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  1. Los Jagellón (en lituano: Jogailaičiai, en polaco: Jagiellonowie) era una dinastía real originaria de Lituania, que reinó en algunos países de la Europa Central (hoy en día Lituania, Bielorrusia, Polonia, Chequia, Eslovaquia, Ucrania, Letonia, Estonia, Kaliningrado, partes de Rusia y Hungría) entre el siglo XIV y el siglo XVI.

  2. Los Jagellón era una dinastía real originaria de Lituania, que reinó en algunos países de la Europa Central entre el siglo XIV y el siglo XVI.

  3. Federico Jagellón (en polaco: Fryderyk Jagiellończyk; Cracovia, 27 de abril de 1468-Cracovia, 14 de marzo de 1503) fue un príncipe polaco, arzobispo de Gniezno, obispo de Cracovia, y primado de Polonia.

    • Name
    • Pre-Dynasty Background
    • Kingdom of Poland
    • Kingdom of Hungary and Bohemia
    • Jagiellonian Grand Dukes of Lithuania
    • Jagiellonian Kings of Poland
    • Jagiellonian Kings of Bohemia, Hungary and Croatia
    • Legacy
    • See Also
    • References

    The name comes from Jogaila (Jagiełło), the first Grand Duke of Lithuania to become King of Poland. In Polish, the dynasty is known as Jagiellonowie and the patronymic form: Jagiellończyk; in Lithuanian it is called Jogailaičiai, in Belarusian Яґайлавічы (Jagajłavičy), in Hungarian Jagelló, and in Czech Jagellonci, as well as Jagello or Jagellon in...

    The rule of Piasts, the earlier Polish ruling house (c. 962–1370) had ended with the death of King Casimir III the Great. Gediminids, the immediate predecessors of the first Jagiellonian, were rulers of medieval Lithuania with the title of Grand Duke. Their realm, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, was chiefly inhabited by Lithuanians and Ruthenians. Jo...

    Casimir IV Jagiellon

    In 1445 Casimir, the Grand Duke of Lithuania, was asked to assume the Polish throne vacated by the death of his brother Władysław. Casimir was a tough negotiator and did not accept the Polish nobility's conditions for his election. Casimir Jagiellon was the third and youngest son of King Władysław II Jagiełło and his fourth wife, Sophia of Halshany. His father was already 65 at the time of Casimir's birth, and his brother Władysław III, three years his senior, was expected to become king befo...

    Sigismund I the Old and Sigismund II Augustus

    The Grand Duke Alexander was elected King of Poland in 1501, after the death of John Albert. In 1506 he was succeeded by Sigismund I the Old (Polish: Zygmunt I Stary, Lithuanian: Žygimantas Senasis) in both Poland and Lithuania, as the political realities were drawing the two states closer together. Prior to that Sigismund I had been a Duke of Silesia by the authority of his brother Ladislaus II of Bohemia, but like other Jagiellon rulers before him, he had not pursued the Polish Crown's clai...

    The Jagiellons and the Habsburgs

    In 1515, during a congress in Vienna, a dynastic succession arrangement was agreed to between Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and the Jagiellon brothers, Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary and Sigismund I of Poland and Lithuania. It was supposed to end the Emperor's support for Poland's enemies, the Teutonic and Russian states, but after the election of Charles V, Maximilian's successor in 1519, the relations with Sigismund had worsened. The Jagiellon rivalry with the House of Habsburg in...

    Louis II of Hungary

    Louis II was the son of Ladislaus II Jagiellon and his third wife, Anne of Foix-Candale. In 1515 Louis II was married to Mary of Austria, granddaughter of Emperor Maximilian I, as stipulated by the First Congress of Vienna in 1515. His sister Anne was married to Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, then a governor on behalf of his brother Charles V, and later Emperor Ferdinand I. Following the accession to the throne of Suleiman I, the sultan sent an ambassador to Louis II to collect the annual tri...

    Jagiellons in natural line

    Although Louis II's marriage remained childless, he probably had an illegitimate child with his mother's former lady-in-waiting, Angelitha Wass, before his marriage. This son was called John(János in Hungarian). This name appears in sources in Vienna as either János Wass or János Lanthos. The former surname is his mother's maiden name. The latter surname may refer to his occupation. "Lanthos" means "lutenist", or "bard". He received incomes from the Royal Treasury regularly. He had further of...

    The Jagiellonians were the primary inheritors of the title of the Grand Duke of Lithuania following the deaths of Vytautas the Great, Sigismund Kęstutaitis (children of Grand Duke Kęstutis) as they remained as the most powerful branch of the Lithuanian Gediminids dynasty and were direct ancestors of Grand Duke Gediminasby the man's line.

    After Sigismund II Augustus, the dynasty underwent further changes. Sigismund II's heirs were his sisters Anna Jagiellon and Catherine Jagiellon. The latter had married Duke John (a son of King Gustav I), who thereby from 1569 became King John III of Sweden, and they had a son, Sigismund III Vasa; as a result, the Polish branch of the Jagiellonians...

    At one point, the Jagiellonians established dynastic control also over the kingdoms of Bohemia and Hungary (from 1490 onwards), with Vladislaus Jagiello whom several history books call Vladisla(u)s II. After being elected and crowned King of Hungary, Vladislaus moved his court to Hungary from where he ruled both countries and his children were born...

    Works cited

    1. Gierowski, Józef Andrzej (1986). Historia Polski 1505–1764(History of Poland 1505–1764). Warszawa: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe (Polish Scientific Publishers PWN). ISBN 83-01-03732-6. 2. Wyrozumski, Jerzy (1986). Historia Polski do roku 1505(History of Poland until 1505). Warszawa: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe (Polish Scientific Publishers PWN). ISBN 83-01-03732-6.

  4. Alejandro I Jagellón (en polaco: Aleksander Jagiellończyk; en lituano: Aleksandras; Cracovia, 5 de agosto de 1461- Vilna, 19 de agosto de 1506), rey de Polonia y gran duque de Lituania, fue el cuarto hijo de Casimiro IV Jagellón y de Isabel de Habsburgo.

  5. A Ladislao II Jagellón le sucedió, en 1434, su hijo Ladislao III (Cracovia, 1424 - Varna, 1444), rey de Hungría con el nombre de Ladislao V; murió en la batalla de Varna contra los otomanos.

  6. Jagiellon dynasty, family of monarchs of Poland-Lithuania, Bohemia, and Hungary that became one of the most powerful in east central Europe in the 15th and 16th centuries. The dynasty was founded by Jogaila, the grand duke of Lithuania, who married Queen Jadwiga of Poland in 1386, converted to.