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  1. Neoclassicism (also spelled Neo-classicism; from Greek νέος nèos, "new" and Greek κλασικός klasikόs, "of the highest rank") was a Western cultural movement in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that drew inspiration from the art and culture of classical antiquity.

    • Escultura
    • Pintura
    • Música
    • Literatura

    También en la escultura neoclásica pesó el recuerdo del pasado, muy presente si consideramos el gran número de piezas que las excavaciones iban sacando a la luz, además de las colecciones que se ha...

    Los pintores, entre los que destacó Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825), reprodujeron los principales hechos de la revolución y exaltaron los mitos romanos, a los que se identificó con los valores de la revolución.La claridad estructural y el predominio del dibujo sobre el color son algunas de las principales características formales de la pintura neoclásica. Obras como el Juramento de los Horacios, por ejemplo, plantean un espacio preciso en el que los personajes se sitúan en un primer plano. Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780-1867) aunque no fue un pintor neoclásico, tiene obras —como La fuente— que representan este movimiento artístico.

    Según la musicología actual, el término "música clásica" se refiere únicamente a la llamada música del Clasicismo (1750-1827) aprox., coincidente con el período neoclásico, inspirada en los cánones estéticos grecorromanos de equilibrio en la forma y moderación en la dinámica y la armonía. Comúnmente se llama "música clásica" al tipo de música que se contrapone a la música popular y a la folclórica. Esto puede comprobarse en los medios de comunicación, en las revistas de divulgación musical y los folletos que acompañan a los CD de música académica. Para definir ese tipo de música que se relaciona con los estudios en conservatorios y universidades, los musicólogos prefieren el término "música académica" o "música culta". Como los antiguos griegos y romanos no pudieron inventar maneras de conservar la música (mediante soportes gráficos como partituras o soportes sonoros como grabadores), el Neoclasicismo de los siglos XVIII y XIX como resurgimiento de las artes clásicas grecorromanas (...

    La Ilustración fue un movimiento intelectual que provocó que el siglo XVIII fuera conocido como el «Siglo de las Luces». El culto a la razón promovido por los filósofos ilustrados conllevó un rechazo del dogma religioso, que fue considerado origen de la intolerancia, y una concepción de Dios que pasaba de regir el mundo mediante las leyes naturales a desaparecer en concepciones ateas del universo. Los ilustrados promovieron la investigación de la naturaleza, el desarrollo científico-técnico, la educación y la difusión general de todo tipo de conocimientos; fueron los tiempos de L'Encyclopédie. El arte se hizo así más accesible y con menos pretensiones, y la literatura se dirigió a un público más amplio, planteándose como un instrumento social. La literatura se caracterizó por la sencillez, la claridad y la armonía que tenían como objetivo transmitir el pensamiento ilustrado. No se aceptaba el arte por el arte, sino que una obra tenía que transmitir valores que ayudaran al ser humano...

  2. Neoclassicism in music was a twentieth-century trend, particularly current in the interwar period, in which composers sought to return to aesthetic precepts associated with the broadly defined concept of "classicism", namely order, balance, clarity, economy, and emotional restraint.

    • c. 1170-1310
    • c. 1360-1420
    • c. 1310-1377
    • c. 500-1400
  3. Neoclassicism is the name given to movements in the arts that draw upon Western classical art and culture (usually that of Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome). Traditionally, Classicism is about the art made in antiquity (very long ago, in ancient times) or later art inspired by that of antiquity. [1]

  4. Neoclassicism is a movement in architecture, design and the arts which was dominant in France between about 1760 to 1830. It emerged as a reaction to the frivolity and excessive ornament of the baroque and rococo styles.

    • France
    • c. 1760–1830
    • Classification
    • Theory
    • Origins
    • Evolution
    • Criticisms
    • See Also
    • External Links

    The term was originally introduced by Thorstein Veblen in his 1900 article "Preconceptions of Economic Science", in which he related marginalists in the tradition of Alfred Marshall et al. to those in the Austrian School. It was later used by John Hicks, George Stigler, and others to include the work of Carl Menger, William Stanley Jevons, Léon Walras, John Bates Clark, and many others. Today it is usually used to refer to mainstream economics, although it has also been used as an umbrella term encompassing a number of other schools of thought, notably excluding institutional economics, various historical schools of economics, and Marxian economics, in addition to various other heterodox approaches to economics. Neoclassical economics is characterized by several assumptions common to many schools of economic thought. There is not a complete agreement on what is meant by neoclassical economics, and the result is a wide range of neoclassical approaches to various problem areas and dom...

    Assumptions and objectives

    It was expressed by E. Roy Weintraubthat neoclassical economics rests on three assumptions, although certain branches of neoclassical theory may have different approaches: 1. People have rational preferencesbetween outcomes that can be identified and associated with values. 2. Individuals maximize utility and firms maximize profits. 3. People act independently on the basis of full and relevant information. From these three assumptions, neoclassical economists have built a structure to underst...

    Supply and demand model

    Market analysis is typically the neoclassical answer to price questions, such as why does an apple cost less than an automobile, why does the performance of work command a wage, or how to account for interest as a reward for saving. An important device of neoclassical market analysis is the graph presenting supply and demand curves. The curves are reflecting the behavior of individual buyers and individual sellers. Buyers and sellers interact with each other in and through these markets, and...

    Utility theory of value

    Neoclassical economics uses the utility theory of value, which states that the value of a good is determined by the marginal utility experienced by the user. This is one of the main distinguishing factors between neoclassical economics and other earlier economic theories, such as Classical and Marxian, which use the labor theory of valuethat value is determined by the labor required for production. The partial definition of the neoclassical theory of value states that the value of an object o...

    Classical economics, developed in the 18th and 19th centuries, included a value theory and distribution theory. The value of a product was thought to depend on the costs involved in producing that product. The explanation of costs in classical economics was simultaneously an explanation of distribution. A landlord received rent, workers received wages, and a capitalist tenant farmer received profits on their investment. This classic approach included the work of Adam Smith and David Ricardo. However, some economists gradually began emphasizing the perceived value of a good to the consumer. They proposed a theory that the value of a product was to be explained with differences in utility (usefulness) to the consumer. (In England, economists tended to conceptualize utility in keeping with the utilitarianism of Jeremy Bentham and later of John Stuart Mill.) The third step from political economy to economics was the introduction of marginalism and the proposition that economic actors ma...

    The evolution of neoclassical economics can be divided into three phases. The first phase (= a pre-Keynesian phase) is dated between the initial forming of neoclassical economics (the second half of the nineteenth century) and the arrival of Keynesian economics in the 1930s. The second phase is dated between the year 1940 and the half of the 1970s. During this era, Keynesian economics was dominating the world's economy but neoclassical economics did not cease to exist. It continued in the development of its microeconomics theory and began creating its own macroeconomics theory. The development of the neoclassical macroeconomic theory was based on the development of the quantity theory of money and the theory of distribution. One of the products of the second phase was the Neoclassical synthesis, representing a special combination of neoclassical microeconomics and Keynesian macroeconomics. The third phase began in the 1970s and is labeled as the neoclassical renaissance, the revival...

    Although the neoclassical approach is dominant in economics, the field of economics includes others, such as Marxist, Behavioral, Schumpeterian, Developmentalist, Austrian, Post Keynesian, and Institutionalist schools. All of these schools differ with the neoclassical school and each other, and incorporate various criticisms of the neoclassical economics. Not all criticism comes from other schools: some prominent economists such as Nobel Prize recipient and former chief economist of the World Bank Joseph Stiglitzare vocally critical of mainstream neoclassical economics.

    Weintraub, E. Roy (2002). "Neoclassical Economics". In David R. Henderson (ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (1st ed.). Library of Economics and Liberty. OCLC 317650570, 50016270, 163149563
    Neoclassical Economics, William King, Drexel University
  5. Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the Neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century in Italy and France. It became one of the most prominent architectural styles in the Western world. The prevailing styles of architecture in most of Europe for the previous two centuries, Renaissance architecture and ...

    • Second half of the 18th century–mid-20th century
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