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1883. Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada. Este aviso fue puesto el 27 de noviembre de 2020. 1883 ( MDCCCLXXXIII) fue un año común comenzado en lunes según el calendario gregoriano .
1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1883rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 883rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 19th century, and the 4th year of the 1880s decade.
1883. Births. February 7 – Eubie Blake, American musician and composer. April 7 – Gino Severini Italian painter (d. 1966) April 15 – Stanley Bruce, 8th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967) July 29 – Benito Mussolini, Italian dictator.
1. President: Chester A. Arthur (R-New York) 2. Vice President: vacant 3. Chief Justice: Morrison Waite (Ohio) 4. Speaker of the House of Representatives: J. Warren Keifer (R-Ohio) (until March 4), John G. Carlisle (D-Kentucky) (starting December 3) 5. Congress: 47th (until March 4), 48th(starting March 4)
1. January 10 – A fire at the Newhall Hotel in Milwaukeekills 73 people. 2. January 16 – The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, reforming the United States civil service with the aim to end the spoils system, becomes law. 3. January 19 – The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires begins service in Roselle, New Jersey (it was built by Thomas Edison). 4. February 23 – Alabama becomes the first U.S. state to enact an antitrust law. 5. February 28 – The first vaudeville theater...
1. April 13 – Prospector Alferd Packer convicted of manslaughter after being accused of cannibalism. 2. April 30 – New York Governor Grover Cleveland signs a bill authorizing protection of land for Niagara Falls State Park, which would eventually lead to the Niagara Reservation being established two years later in 1885. 3. May 19 – Buffalo Bill's Wild West ShowDebuts In Omaha Nebraska 4. May 24 – Brooklyn Bridgeis opened to traffic after 13 years of construction. 5. May 30 – In New York City,...
1. August – Senator George Vest, along with President Chester A. Arthur, with cabinet members, begin a fishing trip to Yellowstone Parkfor two weeks, becoming the first sitting president to visit the park, and bringing national attention to Yellowstone. 2. August 1 – President Chester A. Arthur Opens the First Southern ExpositionIn Louisville. 3. September 5 – Mary F. Hoyt becomes the first woman appointed to the U.S. federal civil service (and the second person appointed by examination (in w...
September 27 – The Boston Red Stockings clinch their First National League pennant with a 4–1 win over the Cleveland Blues.January 10January 19 – Waite Phillips, businessman and philanthropist (died 1964)January 20 – Enoch L. Johnson, political boss and racketeer (died 1968)January 25 – Homer Bone, U.S. Senator from Washington from 1933 to 1944 (died 1970)January 10 – Samuel Mudd, physician imprisoned for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (born 1833)January 12 – Clark Mills, sculptor (born 1810)January 13 – Webster Wagner, inventor, manufacturer and politician (born 1817)February 16 – Stephen P. Hempstead, 2nd Governor of Iowa from 1850 to 1854 (born 1812)
- Early phase
- Climactic phase
- Possible causes
- Verbeek investigation
The 1883 eruption of Krakatoa in the Sunda Strait began on 20 May 1883 and peaked on the late morning of Monday, 27 August 1883, when over 70% of the island of Krakatoa and its surrounding archipelago were destroyed as it collapsed into a caldera. The eruption was one of the deadliest and most destructive volcanic events in recorded history and explosions were so violent that they were heard 3,110 kilometres away in Perth, Western Australia, and Rodrigues near Mauritius, 4,800 kilometres away. T
In the years before the 1883 eruption, seismic activity around the Krakatoa volcano was intense, with earthquakes felt as far away as Australia. Beginning on 19 May 1883, steam venting began to occur regularly from Perboewatan, the northernmost of the island's three cones. Eruptions of ash reached an estimated altitude of 6 km and explosions could be heard in New Batavia 160 km away. Eruptions at Krakatoa started again around 16 June, with loud explosions of a thick black cloud covering the isla
By 25 August, the Krakatoa eruptions intensified. At about 1:00 pm on 26 August, the volcano went into its paroxysmal phase. By 2:00 pm, a black cloud of ash could be seen 27 kilometres high. At this point, the eruption was almost continuous and explosions could be heard every ten minutes or so. Ships within 20 km of the volcano reported heavy ash fall, with pieces of hot pumice up to 10 cm in diameter landing on their decks. Between 7:00 pm and 8:00 pm, a small tsunami hit the shores of Java an
The combination of pyroclastic flows, volcanic ash, and tsunamis associated with the Krakatoa eruptions had disastrous regional consequences. Some land in Banten, approximately 90 km south, was never repopulated; it reverted to jungle and is now the Ujung Kulon National Park. The official death toll recorded by the Dutch authorities was 36,417.
The fate of northern Krakatoa has been the subject of some dispute among geologists. It was originally proposed that the island had been blown apart by the force of the eruption. Most of the material deposited by the volcano is clearly magmatic in origin, and the caldera formed by the eruption is not extensively filled with deposits from the 1883 eruption. This indicates that the island subsided into an empty magma chamber at the end of the eruption sequence, rather than having been destroyed du
Although the violent phase of the 1883 eruption was over by late afternoon of 27 August, after light returned by 29 August, reports continued for months that Krakatoa was still in eruption. One of the earliest duties of Verbeek's committee was to determine if this was true and also verify reports of other volcanoes erupting on Java and Sumatra. In general, these were found to be false, and Verbeek discounted any claims of Krakatoa still erupting after mid-October as due to steaming of hot materi
- 20 May 1883
- 21 October 1883 (?)