The 1870s (pronounced "eighteen-seventies") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1870, and ended on December 31, 1879. The trends of the previous decade continued into this one, as new empires, imperialism and militarism rose in Europe and Asia.
Franco-Prussian War ( 1870 – 1871) results in the collapse of the Second French Empire and in the formation of both the French Third Republic and the German Empire Continuing expansion of the British Empire; beginning of the New Imperialism Bulgaria and Romania declare independence following the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)
Los años 1870 fueron una década que comenzó el 1 de enero de 1870 y finalizó el 31 de diciembre de 1879 . Continuó las tendencias de la década anterior, a medida que los nuevos imperios, basados en el imperialismo y el militarismo se elevaban en Europa y Asia. Estados Unidos se estaba recuperando de la guerra civil americana.
January 3 – Construction of the Brooklyn Bridgebegins in New York City.January 6 – The Musikverein, Vienna, is inaugurated in Austria-Hungary.January 10 – John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil.April 13 – The Metropolitan Museum of Artwas established.April 27 – Antonio Guzmán Blanco begins his first term as President of Venezuela.April 29 – The Chicago Base Ball Club, later to be known as the Chicago White Stockings and ultimately the Chicago Cubs, play their first game against the St. Louis Unions of the National Associati...May 8 – German colonial army attacked the Basterpeople in South West Africa (today Namibia) who had fled to their last stronghold of Sam Khubis.July 14 – The Ems Dispatch is published, serving as casus belli for a war between Prussiaand France.July 18 – Pastor aeternus: Pope Pius IX declares papal infallibility, in matters of faith and morals.July 19 – Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia.October 2 – A plebisciteheld in Rome supports, by 133,681 votes to 1,507, the annexation of the city by Italy.October 6 – Rome becomes the capital of unified Italy.October 8 – Léon Gambetta escapes besieged Paris in a hot-air balloon.October 20 – The First Vatican Counciladjourns.Japanese yen currency is introduced to supersede the mon.David Kenyon invents the fireman's polein Chicago.Just one of the 916 members of the Indian Civil Serviceis Indian.
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1874 – French astronomer Pierre Janssen used his "photographic revolver" to photograph the transit of the planet Venus across the Sun.1877 – French inventor Charles-Émile Reynaud improved on the Zoetrope idea by placing mirrors at the center of the drum. He called his invention the Praxinoscope. Reynaud developed other versions o...1878 – Eadweard Muybridge records his famous chronophotographic series of pictures of the phases of The Horse in Motion, the result of an assignment by Railroad tycoon Leland Stanfordwho wanted to...March 13, 1870 – Henri Étiévant, French actor, director (died 1953)May 2, 1870 – Lewis J. Selznick, American producer (died 1933)March 23, 1871 – Heinrich Schroth, German actor (died 1945)April 16, 1871 – Henry Stephenson, British actor (died 1956)
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