Medieval or Old Galician, also known by linguists as Galician-Portuguese, developed locally in the Northwest of the Iberian Peninsula from Vulgar Latin, becoming the language spoken and written in the medieval kingdoms of Galicia (from 1230 united with the kingdoms of León and Castille under the same sovereign) and Portugal.
El Antiguo Régimen en Europa, el islam medieval o el Imperio bizantino fueron sociedades urbanas y comerciales, y con un grado de centralización política variable, aunque la explotación del campo se realizaba con relaciones sociales de producción muy similares al feudalismo medieval.
Galicia es una comunidad autónoma española, considerada nacionalidad histórica según su estatuto de autonomía, 5 situada en el noroeste de la península ibérica. Está formada por las provincias de La Coruña, Lugo, Orense y Pontevedra, que se componen de trescientos trece municipios 6 agrupados en cincuenta y tres comarcas.
- Classification and Relation with Portuguese
- Geographic Distribution and Legal Status
- See Also
- Further Reading
- External Links
Modern Galician and Portuguese originated from a common medieval ancestor designated variously by modern linguists as Galician-Portuguese (or as Medieval Galician, Medieval Portuguese, Old Galician or Old Portuguese). This common ancestral stage developed from Vulgar Latin in the territories of the old Kingdom of Galicia, Galicia and Northern Portu...
Galician is spoken by some three million people, including most of the population of Galicia and the numerous Galician communities established elsewhere, in Spain (Madrid, Barcelona, Biscay), in other European cities (Andorra la Vella, Geneva, London, Paris), and in the Americas (New York, New Jersey, Buenos Aires, Córdoba/Argentin...
Latinate Galician charters from the 8th century onward show that the local written Latin was heavily influenced by local spoken Romance, yet is not until the 12th century that there is evidence for the identification of the local language as a language different from Latin itself.During this same 12th century there are full Galician sentences being...
Some authors are of the opinion that Galician possesses no real dialects. Despite this, Galician local varieties are collected in three main dialectal blocks, each block comprising a series of areas, being local linguistic varieties that are all mutually intelligible. Some of the main features which distinguish the three blocks are: 1. The resoluti...
Galician allows pronominal clitics to be attached to indicative and subjunctive forms, as does Portuguese, unlike modern Spanish. After many centuries of close contact between the two languages, Galician has also adopted many loan words from Spanish, and some calquesof Spanish syntax. Galician usually makes the difference according to gender and ca...
The current official Galician orthography is guided by the "Normas ortográficas e morfolóxicas do Idioma Galego" (NOMIGa), first introduced in 1982, by the Royal Galician Academy (RAG), based on a report by the Instituto da Lingua Galega (ILG). These norms were not accepted by some sectors desiring a norm closer to modern Portuguese (see reintegrat...
Castro, Olga (February 2013). "Talking at cross-purposes? The missing link between feminist linguistics and translation studies". Gender and Language. 7 (1): 35–58. doi:10.1558/genl.v7i1.35. Examin...
Galician guides: 1. lingua.gal– Galician government's portal on the Galician language 2. LOIA: Open guide to Galician Language 3. Basic information on Galician language (in Galician, Spanish, and English) Records, phonetic and dialectology: 1. Arquivo do Galego Oral– An archive of records of Galician speakers. 2. A Nosa Fala– Sound recordings of th...
- 2.4 million (2012), 58% of the population of Galicia (c. 1.56 million) are L1 speakers (2007)
- Galicia and adjacent areas in Asturias and Castile and León
- Spain, Galicia
- Latin (Galician alphabet), Galician Braille
The Kingdom of Galicia ( Galician: Reino de Galicia, or Galiza; Spanish: Reino de Galicia; Portuguese: Reino da Galiza; Latin: Galliciense Regnum) was a political entity located in southwestern Europe, which at its territorial zenith occupied the entire northwest of the Iberian Peninsula.