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  1. › wiki › 13th_century13th century - Wikipedia

    The 13th century was the century which lasted from January 1, 1201 ( MCCI) through December 31, 1300 ( MCCC) in accordance with the Julian calendar. The term is almost synonymous with "the 1200s", the century between January 1, 1200, and December 31, 1299.

  2. The biblical tradition of the sons of Jacob, apparently originating from the Aram Naharayim or "Aram of the two rivers", in the loop of the Euphrates, around the towns of Harran and Nahur, seems to confirm that this region was populated by Proto-Aramaic pastors around the 13th century BC.

  3. The 13th century is the time from 1201 to 1300.. Subcategories. This category has the following 40 subcategories, out of 40 total.

  4. The 13th century was the century from 1201 to 1300.. Decades and years. Note: years before or after the 13th century are in italics.

    • 12th century, 13th century, 14th century
    • 2nd millennium
    • Events
    • New Works
    • Births
    • Deaths
    • See Also
    1204 – The Imperial Library of Constantinople is destroyed by Christian knights of the Fourth Crusadeand its contents burned or sold.
    1211 – Hélinand of Froidmont begins compiling his Chronicon.
    1220 – A nw shrine built at Canterbury Cathedral in England to house the remains of St Thomas Becket quickly becomes one of Europe's major places of pilgrimage, and the destination of the fictional...
    1226: By August – The biographical poem L'histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal, commissioned to commemorate William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (died 1219), a rare example at this time of a life of...
    13th century
    c. 1200
    Early 13th century
    c. 1203 – Hartmann von Aue – Iwein
    c. 1200 – Matthew Paris, English chronicler and monk (died 1259)
    1205 – Tikkana, Telugupoet (died 1288)
    1207: September 9 – Rumi, Persianpoet (died 1273)
    c. 1210 – Henry de Bracton, English cleric and jurist (died c. 1268)
    Unknown – Palkuriki Somanatha, Telugu, Kannada and Sanskritpoet
    c. 1210 – Gottfried von Strassburg, German writer
    1212 – Adam of Dryburgh, Anglo-Scots theologian (born c. 1140)
    • Overview
    • High scholasticism and its contemporaries
    • Western religious orders
    • Crusades
    • Second Council of Lyon
    • Serbian Church

    The Eastern Roman imperial church headed by Constantinople continued to assert its universal authority. By the 13th century this assertion was becoming increasingly irrelevant as the Eastern Roman Empire shrank and the Ottoman Turks took over most of what was left of the Byzantine Empire. The other Eastern European churches in communion with Constantinople were not part of its empire and were increasingly acting independently, achieving autocephalous status and only nominally acknowledging Const

    Scholasticism originally began to reconcile the philosophy of the ancient classical philosophers with medieval Christian theology. It is not a philosophy or theology in itself, but a tool and method for learning which puts emphasis on dialectical reasoning. The primary purpose of scholasticism was to find the answer to a question or resolve a contradiction. It is most well known in its application in medieval theology, but was eventually applied to classical philosophy and many other fields of s

    The monastic orders, especially the Benedictines, Cistercians, and Premonstratensians, continued to have an important role in the Catholic Church throughout the 13th century. The Mendicant Orders, which focused on poverty, preaching and other forms of pastoral ministry, were founded at this time. The four Mendicant Orders recognized by the Second Council of Lyon are: 1. The Order of Preachers, founded in 1215 by St. Dominic de Guzman. 2. The Friars Minor, founded in 1209 by St. Francis of Assisi

    The Fourth Crusade, authorized by Innocent III in 1202, intended to retake the Holy Land but was soon subverted by Venetians who used the forces to sack the Christian city of Zara. Eventually the crusaders arrived in Constantinople, but rather than proceed to the Holy Land the crusaders instead sacked Constantinople and other parts of Asia Minor effectively establishing the Latin Empire of Constantinople in Greece and Asia Minor. This was effectively the last crusade sponsored by the papacy; lat

    The Second Council of Lyon was convoked to act on a pledge by Byzantine emperor Michael VIII to reunite the Eastern church with the West. Wishing to end the Great Schism that divided Rome and Constantinople, Gregory X had sent an embassy to Michael VIII Palaeologus, who had reconquered Constantinople, putting an end to the remnants of the Latin Empire in the East, and he asked Latin despots in the East to curb their ambitions. On June 29, 1274, Gregory X offered Mass in St John's Church, where b

    In 1217, Stefan Nemanjić was proclaimed King of Serbia, and various questions of the church reorganization were opened. On 15 August 1219, during the feast of the Dormition of the Mother of God, archimandrite Sava was consecrated by Patriarch Manuel I of Constantinople in Nicaea as the first Archbishop of the autocephalous Serbian Church. The patriarch of Constantinople and his Synod thus appointed Sava as the first archbishop of "Serbian and coastal lands." In the same year, Archbishop ...

  5. Tabla anual del siglo XIII. Mapa mundial (excepto América) en torno al año 1200. El siglo xiii d. C. ( siglo decimotercero después de Cristo) o siglo xiii e. c. ( siglo decimotercero de la era común ). Es llamado el « Siglo de los Castillos » comenzó el 1 de enero de 1201 y terminó el 31 de diciembre de 1300 . Después de sus conquistas ...

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