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The Council of State was appointed by Parliament on 14 and 15 February 1649, with further annual elections. The Council's duties were to act as the executive of the country's government in place of the King and the Privy Council. It was to direct domestic and foreign policy and to ensure the security of the English Commonwealth.
A Council of State is a governmental body in a country, or a subdivision of a country, with a function that varies by jurisdiction. It may be the formal name for the cabinet or it may refer to a non-executive advisory body associated with a head of state.
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The Council of State was appointed by Parliament on 14 and 15 February 1649, with further annual elections. The Council's duties were to act as the executive of the country's government in place of the King and the Privy Council. It was to direct domestic and foreign policy and to ensure the security of the English Commonwealth. Due to the disagreements between the New Model Armyand the weakened Parliament, it was dominated by the Army. The Council held its first meeting on 17 February 1649 "with [Oliver] Cromwell in the chair". This meeting was quite rudimentary, "some 14 members" attending, barely more than the legal quorum of nine out of forty-one councillors elected by Parliament. The first elected president of the council, appointed on 12 March, was John Bradshaw who had been the President of the Court at the trial of Charles I and the first to sign the King's death warrant. The members of the first council were the...
The role of the President of the Council of State (usually addressed as "Lord President") was intended to simply preside over the Council of State. John Bradshaw, the first president, served in the office longer than any other person to do so (serving for two years and ten months total). The reason no other individual served in the position longer than Bradshaw was due to a resolution passed by the Parliament on 26 November 1651 stating that "That no Person of any Committee of Parliament, or of the Council of State, shall be in the Chair of that Committee, or Council, for any longer Time, at once, than one Month" (Commons Journal, 7:43–44).Even during the Protectorate of Oliver and Richard Cromwell, the position of Lord President of the Council of State, known during this period as the Protector's Privy Council, remained in existence until the re-establishment of the monarchy in 1660. The following is a list of those w...Emerich, John; Acton, Lord Edward Dalberg, eds. (1934), The Cambridge Modern History, 5, CUP Archive, p. 437Hume, David (1983) , "Chapter: LX: The Commonwealth: Endnote [a]", The History of England from the Invasion of Julius Caesar to the Revolution in 1688, Foreword by William B. Todd, 6 vols., 6...Jenkins, Edward (1890), The Constitutional Experiments of the Commonwealth: A study of the Years 1649–1660, Cambridge Historical Essays, III, CUP Archive, p. 67Schultz, Oleg, ed. (13 March 2010), "Commonwealth of England: Council of State: 1649–1660", Archontology, retrieved September 2013 Check date values in: |access-date= (help)Firth, C. H.; Rait, R. S., eds. (1911), "13 February 1649: An Act of this Present Parliament for Constituting a Counsell of State for the Comonwealth [sic] of England", Acts and Ordinances of the I...House of Commons (1802), "House of Commons Journal: 14 February 1649", Journal of the House of Commons (1648–1651), 6, pp. 140–141, retrieved 13 September2013Plant, David, Council of State, British Civil Wars website
The Council of State (Dutch: Raad van State (help · info)) is a constitutionally established advisory body in the Netherlands to the government and States General that officially consists of members of the royal family and Crown-appointed members generally having political, commercial, diplomatic or military experience.Vice-presidentAppointedPartyBackgroundThom de Graaf (born 1957)1 November 2018 (2 years, 253 days)Politician (MP · Minister · Mayor) Jurist ...Sylvia Wortmann (born 1956)1 March 2004 (17 years, 133 days)Jurist (Researcher · Law professor)Dr. Hanna Sevenster (born 1963)1 June 2007 (14 years, 41 days)Jurist (Lawyer · Law professor) Civil ...Ben Vermeulen (born 1957)1 February 2008 (13 years, 161 days)Jurist (Law professor)
Council of State (Ireland) For Éamon de Valera's 1922–1923 Council of State, see Irish republican legitimatism. The Council of State ( Irish: an Chomhairle Stáit) is a body established by the Constitution of Ireland to advise the President of Ireland in the exercise of many of their discretionary, reserve powers.Date Of MeetingBill (section)PresidentOutcome29 December 2015Signed without referral29 July 2013Signed without referral21 December 2010Signed without referral22 July 2009 (b)Signed without referral