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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Soviet_UnionSoviet Union - Wikipedia

    The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics ( USSR ), was a socialist state that spanned Eurasia during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a federal union of multiple national republics; in practice its government and economy were highly centralized until its final years.

  2. La Unión Soviética fue establecida en diciembre de 1922 como la Unión de las Repúblicas Socialistas Soviéticas de Rusia (conocida como Rusia bolchevique), Ucrania, Bielorrusia y Transcaucasia gobernadas por partidos bolcheviques.

    • Overview
    • 1917–1927
    • 1927–1953
    • 1953–1964
    • 1964–1982
    • 1982–1991

    The history of Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union reflects a period of change for both Russia and the world. Though the terms "Soviet Russia" and "Soviet Union" often are synonymous in everyday speech, when referring to the foundations of the Soviet Union, "Soviet Russia" properly refers to the few years between the October Revolution of 1917 and the creation of the Soviet Union in 1922. However, before 1922 the Soviet Union was multiple independent Soviet Republics, e.g. the RSFSR and Ukrainian

    The original philosophy of the state was primarily based on the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. In its essence, Marx's theory stated that economic and political systems went through an inevitable evolution in form, by which the current capitalist system would be replaced by a Socialist state before achieving international cooperation and peace in a "Workers' Paradise," creating a system directed by, what Marx called, "Pure Communism." Displeased by the relatively few changes made by the

    The history of the Soviet Union between 1927 and 1953 covers the period of the Second World War and of victory against Nazi Germany while the USSR remained under the control of Joseph Stalin. Stalin sought to destroy his political rivals while transforming Soviet society with central planning, in particular a collectivization of agriculture and a development of heavy industry. Stalin's power within the party and the state was established and eventually evolved into Stalin's cult of personality,

    In the Soviet union, the eleven-year period from the death of Joseph Stalin to the political ouster of Nikita Khrushchev, the national politics were dominated by the Cold War; the ideological U.S.–USSR struggle for the planetary domination of their respective socio–economic systems, and the defense of hegemonic spheres of influence. Nonetheless, since the mid-1950s, despite the Communist Party of the Soviet Union having disowned Stalinism, the political culture of Stalinism—an ...

    The history of the Soviet Union from 1964 to 1982, referred to as the Brezhnev Era, covers the period of Leonid Brezhnev's rule of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. This period began with high economic growth and soaring prosperity, but ended with a much weaker Soviet Union facing social, political, and economic stagnation. The average annual income stagnated, because needed economic reforms were never fully carried out.

    The history of the Soviet Union from 1982 through 1991, spans the period from Leonid Brezhnev's death and funeral until the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Due to the years of Soviet military buildup at the expense of domestic development, economic growth stagnated. Failed attempts at reform, a standstill economy, and the success of the United States against the Soviet Union's forces in the war in Afghanistan led to a general feeling of discontent, especially in the Baltic republics and Eastern

  3. El Sóviet de la Unión (ruso: Совет Союза, Soviet Soyuza [1] ) o Sóviet de los Diputados del Pueblo, fue una de las dos cámaras del Sóviet Supremo de la Unión Soviética, creado por la Constitución de la Unión Soviética de 1936. Funcionó entre los años 1938 y 1991.

    • Republics of The Soviet Union
    • Geography, Climate and Environment
    • History
    • Related Pages

    The Soviet Union was made of 15 republics. These were either Soviet Socialist Republics, or Soviet Socialist Federal Republics. Each republic was independent and handled its own cultural affairs. Each also had the right to leave the union, which they did in 1991. The Federal Republics were different in that they had more autonomy, and were made up of states themselves. These were often called Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics. There were a number of them. Most of them still exist; though they are now republics, within the independent state. The Tatar ASSR turned into the Republic of Tatarstan, for example (It is located around Kazan).

    The Soviet Union at its largest size in 1991, with 22,400,000 square kilometres (8,600,000 sq mi), was the world's biggest country. Covering a sixth of the world's lived in land, its size was comparable to North America's. The western part (in Europe) accounted for a quarter of the country's area, and was the country's cultural and economic center. The eastern part (in Asia) extended to the Pacific Ocean to the east and Afghanistan to the south, and was much less lived in than the western part. It was over 10,000 kilometres (6,200 mi) across (11 time zones) and almost 7,200 kilometres (4,500 mi) north to south. Its five climatic (different weather, temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure) zones were tundra, taiga, steppes, desert, and mountains. The Soviet Union had the world's longest border, measuring over 60,000 kilometres (37,000 mi) in 1991. Two thirds of the Soviet border was coastline of the Arctic Ocean. Across the Bering Strait was the United States. The Soviet Union...

    The last Russian Tsar (emperor), Nicholas II, ruled Russia until March 1917, when the Russian Empire was taken over and a short-lived "provisional government" replaced it, led by Alexander Kerensky and soon to be overthrown in November by Bolsheviks. From 1917 to 1922, the country that came before the Soviet Union was the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), which was its own country, as were other Soviet republics at the time. The Soviet Union was officially created in December 1922 as the union of the Russian (also known as Bolshevist Russia), Ukrainian, Byelorussian, and Transcaucasian Soviet republics ruled by the communist Bolshevikparties.

    • Overview
    • Etymology
    • History
    • Duties, functions and responsibilities
    • Leadership
    • Organisation

    The Government of the Soviet Union, formally the All-Union Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, commonly abbreviated to Soviet Government, was the executive and administrative organ of state in the former Soviet Union. It had four different names throughout its existence; Council of People's Commissars, Council of Ministers, Cabinet of Ministers and Committee on the Operational Management of the National Economy. It also was known as Workers-Peasants Government of the Soviet Un

    The name Council of People's Commissars was chosen to distinguish the Soviet government from its bourgeois counterparts, especially its tsarist predecessor the Council of Ministers. However, scholar Derek Watson states that "the term 'commissar' was regarded as interchangeable with 'minister', and there seems little doubt that the Bolshevik leaders meant 'minister'." Joseph Stalin, in a speech to the II Supreme Soviet in March 1946, argued to change the name of government from Council of People'

    The Treaty on the Creation of the Soviet Union saw the establishment of the All-Union Congress of Soviets and its Central Executive Committee. The Congress of Soviets held legislative responsibilities and was the highest organ of state power, while the CEC was to exercise the pow

    Stalin's power grab in the 1930s had weakened the formal institutions of governance, both in the party and government. Scholar T. H. Rigby writes that "all institutions had gradually dissolved in the acid of despotism", and that from 1946 until Stalin's death in 1953 "only the mo

    The Post-Stalin Era saw several changes to the government apparatus, especially during Nikita Khrushchev's leadership. At first, the new leadership sought to solve problems within the existing bureaucratic framework, however, by 1954 the government initiated reforms which devolve

    The government was the highest executive and administrative body of the Soviet state. It was formed at the 1st Plenary Session of the Supreme Soviet, and had to consist of the government chairman, his first deputies, deputies, ministers, state committees chairmen and the republican governmental chairmen. The premier could recommend individuals who he found suitable for membership in the governmental council to the Supreme Soviet. The government tendered its resignation to the first plenary sessi

    The government chairman was until the establishment of the Cabinet of Ministers in 1991 the Soviet head of government. The officeholder was responsible for convening the government and its Presidium, reporting to the Supreme Soviet on behalf of the government and leading the work

    The government appointed first deputy chairmen and deputy chairmen to assist the work of the government chairman. These deputies worked with the responsibilities allocated to them by the government. They could coordinate the activities of ministries, state committees and other or

    The Administrator of Affairs was tasked with co-signing decrees and resolutions made by government with the government chairman. The government apparatus prepared items of policy, which the officeholder would check systematically against decrees of the party-government. This func

    USSR state committees were different from the ministries in that a state committee was primarily responsible for several parts of government as opposed to the one specific topic for which a ministry was solely responsible. Therefore, many state committees had jurisdiction over ce

    According to the Soviet constitution, ministries were divided into all-union and union-republican. All-Union ministries managed the branch of state administration entrusted to them throughout the entire Soviet Union directly or through the organs appointed by them, while the unio

    • Historia
    • Estructura
    • Presidentes Del Presídium Del Sóviet Supremo de La URSS
    • Presidentes Del Soviet Supremo de La URSS
    • Véase también
    • Referencias

    El Sóviet Supremo de la Unión Soviética fue establecido por la Constitución Soviética de 1936. Como máximo órgano representativo del poder estatal en la URSS, reemplazó al Congreso de los Sóviets y al Comité Ejecutivo Central. Este último continuó funcionando hasta la primera sesión del Sóviet Supremo de la Unión Soviética, que tuvo lugar en Moscú el 12 de enero de 1938. Las elecciones de los diputados al Soviet Supremo se llevaron a cabo mediante sufragio universal, igual y directo.

    Cámaras

    El Sóviet Supremo estaba compuesto por dos cámaras, cada una con poderes legislativos iguales y con miembros elegidos por períodos de cuatro años:[2]​ 1. El Sóviet de la Unión, elegido sobre la base de la población comprendía un diputado por cada 300.000 habitantes de la federación soviética. 2. El Sóviet de las Nacionalidades, que representaba las poblaciones étnicas, con miembros elegidos sobre la base de 32 diputados de cada república de la Unión (excluyendo las repúblicas autónomas, óblas...

    Error en la cita: Existen etiquetas para un grupo llamado «lower-alpha», pero no se encontró la etiqueta correspondiente.

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