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  1. ICTV announced “severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)” as the name of the new virus on 11 February 2020. This name was chosen because the virus is genetically related to the coronavirus responsible for the SARS outbreak of 2003. While related, the two viruses are different.

    • Origins
    • Name
    • Covid-19
    • Symptoms
    • Shape
    • Conspiracy Theories
    • Medicines
    • Other Websites

    The genetic material of this virus showed many similarities to SARS-CoV (79.5%) and bat coronaviruses (96%). This means the virus may have originally come from bats. Scientists did more experiments that showed the virus probably went from bats to an intermediate host, meaning another animal in between bats and humans. The viruses in that other animal changed over time until they could infect humans. Scientists are close to sure that the original animal was a bat but not sure what the intermediate animal was. Some scientists think it could have been a pangolin because there are coronaviruses that live in pangolins even though they are not exactly the same as SARS-CoV-2 or the ones in bats. Pangolins are an endangered species and buying, selling or moving them from place to place is illegal in China and many other countries. But their scales are an ingredient in many traditional Chinese medicines, so they are often sold on the black market. Although SARS-CoV-2 began in bats, scientist...

    In early February 2020, the International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses' Coronavirus Study Group gave SARS-CoV-2 its official name, for sudden acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus number two. Before that, people called the virus "2019-nCoV," for "novel (new) coronavirus that appeared in 2019." The study group chose this name because the new virus was so similar to another virus that was already called SARS-CoV with no number.

    In February 2020, the World Health Organization announced they had chosen a name for the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2: COVID-19. "Covi" for "coronavirus," "D" for "disease," and "19" for the year 2019. They said they did not want the name to have any person, place, or animal in it, like "Wuhan," or “pangolin,” because then people might blame the disease on that place, person, or animal. They also wanted the name to be easy to say out loud.

    According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, COVID-19 makes people feel sick in different ways, but it usually affects the lungs. People usually cough and have difficulty breathing. They often also have a fever, chills, headache, pain in their muscles, or trouble tasting or smelling things. According to an April 2020 study by the American Gastroenterological Association, COVID-19 can make sick people vomit or have diarrhea but this is rare. They said about 7.7% of COVID-19 patients threw up, about 7.8% had diarrhea and about 3.6% had pain in their stomachs.

    The SARS-CoV-2 virus looks like a round ball with spikes all around it. There are four parts to the virus: the spikes, a membrane, an envelope, and the virus' genetic material, or ribonucleic acid (RNA) Each of these four parts is a different protein molecule. The spikes, membrane, and envelope are together called the viral envelope, or outer layer, of the virus. SARS-CoV-2 is a positive-strand RNA virus, meaning that it uses ribonucleic acid(RNA) to hold the patterns to make the proteins it needs instead of using DNA the way humans and other multicellular living things do.

    In early 2020, some people began to think that the SARS-CoV-2 may have been made on purpose in a laboratory at the Wuhan Institute of Virology and released in Wuhan like a weapon. When the leader of Iran, Ayatollah Khamenei, said that he did not want the United Statesto help his country against coronavirus, he named the idea that Americans had made the virus on purpose to harm Iranains as one of his reasons: "I do not know how real this accusation is but when it exists, who in their right mind would trust you to bring them medication?" said Khamenei. One survey by Pew Research showed 29% of Americans who answered thought SARS-CoV-2 could have been made in a lab on purpose and 23% thought it could have been made in a lab by accident. A survey of people in the United Kingdom showed many of them thought COVID-19 was caused by 5Gwireless networks. On March 17, 2020, scientists from Columbia University and other places published a paper in Nature Medicine showing that SARS-CoV-2 was almo...

    There are no fixed cures for the treatment of COVID-19, but there are various drugs that have been approved for use such as Hydroxychloroquine and Remdesivir which are detailed below. Other antiviral drugs, interferon therapy and combination of anti-viral and interferons are also being experimented on to get the best possible outcome for patients. These treatments are used to reduce the symptoms and to keep the patients comfortable. In April 2020, scientists from the University of Pittsburgh said they had made a vaccine, called PittCoVaccand tested it in mice. Another team of scientists led by Dr. Josef Penninger of the University of British Columbiainvented a medicine called APN01 and tested it in engineered human tissue, meaning human cells put together in a lab to look and act like they were inside a body. The scientists learned that adding human soluble recombinant angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) to these tissues infected with SARS-CoV-2 made it harder for the virus to re...

    • Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
    • Sarbecovirus
  2. El coronavirus de tipo 2 causante del síndrome respiratorio agudo severo, [2] abreviado SARS-CoV-2 (del inglés severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) [3] o SRAS-CoV-2, [2] es un tipo de coronavirus causante de la enfermedad por coronavirus de 2019, [4] [5] [6] cuya expansión mundial provocó la pandemia de COVID-19.

    • Overview
    • Signs and symptoms
    • Transmission
    • Diagnosis
    • Prevention
    • Treatment

    Severe acute respiratory syndrome is a viral respiratory disease of zoonotic origin caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, the first identified strain of the SARS coronavirus species severe acute respiratory syndrome–related coronavirus. The syndrome caused the 2002–2004 SARS outbreak. Around late 2017, Chinese scientists traced the virus through the intermediary of Asian palm civets to cave-dwelling horseshoe bats in Xiyang Yi Ethnic Township, Yunnan. SARS was a...

    SARS produces flu-like symptoms and may include fever, muscle pain, lethargy, cough, sore throat, and other nonspecific symptoms. The only symptom common to all patients appears to be a fever above 38 °C. SARS may eventually lead to shortness of breath and pneumonia; either direct viral pneumonia or secondary bacterial pneumonia. The average incubation period for SARS is 4–6 days, although rarely it could be as short as 1 day or as long as 14 days.

    The primary route of transmission for SARS-CoV is contact of the mucous membranes with respiratory droplets or fomites. While diarrhea is common in people with SARS, the fecal–oral route does not appear to be a common mode of transmission. The basic reproduction number of SARS-CoV, R0, ranges from 2 to 4 depending on different analyses. Control measures introduced in April 2003 reduced the R to 0.4.

    SARS-CoV may be suspected in a patient who has: 1. Any of the symptoms, including a fever of 38 °C or higher, and 2. Either a history of: Contact with someone with a diagnosis of SARS within the last 10 days or Travel to any of the regions identified by the World Health Organization as areas with recent local transmission of SARS. 3. Clinical Criteria of Sars-Cov Diagnosis Early illness: equal to or more than 2 of the following: chills, rigors, myalgia, diarrhea, sore throat Mild-to ...

    There is no vaccine for SARS, although immunologist Anthony Fauci mentioned that the CDC developed one and placed it in the US national stockpile. That vaccine, however, is a prototype and not field-ready as of March 2020. Clinical isolation and quarantine remain the most effective means to prevent the spread of SARS. Other preventive measures include: 1. Hand-washing with soap and water, or use of alcohol-based hand sanitizer 2. Disinfection of surfaces of fomites to remove viruses 3. Avoiding

    As SARS is a viral disease, antibiotics do not have direct effect but may be used against bacterial secondary infection. Treatment of SARS is mainly supportive with antipyretics, supplemental oxygen and mechanical ventilation as needed. While ribavirin is commonly used to treat SARS, there seems to have little to no effect on SARS-CoV, and no impact on patient's outcomes. There is currently no proven antiviral therapy. Tested substances, include ribavirin, lopinavir, ritonavir, type I interferon

    • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with other comorbidities that eventually leads to death
    • Fever, persistent dry cough, headache, muscle pains, difficulty breathing
    • Global Viral Mass
    • Extended-Confirmed-Protected Edit Request on 9 September 2021
    • Extended-Confirmed-Protected Edit Request on 29 September 2021
    • The Laos' Bats Pre Print
    • Wiki Link to Viral Shedding
    • Mad Props to All Contributors

    AFAIK there have been no estimations of the global viral mass of SARS‑CoV‑2, or the mass of a single virion for that matter. What are we dealing with here, a few kilos or what? kencf0618 (talk) 03:39, 6 September 2021 (UTC)[] 1. There is this estimation, but I'm unsure how relevant and meaningful the estimate is for the article. Bakkster Man (talk) 14:45, 7 September 2021 (UTC)[] 1.1. The first estimate I saw was between 10g and 1kg. More recently they have gone closer to the 1kg. Virion mass is known much more accurately, it is the number of virions that is harder to pin down. The mass of a virion is about 1fg. Gah4 (talk) 06:46, 14 September 2021 (UTC)[]

    In the lead, replace Virus with Emergent virus. (talk) 08:30, 9 September 2021 (UTC)[] 1. Not done for now: please establish a consensus for this alteration before using the {{edit extended-protected}} template. I think it's better to link to the actual virus article. ScottishFinnishRadish (talk) 13:35, 9 September 2021 (UTC)[]

    X...Coronaviruses infect humans, other mammals, and avian species, including livestock and companion animals. Y...Coronaviruses infect humans, other mammals, including livestock and companion animals, and avian species. NOTE: This is a trivial edit.The string 'livestock and companion animals' relates to 'other mammals', not 'avian species'.Cheers. Kevbo (talk) 04:09, 29 September 2021 (UTC)[] 1. Done ScottishFinnishRadish (talk) 10:53, 29 September 2021 (UTC)[]

    Why are we allowing the use of the Laos bats preprint? It was inserted in this edit. I suggest we remove it until it passes peer review. Forich (talk) 04:43, 9 October 2021 (UTC)[] 1. I agree, we need to at least wait for it to be peer reviewed, if not waiting for a secondary source. Bakkster Man (talk) 12:17, 9 October 2021 (UTC)[] 2. Yes I would agree. Although we do already have secondary sources about this: (among others). I would just rather wait for the PRIMARY to be peer reviewed before jumping to use any secondary sources. The good news is that it's under consideration and likely fast tracked at a Nature-family journal, so this interim shouldn't last long. — Shibbolethink (♔ ♕) 17:57, 9 October 2021 (UTC)[]

    In the second paragraph of the section titled “Infection and transmission,” please make the text “RNA shedding” into a wiki link that points to Viral shedding. Tylercrompton (talk) 23:50, 11 October 2021 (UTC)[] 1. Done ScottishFinnishRadish (talk) 10:50, 12 October 2021 (UTC)[]

    I love how roughly half the length of this article comprises carefully cited and documented references. Thank you to everyone who has contributed to this article; every Wikipedia article should be this good —PowerPCG5 (talk) 09:35, 12 October 2021 (UTC)[]

  3. SARS-CoV (en inglés: severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, [2] traducido como coronavirus del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave), ocasionalmente llamado SARS-CoV-1 para distinguirlo del SARS-CoV-2, [3] es una especie de coronavirus que causa el síndrome respiratorio agudo grave (SARS, por sus siglas en inglés) que surgió en 2003 en los países del sudeste asiático.

  4. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was an atypical pneumonia. [1] [2] It started in November 2002 in Guangdong Province , in the city of Foshan , of the People's Republic of China . The disease was caused by the SARS coronavirus (SARS CoV), a new coronavirus .