From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia William V (Willem Batavus; 8 March 1748 – 9 April 1806) was a prince of Orange and the last stadtholder of the Dutch Republic. He went into exile to London in 1795. He was furthermore ruler of the Principality of Orange-Nassau until his death in 1806.
08/07/2021 · William V (Willem Batavus; 8 March 1748 – 9 April 1806) was a prince of Orange and the last stadtholder of the Dutch Republic. He went into exile to London in 1795. He was furthermore ruler of the Principality of Orange-Nassau until his death in 1806. In that capacity he was succeeded by his son William.
- Early Life
- Exile in Great Britain and Ireland
William Batavus was born in The Hague on 8 March 1748, the only son of William IV, who had the year before been restored as stadtholder of the United Provinces. He was only three years old when his father died in 1751, and a long regency began. His regents were: 1. Dowager Princess Anne, his mother, from 1751 to her death in 1759; 2. Dowager Princess Marie Louise, his grandmother, from 1759 to her death in 1765; 3. Duke Louis Ernest of Brunswick-Lüneburg, from 1759 to 1766, and kept on as a privy counsellor, in accordance with the Acte van Consulentschap, until October 1784; 4. Princess Carolina, his sister (who at the time was an adult aged 22, while he was still a minor at 17), from 1765 to William's majority in 1766. William was made the 568th Knight of the Order of the Garterin 1752.
William V assumed the position of stadtholder and Captain-General of the Dutch States Army on his majority in 1766. However, he allowed the Duke of Brunswick to retain a large influence on the government with the secret Acte van Consulentschap. On 4 October 1767 in Berlin, Prince William married Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia, the daughter of Augustus William of Prussia, niece of Frederick the Great and a cousin of George III. (He himself was George III's first cousin).:55–58 He became an art collector and in 1774 his Galerij Prins Willem Vwas opened to the public. The position of the Dutch during the American War of Independence was one of neutrality. William V, leading the pro-British faction within the government, blocked attempts by pro-American, and later pro-French, elements to drag the government to war in support of the Franco-American alliance. However, things came to a head with the Dutch attempt to join the Russ...
William V joined the First Coalition against Republican France in 1793 with the coming of the French Revolution. His troops fought bravely in the Flanders Campaign, but in 1794 the military situation deteriorated and the Dutch Republic was threatened by invading armies. The year 1795 was a disastrous one for the ancien régime of the Netherlands. Supported by the French Army, the revolutionaries returned from Paris to fight in the Netherlands, and in 1795 William V went into exile in England. A few days later the Batavian Revolution occurred, and the Dutch Republic was replaced with the Batavian Republic.:1121 :190–192 Directly after his arrival in England, the Prince wrote a number of letters (known as the Kew Letters) from his new residence in Kew to the governors of the Dutch colonies, instructing them to hand over their colonies to the British as long as France continued to occupy the "mother country". Only a number...
William V and Wilhelmina of Prussia were parents to five children: 1. An unnamed son (23–24 March 1769). 2. Frederika Luise Wilhelmina (The Hague, 28 November 1770 – The Hague, 15 October 1819), married in The Hague on 14 October 1790 Karl, Hereditary Prince of Braunschweig (London, 8 February 1766 – Antoinettenruh, 20 September 1806), a son of Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg and Princess Augusta of Great Britain, without issue. 3. An unnamed son (born and deceased on 6 August 1771). 4. William I, King of the Netherlands(25 August 1772 – 12 December 1843). 5. Willem Georg Frederik, Prince of Orange-Nassau (The Hague, 15 February 1774 – Padua, 6 January 1799), unmarried and without legitimate issue.
During his life and afterward, William V was a controversial person, in himself, and because he was the unwilling center of a political firestorm that others had caused. Many historians and contemporaries have written short appreciations of him that were often acerbic. Phillip Charles, Count of Alvensleben, who was the Prussianenvoy to the Hague from 1787 (so not someone who must be suspected to be prejudiced against William) may be taken as an example. He wrote: His great-great-granddaughter Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands was less kind. She simply called him a sufferd(dotard).The Orange River, the longest river in South Africa was named in honour of William V of Orange.
Guillermo V de Orange-Nassau, también llamado Guillermo V Bátavo (en neerlandés: Willem V Batavus; 8 de marzo de 1748 - 9 de abril de 1806 ), fue hijo de Guillermo IV de Orange-Nassau y de Ana de Gran Bretaña (hija de Jorge II ). Fue Príncipe de Orange, Duque de Nassau-Dietz y Estatúder de las Provincias Unidas (1751-1795).
He was born as a Prince of Orange-Nassau and as heir to the Principality of Nassau-Orange (for it's sovereign the names were reverted) and as heir to the Stadtholderate of the Dutch Republic. On the death of his father he became Stadtholder, Prince of Orange and reigning Prince of Nassau-Orange. Gerard von Hebel 01:26, 17 August 2014 (UTC)
Archivo:William V, Prince of Orange - Bone 1801.jpg. De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre. Ir a la navegaciónIr a la búsqueda. Archivo. Historial del archivo. Usos del archivo. Uso global del archivo. Tamaño de esta previsualización: 468 × 599 píxeles. Otras resoluciones: 187 × 240 píxeles· 375 × 480 píxeles· 469 × 600 píxeles· 600 × 768 píxeles· ...
- English: Portrait of William V, Prince of Orange
- 1801date QS:P571,+1801-00-00T00:00:00Z/9
- Altura: 20,5 cm; Ancho: 16,5 cmdimensions QS:P2048,20.5U174728, dimensions QS:P2049,16.5U174728
- Royal Collection of the United Kingdom
William V, Prince of Orange (8 March 1748 – 9 April 1806) Later life. In 1739 William inherited the estates formerly owned by the Nassau-Dillenburg branch of his family, and in 1743 he inherited those formerly owned by the Nassau-Siegen branch of his family.
William II was sovereign Prince of Orange and Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, Overijssel and Groningen in the United Provinces of the Netherlands from 14 March 1647 until his death three years later. His only child, William III, reigned as King of England, Ireland, and Scotland.