift from King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, it is a fringe necklace in design and set with brilliant and baguette cut diamonds. King Faisal bought the necklace, made by the American jeweller Harry Winston, and presented it to her while on a state visit to the United Kingdom in 1967. Before his departure, the Queen wore it to a banquet at the Dorchester hotel. She also lent the necklace to Diana, Princess of Wales, to wear on a state visit to Australia in 1983.

    Festoon Necklace

    In 1947, George VI commissioned a three-strand necklace with over 150 brilliant cut diamonds from his inherited collection. It consists of three small rows of diamonds with a triangle motif. The minimum weight of this necklace is estimated to be 170 carats (34 g).

    Cullinan III & IV

    Cullinan III and IV are two of several stones cut from the Cullinan Diamond in 1905. The large diamond, found in South Africa, was presented to Edward VII on his 66th birthday. Two of the stones cut from the diamond were the 94.4-carat (18.88 g) Cullinan III, a clear pear-shaped stone, and a 63.6-carat (12.72 g) cushion-shaped stone. Queen Mary had these stones made into a brooch with the Cullinan III hanging from IV. Elizabeth inherited the brooch in 1953 from her grandmother. On 25 March 19...

    Cullinan V

    The smaller 18.8-carat (3.76 g) Cullinan V is a heart-shaped diamond cut from the same rough gem as III and IV. It is set in the centre of a platinum brooch that formed a part of the stomacher made for Queen Mary to wear at the Delhi Durbar in 1911. The brooch was designed to show off Cullinan V and is pavé-set with a border of smaller diamonds. It can be suspended from the VIII brooch and can be used to suspend the VII pendant. It was often worn like this by Mary who left all the brooches to...

    Prince Albert Sapphire Brooch

    The Prince Albert sapphire brooch was given by Prince Albert to Queen Victoria at Buckingham Palace on 9 February 1840. It was the day before their wedding, and Victoria wrote in her diary that Albert came to her sitting room and gave her "a beautiful sapphire and diamond brooch".

    A parureis a set of matching jewellery to be used together which first became popular in 17th-century Europe.

    For the coronation of their parents in 1937, it was decided that Elizabeth and Margaret should be given small versions of crowns to wear at the ceremony. Ornate coronets of gold lined with crimson and edged with ermine were designed by Garrard & Co. and brought to the royal couple for inspection. However, the king and queen decided they were inappropriately elaborate and too heavy for the young princesses. Queen Mary suggested the coronets be silver-gilt in a medieval style with no decorations. George VI agreed, and the coronets were designed with Maltese crosses and fleurs-de-lis. After the coronation, Mary wrote: "I sat between Maud and Lilibet (Elizabeth), and Margaret came next. They looked too sweet in their lace dresses and robes, especially when they put on their coronets".The coronation ensembles are in the Royal Collection Trust.

    Field, Leslie (2002). The Queen's Jewels: The Personal Collection of Elizabeth II. London: Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 0-8109-8172-6.

  8. Sapphire Jubilee of Elizabeth II - Wikipedia › wiki › Sapphire_Jubilee_of

    The Sapphire Jubilee of Elizabeth II on 6 February 2017, marked sixty-five years of Queen Elizabeth II's reign. The longest-reigning monarch in British history, Queen Elizabeth II is the first British monarch to have a sapphire jubilee.

  9. Elizabeth II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › Elizabeth_II

    Template:British Royal Family Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is, and has been since her accession in 1952, Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, and Head of the Commonwealth. She is also Queen of 12 countries that have become independent since her accession: Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas ...

    • 6 February 1952 – present
    • George VI
  10. Elizabeth II - Wikipedia › wiki › Elizabeth_II

    Elizabeth II. Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Elizabeth II. monarch of Saint Kitts and Nevis (en) 19 Satumba 1983 -. ← no value. monarch of Antigua and Barbuda (en) 1 Nuwamba, 1981 -.

    • Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor
    • Birtaniya
    • Mayfair ⁽ᵉⁿ⁾ , 21 ga Afirilu, 1926 (95 shekaru)
    • George VI
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