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  1. Isaac Newton fue un físico, teólogo, inventor, alquimista y matemático inglés. Es autor de los Philosophiæ naturalis principia mathematica, más conocidos como los Principia, donde describe la ley de la gravitación universal y estableció las bases de la mecánica clásica mediante las leyes que llevan su nombre. Entre sus otros descubrimientos científicos destacan los trabajos sobre la naturaleza de la luz y la óptica, y en matemáticas, el desarrollo del cálculo ...

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Isaac_NewtonIsaac Newton - Wikipedia

    Signature. Coat of arms. Sir Isaac Newton PRS (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, physicist, astronomer, alchemist, theologian, and author (described in his time as a "natural philosopher") widely recognised as one of the greatest mathematicians and physicists of all time and among the most influential scientists.

    • Life
    • The Discovery of The Law of Gravitation
    • Death

    Early life

    Isaac Newton was born (according to the Julian calendar, in use in England at the time) on Christmas Day, 25 December 1642 (N.S. 4 January 1643) "an hour or two after midnight", at Woolsthorpe Manor in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, a hamlet in the county of Lincolnshire, England. His father, also named Isaac Newton, died three months before his birth. When Newton was three, his mother, Hannah Ayscough, remarried with Reverend Barnabas Smith. Young Newton remained with his maternal grandmother,...

    Discoveries

    In 1666 Isaac Newton experimented with light, and found that different colours had different refractions. He began lecturing on this topic in 1670. Newton explained the workings of the universe through mathematics. He described laws of motion and gravitation. These laws are math formulas that explain how objects move when a force acts on them. Newton published his most famous book, Principia, in 1687 while he was a mathematics professor at Trinity College, Cambridge. In the Principia, Newton...

    When most people think of Isaac Newton, they think of him sitting under an apple treewatching an apple fall. Some people believe the apple fell onto his head. Newton understood that what makes things like apples fall to the ground is a specific kind of force — the force we call gravity. Newton thought that gravity was the force of attraction betwee...

    Isaac Newton died on (1727-03-31)31 March 1727 [O.S. 20 March 1726]in London, England. He is buried in Westminster Abbey. He set the stage for many famous physicists to come, such as Albert Einstein, James Chadwick, and Stephen Hawking.

    • Overview
    • Overview of Newton's Life
    • Academic career
    • The composition of white light
    • Conflict over oratorship elections

    The following article is part of a biography of Sir Isaac Newton, the English mathematician and scientist, author of the Principia. It portrays the years after Newton's birth in 1642, his education, as well as his early scientific contributions, before the writing of his main work, the Principia Mathematica, in 1685.

    Sir Isaac Newton is known for many scientific findings. Some of these discoveries include the laws of motion, the theory of gravity, and basic calculus. Although Newton was predominantly known for his discoveries in mathematics and physics, he also put much effort and study into chemistry, biblical history and optics. One of Newton's most famous wr...

    In January 1665 Newton took the degree of Bachelor of Arts. The persons appointed to examine the questionists were John Eachard of Catharine Hall and Thomas Gipps of Trinity University. It is a curious accident that we have no information about the respective merits of the candidates for a degree in this year since the "ordo senioritis" of the Bach...

    According to Alfred Rupert Hall the first practical reflecting telescope was built by Newton in 1668. Later on such prototype for a design came to be called a Newtonian telescope or Newton's reflector. On 21 December 1671 he was proposed as a candidate for admission to the Royal Society by Dr Seth Ward, bishop of Salisbury, and on 11 January 1672, ...

    In March 1673 Newton took a prominent part in a dispute in the university. The public oratorship fell vacant, and a contest arose between the heads of the colleges and the members of the Senate as to the mode of electing to the office. The heads claimed the right of nominating two persons, one of whom was to be elected by the senate. The senate ins...

    • Biografia
    • Teologia
    • Filòsofs de La Il·Lustració
    • Newton I Els Falsificadors
    • Escrits de Newton
    • Bibliografia
    • Enllaços Externs

    Primers anys

    Va néixer el 25 de desembre del 1642, any en què també va morir Galileu (corresponent al 4 de gener del 1643 del nou calendari) a Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, Lincolnshire, Anglaterra. El seu pare va morir abans del seu naixement. Va néixer prematurament, i era molt petit. Quan Newton tenia tres anys, la seva mare es va casar de nou i va anar viure amb el seu nou marit, el reverend Barnabus Smith, deixant el seu fill a càrrec de la seva àvia materna, Margery Ayscough. Al jove Isaac, no li agr...

    Darrers anys

    Després d'haver estat professor durant prop de trenta anys, Newton va abandonar el seu lloc per acceptar la responsabilitat de director de la Casa de la Moneda el 1696. Durant els últims trenta anys de la seva vida, va abandonar pràcticament les seves investigacions i es va consagrar progressivament als estudis religiosos. Va ser elegit president de la Royal Society el 1703 i reelegit cada any fins a la seva mort. El 1705, va ser fet cavaller per l'reina Anna, com a recompensa als serveis pre...

    Newton fou profundament religiós tota la seva vida. Fill de pares puritans, va escriure més sobre religió que sobre ciència. Newton era arrianista i creia en un Déu únic, el Pare. Referent a la teoria de la Trinitat, creia que havien comès un frau en les Sagrades Escriptures i acusà a l'Església de Roma de ser la bèstia de l'Apocalipsi. Per aquest ...

    Els filòsofs de la Il·lustració van triar una llista limitada de predecessors científics —Galileu, Boyle, i Newton sobretot— com a guies i garants de les seves aplicacions dels conceptes de natura i dret naturala tots els camps de les ciències naturals i socials. En aquest respecte, les lliçons de la història i les estructures socials que s'hi havi...

    Com a responsable de la Seca Reial, Newton va fer l'estimació que el 20% de les monedes recuperades durant la "Gran Encunyació" eren falses. La falsificació era un delicte d'alta traïció, que es castigava penjant, esbudellant i esquarterant els reus. Malgrat tot, era molt difícil d'aconseguir condemnes fins i tot contra els criminals més flagrants;...

    Ball, W.W. Rouse. A Short Account of the History of Mathematics. Nova York: Dover, 1908.
    Christianson, Gale. In the Presence of the Creator: Isaac Newton & His Times. Nova York: Free Press, 1984. ISBN 0-02-905190-8. Aquest treball, molt ben documentat, proporciona, en concret, informac...
    Craig, John «Isaac Newton – Crime Investigator». Nature, 182, 1958, pàg. 149. DOI: 10.1038/182149a0.
    Craig, John «Isaac Newton and the Counterfeiters». Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London, 18, 1963, pàg. 136. DOI: 10.1098/rsnr.1963.0017.
  3. 10 Sir Isaac Newton's final years 11 References 12 External links 1693 During the period 1692–1693 Newton is known to have suffered a breakdown of nervous functioning, or a supposed depression lasting for 18 months, as reported by Huygens. He suffered insomnia and poor digestion, in his letters to friends showing signs of irrationality.

  4. e. Isaac Newton, nado en Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, o 25 de decembro de 1643 (día de Nadal de 1642 segundo o calendario xuliano) e finado en Londres o 31 de marzo de 1727, foi un físico, matemático e astrónomo inglés.

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