Mary of Teck (Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes; 26 May 1867 – 24 March 1953) was Queen of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 1910 until 1936 as the wife of King George V. She was concurrently Empress of India.
María de Teck (Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes; Londres, 26 de mayo de 1867 - Ib., 24 de marzo de 1953) fue la esposa del rey-emperador Jorge V del Reino Unido y por tanto reina consorte del Reino Unido y los dominios británicos y emperatriz consorte de la India.
- in The 1930s
- Since WWII
Princess Mary was born at Kensington Palace in London on 26 May 1867. Her mother was Princess Mary Adelaide, a daughter of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, and a granddaughter of King George III and first cousin of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Her father was Francis, Duke of Teck. Due to her parent's financial troubles, Princess Mary spent much of her early life abroad in order to economize, the Tecks returned to London in 1883, living at White Lodge in Richmond Park.
In 1891, Princess Mary, who was liked by Queen Victoria, became engaged to her double second cousin once removed Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, the eldest son of Prince Albert Edward, Prince of Wales. Prince Albert Victor was the heir to the throne after his father, bringing Princess Mary and her family to the senior end of the Royal Family. However, a few weeks before the wedding, Prince Albert Victor died of influenza. Nevertheless, Queen Victoria still favored Mary as a royal bride and therefore arranged for her to marry Albert Victor's brother, Prince George, created Duke of York. They were married at St. James's Palace, London, on 6 July 1893. Princess Mary was devoted to her children and to her public duties. She left her children in the care of a nanny, Charlotte "Lalla" Bill, and taught her children history and music. With her public duties, she was equally devoted, becoming Patron of a number of charities. When her father-in-law became King Edward VII,...
In 1936, King George V died. His death was shortened by an injection of morphine and cocaine, administered by his doctor. Queen Mary supported her son, now King Edward VIII, during his reign. In December, however, the King abdicated the throne because he wished to marry a divorced American commoner, Wallis Simpson. This put his brother, Prince Albert, Duke of York, in his place as King George VI. King George VI was shy and was at first reluctant to take on his new duties and responsibilities. Queen Mary and his wife, Queen Elizabeth, supported him in his new role. The former King Edward VIII became the Duke of Windsor, went to live in Paris, and had a cool relationship with his family in England. No member of the family attended his wedding to Wallis in 1937, and she was never received by Queen Mary.
During the Second World War, Queen Mary lived at Badminton House, owned by her niece's husband, the Duke of Beaufort. She continued her duties and supported the war effort. Following the war, she returned to her pre-war home, Marlborough House. She continued her public duties in old age, surviving to see her granddaughter, Elizabeth, ascend the throne as Queen Elizabeth II. After suffering from lung cancer (described publicly as "gastric problems"), Queen Mary died of the disease at Marlborough House on 24 March 1953. She lay in state at Westminster Hall before being buried beside her husband at St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. She survived her husband by 17 years and outlive three of her children, Prince John of the United Kingdom and Prince George Duke of Kent and King George VI.
- Other Descendants of Edward VII
- See Also
LEGEND 1. CAmeans excluded from succession for being Roman Catholic 2. LG means legitimated by subsequent marriage 2.1. (LG+) first generation or (LG-) later generationCreation: When the House of Windsor was created in 1917 the only descendants of King George V were his 6 unmarried children, ranging in age from 12 to 23. The death of Prince Johnat age 13 was the...King George VI: On 11 December 1936, when George VI became king there were 8 descendants of George V in the line of succession (The King's 2 daughters, 3 siblings, and 3 nephews). A niece was born...Elizabeth II: In 1952, when Elizabeth II became queen, there were 13 descendants of George V in the line (The Queen's 2 children, 1 sister, 1 uncle, 1 aunt, 7 first cousins, 1 first cousin once rem...
In addition to George V, Edward VII had 5 other children, from whom the dukes of Fife and the Norwegian royal familyare descended.
The wedding dress of Princess Mary of Teck is the gown worn by the future Queen Mary at her wedding to Prince George, Duke of York on 6 July 1893 at the Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, in London. The dress now belongs to the British Royal Collection and is part of a collection of royal wedding dresses at Kensington Palace in London.
In 1891, the bride's mother, the Duchess of Teck, had declared that her daughter's wedding dress and those of her bridesmaids would be manufactured entirely in Britain. This was likely because the Duchess was president of the Ladies' National Silk Association. Upon the announcement of the engagement of Princess May to Prince George, Duke of York in spring 1893, Arthur Silver, was approached to design the gown. Silver had designed the dress for Princess May’s intended wedding to George's ...
The dress itself was put together by Linton and Curtis of Albemarle Street. The front of the dress was made of white satin, featuring three small flounces old Honiton lace which had been used on the wedding dress of her mother. The bodice, cut at the throat, was long and pointed and was made of Silver's white and silver brocade, also featuring a small amount of her mother's Honiton lace near the top and on the upper part of the sleeve. The rich satin manteau de cour fell from her shoulders. The
- Linton & Curtis, Arthur Silver
Pages in category "Mary of Teck" The following 12 pages are in this category, out of 12 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().
Mary of Teck was born into a faded fairy tale. Although she entered the world in 1867 in the same room her cousin Queen Victoria, Mary’s bloodlines were decidedly on the shadowy side of the royal family. Her parents, Francis of Teck and Princess Mary, were younger or less legitimate children, and the House of Teck had long been in disrepair.
- Early life
- Life abroad
- Later life and death
- Titles, styles, honours and arms
Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge was a member of the British royal family, a granddaughter of George III, grandmother of Edward VIII and George VI and great grandmother of Elizabeth II. She held the title of Duchess of Teck through marriage. Mary Adelaide is remembered as the mother of Queen Mary, the wife of George V. She was one of the first royals to patronise a wide range of charities.
Mary Adelaide was born on 27 November 1833 in Hanover, German Confederation. Her father was Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, the youngest surviving son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Her mother was Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel, the daughter of Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel. As a male-line granddaughter of a British monarch, she was styled as a British princess with the prefix of Royal Highness. The young princess was baptized on 9 January 1834 at Cambridge House,
By the age of 30, Mary Adelaide was still unmarried. Her large girth and lack of income were contributing factors, as was her advanced age. However, her royal rank prevented her from marrying someone not of royal blood. Her cousin, Queen Victoria, took pity on her and attempted to arrange pairings. Eventually a suitable candidate was found in Württemberg, Prince Francis of Teck. The Prince was of lower rank than Mary Adelaide, was the product of a morganatic marriage and had no succession ...
Despite their modest income, Mary Adelaide had expensive tastes and lived an extravagant life of parties, expensive food and clothes and holidays abroad. In 1883 they were forced to live more cheaply abroad to reduce their debts. They travelled to Florence, Italy, and also stayed with relatives in Germany and Austria. Initially, they travelled under the names of the Count and Countess von Hohenstein. However, Mary Adelaide wished to travel in more style and reverted to her royal style, which com
The Tecks returned from their self-imposed exile in 1885 and continued to live at Kensington Palace and White Lodge in Richmond Park. Mary Adelaide began devoting her life to charity, serving as patron to Barnardo's and other children's charities. In 1891, Mary Adelaide was keen for her daughter, Princess Victoria Mary of Teck to marry one of the sons of the Prince of Wales, the future Edward VII. At the same time, Queen Victoria wanted a British-born bride for the future king, though of course
As a male-line granddaughter of the British monarch, she was styled Her Royal Highness Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge. As the male-line granddaughter of a king of Hanover, Princess Mary Adelaide also bore the titles of Princess of Hanover and Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
Mary of Teck, popularly known as Queen Mary, consort of King George V, was the Queen of UK, British Dominions, and Empress of India. Though she was the princess of Teck, a castle in the Wurttemberg kingdom of Germany, she was born in Kensington Palace in London and spent her entire life in England.
- Prinses Van Wales
Prinses Mary was de oudste dochter van prins Frans van Teck en prinses Maria Adelheid van Cambridge, een kleindochter van koning George III. Haar vader was een zoon uit het morganatische huwelijk van Alexander van Württemberg met gravin Claudine Rhédey van Kis-Rhéde. Frans' vader verloor door zijn huwelijk iedere aanspraak op de troon van Württemberg. Zijn zoon Frans werd in 1861 opgetuigd met de titel Prins van Teck. Deze zocht en vond een uitweg uit de doodlopende dynastieke weg, waarin zijn Württembergse tak was geraakt, door te trouwen met Maria Adelheid. Maria Adelheid was een volle nicht van koningin Victoria. Deze vrouw, de moeder van Mary, stond vanwege haar fysieke conditie bekend als fat Mary. Het Britse hof schijnt, ten einde haar een gunstig huwelijk te bezorgen, van deur tot deur te zijn gegaan, maar niemand hapte toe. Lord Clarendon merkte in zijn dagboek op dat het te betwijfelen viel of er überhaupt een Duitse prins was die zich zou willen wagen aan "so vast an under...
Na de dood van koningin Victoria in 1901 trok Mary acht maanden door het Britse Rijk en deed hierbij Gibraltar, Malta, Egypte, Ceylon, Singapore, Australië, Nieuw-Zeeland, Mauritius, Zuid-Afrika en Canada aan. Nadat ze teruggekomen was op 9 november, werd de zestigste verjaardag van koning Eduard gevierd, de koning benoemde George tot Prins van Wales. De familie verhuisde van hun residentie St. James's Palace naar Marlborough House. Als prinses van Wales vergezelde Mary haar man op reizen naar Oostenrijk-Hongarije en Württembergin 1904. Het jaar daarop baarde ze haar jongste kind, prins John. Het was een zware bevalling, Mary herstelde snel, haar zoon leed aan ademhalingsproblemen. Vanaf oktober 1905 ondernamen de prins en prinses van Wales een acht maanden durende reis, dit keer door Brits-Indië, hun kinderen werden ondergebracht bij de koning en koningin. Ze reisden door Egypte, daarna reisden ze via Egypte door naar Griekenland, waar op dat moment Georges oom koning was onder de...
Eerste jaren als koningin
Op 6 mei 1910 stierf koning Eduard VII. De Prins van Wales besteeg de troon als koning George V en Mary werd koningin van het Verenigd Koninkrijk. Haar man vroeg haar destijds om een van haar twee officiële namen (Victoria Mary) te laten vallen. Ze koos als naam Mary, als ze koos voor Victoria zou dat te veel doen denken aan de grootmoeder van haar man, koningin Victoria. Koningin Mary werd samen met haar man gekroond op 22 juni 1911 in de Westminster Abbey. Later in het jaar reisden de nieuw...
Koningin tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog
Tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog legde koningin Mary Buckingham Palace een strenge bezuinigingsmaatregel op, zamelde voedsel in, bezocht gewonde en soms stervende militairen in het ziekenhuis. Na drie jaar oorlog tegen Duitsland, en de groeiende anti-Duitse gevoelens in Groot-Brittannië, werd de Russische keizerlijke familie, die was afgezet tijdens de Russische Revolutie, asiel geweigerd in het Verenigd Koninkrijk, mede doordat de vrouw van de tsaar in Duitsland was geboren. Het nieuws van de...
Overlijden van prins John
Twee maanden nadat de oorlog was afgelopen overleed koningin Mary’s jongste zoon, John, op de leeftijd van dertien jaar. Ze beschreef haar schok en verdriet in haar dagboek en in brieven die werden gepubliceerd na haar dood: "Our poor darling little Johnnie had passed away suddenly… The first break in the family circle is hard to bear but people have been so kind & sympathetic & this had helped us [the King and me] much." Vrij vertaald: "Onze arme lieve kleine Johnnie is plotseling heengegaan...Edward (23 juni 1894 – 28 mei 1972), werd na de dood van zijn vader koning, trouwde met Wallis SimpsonAlbert (14 december 1895 – 6 februari 1952), werd na het aftreden van zijn broer koning als George VI, trouwde met Elizabeth Bowes-LyonMary (25 april 1897 – 28 maart 1965), gehuwd met Henry Lascelles, 6de graaf van Harewood (1882-1947)Hendrik (31 maart 1900 – 10 juni 1974), trouwde met Alice Christabel Montagu-Douglas-ScottHare Doorluchtige Hoogheid Prinses Victoria Mary van Teck (1867 - 1893)Hare Koninklijke Hoogheid de Hertogin van York (1893 - 1901)Hare Koninklijke Hoogheid de Hertogin van Cornwall en York (1901 - 1901)Hare Koninklijke Hoogheid de Prinses van Wales (1901 - 1910)