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  1. Marshal of the Empire (French: Maréchal d'Empire) was a civil dignity during the First French Empire. It was created by Sénatus-consulte on 18 May 1804 and to a large extent resurrected the formerly abolished title of Marshal of France .

  2. First Marshal of the Empire (Italian: Primo Maresciallo dell'Impero) was a military rank established by the Italian Parliament on March 30, 1938. The highest rank in the Italian military, it was only granted to King Victor Emmanuel III and Duce Benito Mussolini.

    • Kingdom of Italy
    • O-12
  3. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Marshal of the Empire was a civil dignity in the First French Empire between 1804 and 1815. The successor of the dignity, the Marshal of France, is a five-star rank with a NATO code of OF-10, equivalent to an Admiral of France in the French Navy. The distinction was used sporadically and was vacant during ...

    Name
    Born
    Died
    Date Of Promotion
    November 20, 1753
    June 1, 1815
    May 19, 1804
    March 25, 1767
    October 13, 1815
    May 19, 1804
    July 31, 1754
    April 20, 1842
    May 19, 1804
    April 29, 1762
    November 23, 1833
    May 19, 1804
    • 1804
  4. Mariscal del Imperio ( francés: Maréchal d'Empire) fue una dignidad civil durante el Primer Imperio Francés.Fue creado por Sénatus-consulte el 18 de mayo de 1804 y, en gran medida, resucitó el título de Mariscal de Francia, anteriormente abolido .

  5. 13/03/2021 · First Marshal of the Empire (Italian: Primo Maresciallo dell'Impero) was a military rank established by the Italian Parliament on March 30, 1938. The highest rank in the Italian military, it was only granted to King Victor Emmanuel III and Duce Benito Mussolini. The rank was abolished following World War II.

    • Overview
    • Origins
    • Promotions

    Napoleon and several of his Marshals (recognisable due to their white-feathered bicornes) at the Battle of Borodino in 1812. Painting by Vasily Vereshchagin. Marshal of the Empire (Fr. Maréchal d'Empire) was a civil dignity during the First French Empire. It was created by Sénatus-consulte on 18 May 1804 and to a large extent resurrected the formerly abolished title of Marshal of France. According to the Sénatus-consulte, a Marshal was a grand officer of the Empire, entitled to a high...

    Official uniform of a Marshal of the Empire. It was designed by painter Jean-Baptiste Isabey and designer Charles Percier. The French word Maréchal traces its origins back to the Carolingians, from the Ancient German word marascahl, a stable supervisor who took care of the king's horses. With the growing importance of the battle horse during the early Middle Age, the role came to acquire some prestige and began to be known as Marshal of France. Albéric Clément, who led King Philippe ...

    The creation of the new civil dignity allowed Emperor Napoleon I to strengthen his newly created regime by rewarding the most valuable of the generals who had served under his command during his campaigns in Italy and Egypt or soldiers who had held significant commands during the French Revolutionary Wars. Subsequently, other senior generals were promoted on six different occasions, mainly following major battlefield victories. With hindsight, Napoleon's choices for the Marshalate were not alway...

    • History
    • Direct Capetians
    • Valois
    • Valois-Orléans
    • Valois-Angoulême
    • Bourbons
    • First Empire
    • Restoration
    • July Monarchy
    • Second Republic

    The title derived from the office of marescallus Franciae created by King Philip II Augustus of France for Albéric Clément (c.1190). The title was abolished by the National Convention in 1793. It was restored as Marshal of the Empire during the First French Empire by Napoleon. Under the Bourbon Restoration, the title reverted to Marshal of France, and Napoleon IIIkept that designation. After the fall of Napoleon III and the Second French Empire, the Third Republic did not use the title until the First World War, when it was recreated as a military distinction and not a rank. Contrarily to ranks, which are awarded by the army, the distinction of Marshal of France is awarded by a special law voted by the French Parliament. For this reason, it is impossible to demote a Marshal. The most famous case is Philippe Pétain, who was awarded the distinction of Marshal of France for his generalship in World War I, and who was stripped of other positions and titles after his trial for high treas...

    Philip II, 1180–1223

    1. Albéric Clément, Lord of Le Mez(died 1191), Marshal of France in 1185 2. Matthew II of Montmorency, Lord of Montmorency and Marly, Marshal of France in 1191 3. Guillaume de Bournel, (died 1195), Marshal of France in 1192 4. Nivelon d'Arras(died 1204), Marshal of France in 1202 5. Henry I Clément, called the "Little Marshal", Lord of Le Mez and of Argentan(1170–1214), Marshal of France in 1204 6. Jean III Clément, Lord of Le Mez and of Argentan (died 1262), Marshal of France in 1214 7. Guil...

    Louis IX, 1226–1270

    1. Ferry Pasté, Lord of Challeranges (died 1247), Marshal of France in 1240 2. Jean Guillaume de Beaumont(died 1257), Marshal of France in 1250 3. Henri de Cousances(died 1268), Marshal of France in 1255 4. Gauthier III, Lord of Nemours (died 1270), Marshal of France in 1257 5. Henri II Clément, Lord of Le Mez and Argentan (died 1265), Marshal of France in 1262 6. Héric de Beaujeu(died 1270), Marshal of France in 1265 7. Renaud de Précigny(died 1270), Marshal of France in 1265 8. Hugh of Mire...

    Philip III, 1270–1285

    1. Ferry de Verneuil(died 1283), Marshal of France in 1272 2. Guillaume V du Bec Crespin(died 1283), Marshal of France in 1283 3. Jean II d'Harcourt, Viscount of Châtellerault, Lord of Harcourt (died 1302), Marshal of France in 1283 4. Raoul V Le Flamenc(died 1287), Marshal of France in 1285

    Philip VI, 1328–1350

    1. Anseau de Joinville(1265–1343), Marshal of France in 1339 2. Charles I de Montmorency, Lord of Montmorency (1325–1381), Marshal of France in 1344 3. Robert de Waurin, Lord of Saint-Venant (died 1360), Marshal of France in 1344 4. Guy II de Nesle, Lord of Offémont and of Mello (died 1352), Marshal of France in 1345 5. Édouard I de Beaujeu, Lord of Châteauneuf (1316–1351), Marshal of France in 1347

    John II 1350–1364

    1. Arnoul d'Audrehem, Lord of Audrehem (died 1370), Marshal of France in 1351 2. Rogues de Hangest, Lord of Avesnecourt (died 1352), Marshal of France in 1352 3. Jean de Clermont, Lord of Chantilly and of Beaumont (died 1356), Marshal of France in 1352 4. Jean I Le Maingre(1310–1367), Marshal of France in 1356

    Charles V, 1364–1380

    1. Jean IV de Mauquenchy, Lord of Blainville (died 1391), Marshal of France in 1368 2. Louis de Sancerre, Count of Sancerre (1342–1402), Marshal of France in 1369

    Louis XII, 1498–1515

    1. Gian Giacomo Trivulzio, Marquis of Vigevano (1448–1518), Marshal of France in 1499 2. Charles II d'Amboise, Lord of Chaumont, of Meillan and of Charenton (1473–1511), Marshal of France in 1506 3. Odet de Foix, Vicomte de Lautrec, Viscount of Lautrec (1485–1528), Marshal of France in 1511 4. Robert Stewart, Lord of Aubigny, Count of Lennox (1470–1544), Marshal of France in 1514

    Francis I 1515–1547

    1. Jacques II de Chabannes, Lord of La Palice (died 1525), Marshal of France in 1515 2. Gaspard I de Coligny, Lord of Châtillon-sur-Loing (died 1522), Marshal of France in 1516 3. Thomas de Foix-Lescun(died 1525), Marshal of France in 1518 4. Anne I de Montmorency, Duke of Montmorency and of Damville, Count of Beaumont-sur-Oise and of Dammartin, Viscount of Melun, first Baron of France and Grand Master, Constable of Franceetc. (1492–1567), Marshal of France in 1522 5. Théodor Trivulce(1458–15...

    Henry II 1547–1559

    1. Jacques d'Albon de Saint-André, Marquis of Fronsac(died 1562), Marshal of France 1547 2. Robert IV de La Marck, Duke of Bouillon and Prince of Sedan(1520–1556), Marshal of France in 1547 3. Charles de Cossé, Count of Brissac(1505–1563), Marshal of France in 1550 4. Pietro Strozzi(1500–1558), Marshal of France in 1554 5. Paul de La Barthe, Lord of Thermes(1482–1558), Marshal of France in 1558

    Francis II 1559–1560

    1. François de Montmorency, Duke of Montmorency (1520–1563), Marshal of France in 1559

    Henry IV 1589–1610

    1. Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Duc de Bouillon(1555–1623), Marshal of France in 1592. 2. Charles de Gontaut, Duc de Biron(1562–1602), Marshal of France in 1594. 3. Claude de La Chatre, Baron de la Maisonfort(1536–1614), Marshal of France in 1594. 4. Jean de Montluc de Balagny(1560–1603), Marshal of France in 1594. 5. Jean III de Baumanoir, Marquis of Lavardin and Count of Nègrepelisse(1551–1614), Marshal of France in 1595. 6. Henri, Duke of Joyeuse(1567–1608), Marshal of...

    Louis XIII, 1610–1643

    1. Concino Concini, Marquis of Ancre (1575–1617), Marshal of France in 1613. 2. Gilles de Courtenvaux, Marquis of Souvré(1540–1626), Marshal of France in 1614. 3. Antoine, Baron de Roquelaure(1560–1625), Marshal of France in 1614. 4. Louis de La Châtre, Baron de Maisonfort(died 1630), Marshal of France in 1616. 5. Pons de Lauzières-Thémines-Cardaillac, Marquis of Thémines(1553–1627), Marshal of France in 1616. 6. François de La Grange d'Arquien, Lord of Montigny and of Séry in Bérry (1554–161...

    Louis XIV, 1643–1715

    1. César, Duke of Choiseul(1598–1675), Marshal of France in 1645 2. Josias, Count of Rantzau(1609–1650), Marshal of France in 1645 3. Nicolas de Neufville, Duke of Villeroi(1597–1685), Marshal of France in 1646 4. Antoine d'Aumont de Rochebaron, Duc d'Aumont(1601–1669), Marshal of France in 1651 5. Jacques d'Étampes, Marquis of la Ferté-Imbert(1590–1663), Marshal of France in 1651 6. Henri, Duke of la Ferté-Senneterre(1600–1681), Marshal of France in 1651 7. Charles de Mouchy, Marquis d'Hocqu...

    Napoleon I, 1804–1814, 1815

    Throughout his reign, Napoleon created a total of twenty-six Marshals of the Empire: 1. Louis-Alexandre Berthier, Prince of Neuchâtel and of Wagram, Duke of Valengin(1753–1815), Marshal of the Empire in 1804 2. Joachim Murat, Prince d'Empire, Grand Duke of Berg, King of Naples(1767–1815), Marshal of the Empire in 1804 3. Bon-Adrien Jeannot de Moncey, Duke of Conégliano (1754–1842), Marshal of the Empire in 1804 4. Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, Count of the Empire (1762–1833), Marshal of the Empire i...

    Louis XVIII, 1815–1824

    1. Georges Cadoudal (1771–1804), Marshal of France in 1814 (posthumous) 2. Jean Victor Marie Moreau (1763–1813), Marshal of France in 1814 (posthumous) 3. François-Henri de Franquetot de Coigny, Duke of Coigny (1737–1821), Marshal of France in 1816 4. Henri Jacques Guillaume Clarke, Duke of Feltre (1765–1818), Marshal of France in 1816 5. Pierre Riel de Beurnonville, Marquis of Beurnonville (1752–1821), Marshal of France in 1816 6. Charles Joseph Hyacinthe du Houx de Viomesnil, Marquis of Vio...

    Charles X, 1824–1830

    1. Louis Aloy de Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Bartenstein, Prince of Hohnlohe-Waldenburg-Bartenstein (1765–1829), Marshal of France in 1827 2. Nicolas Joseph Maison, Marquis Maison (1771–1840), Marshal of France in 1829 3. Louis Auguste Victor de Ghaisne de Bourmont, Count of Bourmont (1773–1846), Marshal of France in 1830

    Louis-Philippe 1830–1848

    1. Étienne Maurice Gérard, Count Gérard (1773–1852), Marshal of France in 1830 2. Bertrand Clauzel, Count Clauzel (1772–1842), Marshal of France in 1831 3. Emmanuel de Grouchy, Marquis of Grouchy (1766–1847), Marshal of France in 1831 4. Georges Mouton, Count Lobau (1770–1838), Marshal of France in 1831 5. Sylvain Charles Valée, Count Valée (1773–1846), Marshal of France in 1837 6. Horace Sébastiani, Count Sébastiani (1772–1851), Marshal of France in 1840 7. Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Count d'Erlo...

    Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, 1848–1852

    1. Jérôme Bonaparte, former King of Westphalia (1784–1860), Marshal of France in 1850 2. Rémi Joseph Isidore Exelmans, Count Exelmans (1775–1852), Marshal of France in 1851 3. Jean Isidore Harispe, Count Harispe (1768–1855), Marshal of France in 1851 4. Jean-Baptiste Philibert Vaillant, Count Vaillant (1790–1872), Marshal of France in 1851 5. Jacques Leroy de Saint-Arnaud(1798–1854), Marshal of France in 1852 6. Bernard Pierre Magnan(1791–1865), Marshal of France in 1852 7. Boniface de Castel...

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