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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › EdinburghEdinburgh - Wikipedia

    Edinburgh is also home to The Royal Yacht Britannia, decommissioned in 1997 and now a five-star visitor attraction and evening events venue permanently berthed at Ocean Terminal. Edinburgh contains Scotland's three National Galleries of Art as well as numerous smaller art galleries.

    • 1633
    • Before 7th century AD
    • 47 m (154 ft)
    • Scotland
  2. Edinburgh Park es una zona de negocios ubicada al oeste de la ciudad cerca del aeropuerto de Edimburgo, y ahora tiene su propia estación de tren. HSBC, Royal Bank of Scotland y HBOS han establecido sus grandes centros de oficinas en esta zona.

    • Origins
    • Northumbrian Edinburgh
    • Medieval Burgh
    • Reformation Era
    • Union of The Crowns to Parliamentary Union
    • 18th Century
    • Scottish Enlightenment
    • 19th Century
    • 20th Century
    • Recent Developments

    The earliest known human habitation in the Edinburgh area is from Cramond where evidence has been found of a Mesolithic site dated to c.8500 BC. Traces of later Bronze Age and Iron Age settlements have been found on the Castle Rock, Arthur's Seat, Craiglockhart Hill and the Pentland Hills. The culture of these early inhabitants bears similarities with the Celtic cultures of the Iron Age found at Hallstatt and La Tène in central Europe.[citation needed] When the Romans arrived in the Lothian area towards the end of the 1st century AD, they discovered a Celtic Brythonic tribe whose name they recorded as the Votadini. The Romans established a fort at Cramond, within what later grew to be Edinburgh, which they connected to York with the Roman Road known as Dere Street. At some point before the 7th century AD, the Gododdin, presumed descendants of the Votadini, built a hillfort known as Din Eidyn in the area of Eidyn, modern Edinburgh. Although the exact location of the hillfort has not...

    The Angles of the Kingdom of Bernicia had a significant influence on what would be successively Bernicia, Northumbria and finally south-east Scotland, notably from AD 638 when it appears that the Gododdin stronghold was besieged by forces loyal to King Oswald of Northumbria. Whether or not this battle marked the precise passing of control over the hillfort of Etin from the Brythonic Celts to the Northumbrians, it was around this time that the Edinburgh region came under Northumbrian rule. In the following years the Angles extended their influence west and north of Edinburgh but following their defeat at the Battle of Nechtansmere in AD 685 Edinburgh may have come to mark the north west extremity of the Angles' kingdom. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, in 710 the Angles fought against the Picts between the rivers Avon and Carron which flow into the River Forth from the south about 20 miles west of Edinburgh. Though not exclusive, Anglian influence predominated from the mid-sev...

    In AD 973 during a royal council at Chester, the English king Edgar the Peaceful formally granted Lothian to Kenneth II, King of Scots. The historian Marjorie Anderson holds that this was the key event in assuring Scottish rule over Lothian. By the early 11th century the Scottish hold over the area was secured when Malcolm II ended the Northumbrian threat by his victory at the battle of Carham in 1018. While Malcolm Canmore (r.1058–1093) kept his court and residence at Dunfermline, north of the Forth, he began spending more time at Edinburgh where he built a chapel for his wife Margaret to carry out her devotions. St. Margaret's Chapel within Edinburgh Castle has been traditionally regarded as Edinburgh's oldest extant building, though most scholars now believe that in its surviving form it was more likely built by Margaret's youngest son David Iin his mother's memory. In the wake of the Norman Harrying of the North (1069–70), refugees fled from northern England to lowland Scotland,...

    The town played a central role in events leading to the establishment of Protestantism in the mid-16th century Scottish Reformation (see Siege of Leith). During her brief reign the Catholic Mary, Queen of Scots, who returned to Scotland from France in 1561, suffered from the deep discord that had been sown prior to her arrival. Protestant nobles and churchmen fearing that her personal faith and claim to the English throne, if successful, might lead eventually to a return to Catholicism remained implacably hostile to her rule. Although she was initially welcomed by the general population, the tragic chain of events that unfolded during her residence at Holyrood Palace, including the murders of her secretary David Rizzio and consort Henry Darnley, reached a crisis point which resulted in her forced abdication in 1567. Through his preaching at St. Giles calling for her execution as an adulteress and murderess one of the town's Protestant ministers John Knox inflamed popular opinion aga...

    In 1603 King James VI of Scotland succeeded to the English throne, uniting the monarchies of Scotland and England in a regal union known as the Union of the Crowns. In all other respects Scotland remained a separate kingdom retaining the Parliament of Scotland in Edinburgh. King James VI moved to London where he held court, relying on a Privy Council to effect his rule in Scotland.Despite promising to return to his northern kingdom every three years, he returned only once, in 1617. In the period 1550 to 1650, Edinburgh's town council was controlled by merchants despite efforts by the king's agents to manipulate it. The most important factors in obtaining the office were social status, followed by wealth; a person's religion made relatively little difference. Dingwall finds that 76% of the men inherited burgess status from their father or their father-in-law. Stiff Presbyterian opposition to King Charles I's attempt to introduce Anglican forms of worship and church governance in the...

    By the first half of the 18th century, rising prosperity was evidenced by the growth of the Bank of Scotland, Royal Bank of Scotland and British Linen Bank, all based in the city. However Edinburgh was one of the most densely populated, overcrowded and unsanitary towns in the whole of Europe. Daniel Defoe's remark was typical of many English visitors, "... though many cities have more people in them, yet, I believe, this may be said with truth, that in no city in the world [do] so many people live in so little room as at Edinburgh". A striking characteristic of Edinburgh society in the 18th century, often remarked upon by visitors,was the close proximity and social interaction of the various social classes. Tradesmen and professionals shared the same buildings. One historian has ventured to suggest that Edinburgh's living arrangements may themselves have played a part in engendering the spirit of social inquiry associated with the thinkers of the Scottish Enlightenment: "Its tall la...

    Union with England in 1707 meant the end of the Scottish Parliament and saw members of parliament, aristocrats and placemenmove to London. Scottish law, however, remained entirely separate from English law, with the result that the law courts and legal profession continued to exist in Edinburgh; as did the University and medical establishments. Lawyers, Presbyterian divines, professors, medical men and architects, formed a new intellectual middle-class elite that dominated the city and facilitated the Scottish Enlightenment. From the late 1740s onwards, Edinburgh began to gain an international reputation as a centre of ideas, especially in philosophy, history, science, economics and medicine. The Faculty of Medicine at the University of Edinburgh, formed in 1726, soon attracted students from across Britain and the American colonies. Its chief sponsor was Archibald Campbell (1682–1761), 1st earl of Islay, later 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scotland's most influential political leader.It serve...

    Although Edinburgh's traditional industries of printing, brewing and distilling continued to grow in the 19th century and were joined by new firms in rubber, engineering, and pharmaceuticals, there was little industrialisation compared with other cities in Britain. By 1821, Edinburgh had been overtaken by Glasgow as Scotland's largest city. Glasgow had benefited initially from the Atlantic trade with North America, and now became a major manufacturing centre of the British Empire. Edinburgh's city centre between Princes Street and George Street became a predominantly commercial and shopping district, sweeping away most of the original Georgian architecture of that part of the New Town.This development was partly stimulated by the advent of railways penetrating the city centre from east and west in the 1840s. In the meantime the Old Town continued to decay into an increasingly dilapidated, overcrowded slum with high mortality rates, and was practically segregated socially from the re...

    During the First World War, Edinburgh was bombed on the night of 2–3 April 1916. Two German Zeppelins dropped high explosive and incendiary bombs on, among other places, Leith, the Mound, Lothian Road, the Castle Rock and the Grassmarket. Eleven civilian deaths, numerous injuries and property damage resulted. Owing to its comparative lack of industry, Edinburgh was not targeted as part of the German bombing campaign against British cities in the early part of the Second World War. The port of Leith was hit on 22 July 1940 when a 1000 lb bomb fell on the Albert Dock, though it is unclear whether the originally intended target had been the well-defended Rosyth Dockyard. Bombs were dropped on at least 11 other occasions between June 1940 and July 1942 in what appear to have been opportunistic attacks by bombers jettisoning their remaining load while returning from the main target (e.g. Clydebank or Belfast). The city therefore escaped major loss of life and damage during the war and em...

    Since the 1990s a new "financial district", including a new Edinburgh International Conference Centre, has grown mainly on demolished railway property to the west of the castle, stretching into Fountainbridge, a run-down 19th-century industrial suburb which has undergone radical change since the 1980s with the demise of industrial and brewery premises. This ongoing development has enabled Edinburgh District to maintain its place as the second largest financial and administrative centre in the United Kingdom after London. Financial services now account for a third of all commercial office space in the city. The development of Edinburgh Park, a new business and technology park covering 38 acres, 4 miles west of the city centre, has also been a key element in the District Council's strategy for the city's economic regeneration. In 1998, the Scotland Act, which came into force the following year, established a devolved Scottish Parliament and Scottish Executive (renamed the Scottish Gov...

  3. Edinburgh (Indiana) /  39.3528, -85.9675. Edinburgh es un pueblo ubicado en el condado de Johnson en el estado estadounidense de Indiana. En el Censo de 2010 tenía una población de 4480 habitantes y una densidad poblacional de 556,36 personas por km².

  4. Edinburgh / ˈ ɛ d ɪ n b ɜːr ɡ / is a town in Bartholomew, Johnson, and Shelby counties in the U.S. state of Indiana. The population was 4,480 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Columbus, Indiana metropolitan statistical area .

    • United States
    • 46.1K
    • 673 ft (205 m)
    • Indiana
    • Name
    • Geografie
    • Geschichte
    • Bevölkerung
    • Politik und Verwaltung
    • Wirtschaft und Infrastruktur
    • Kultur
    • Weblinks
    • Einzelnachweise

    Das Vorderglied im Namen Edinburgh ist kumbrisch (keltisch) Eydin, der frühmittelalterliche Name der Region, in der heute Edinburgh liegt. Als ursprünglicher Stadtname ist damit kumbrisch Din Eydin „Burg von Eydin“ zu erschließen. Die Bedeutung des Landschaftsnamens Eydin ist unbekannt. Die im nachmaligen Südschottland eindringenden Angelsachsen übersetzten kumbrisch din mit ihrem gleichbedeutenden burh, woraus sich das heutige Edinburghentwickelte. Oft wird die Stadt auch „Athen des Nordens“ (nach einem Zitat von Theodor Fontane), „Stadt der sieben Hügel“ oder „Festival-Stadt“ genannt. Sir Walter Scott nannte sie My own romantic town. Überholt ist der Beiname Auld Reekie „Alte Verräucherte“, den Edinburgh seinen früher beständig rauchenden Fabrikschornsteinen verdankte. Schottische Auswanderer haben den Namen Edinburghs in die Welt getragen. Heute findet er sich in Indiana und – mit dem gälischen Namen Dunedin – in Neuseeland und Florida.

    Umgebung Edinburghs

    Nur etwa 15 km nordwestlich überspannt die Forth Bridge den Firth of Forth. 10 km östlich der Stadt ist der Strand von Portobello (Edinburgh). Vor den Pentland Hills liegt Fairmilehead, der südlichste und höchstgelegene Stadtteil Edinburghs.

    Es gibt zahlreiche vorgeschichtliche Relikte im Edinburgher Stadtgebiet. Vor der Trockenlegung des Bereichs gab es Seen und Sümpfe zwischen den Hügeln, auf denen die Wohnplätze und Siedlungen lagen. Während der letzten zwei Jahrhunderte wurden prähistorische Grabstätten (Arthur’s Seat) und Horte mit Bronzeartefakten entdeckt. In der Straße Caiystane View steht in Richtung auf die Oxgangs Road ein großer Menhir (englisch Standing stone) mit Schälchen (englisch cup marks). Neben dem Newbridge Kreisverkehr, auf der Westseite der Stadt, liegt das bronzezeitliche Ritualzentrum am Huly Hill Cairn. Es gibt eisenzeitliche Befestigungen aus dem 1. Jahrtausend v. Chr. auf dem Wester Craiglockhart Hill und auf dem Hillend, dem nächstgelegenen der Pentland Hills. Mesolithische Spuren und die eines römischen Kastells liegen in Cramond, einem Dorf am Rande von Edinburgh. Die Statue einer Löwin, die einen Mann verschlingt, wurde in der Mündung des Almond (Firth of Forth) gefunden. Ein Piktischer S...

    Die meisten Einwohner Edinburghs sind Schotten, daneben gibt es viele Iren und auch Deutsche, Polen, Italiener, Ukrainer, Pakistaner, Sikhs, Bengalen, Chinesen und Engländer. Es gibt Schulen für katholische und protestantische Kinder. Im Juli findet in Edinburgh jedes Jahr einer der größten Orange Walks außerhalb Nordirlands statt (zum Gedenken an den protestantischen Sieg in der Schlacht am Boyne).

    Übergeordnete Verwaltung

    Edinburgh ist die historische Hauptstadt von Schottland und der früheren Grafschaft Edinburghshire, die heute Midlothian heißt. Neben Glasgow, Dundee und Aberdeen war Edinburgh seit 1890 eines der vier Counties of cities in Schottland. 1975 wurde Edinburgh zu einem District der Region Lothian und 1996 wurde die Stadt im Rahmen der Einführung einer einstufigen Verwaltungsstruktur zur Council Area City of Edinburgh. Edinburgh ist auch eine der Lieutenancy Areasvon Schottland. Der Edinburgh City...

    Stadtwappen

    Edinburgh hatte schon seit dem 14. Jahrhundert ein Stadtwappen, es wurde aber erst 1732 vom Lord Lyon King of Arms offiziell erwähnt. Nach der Verwaltungsreform 1975 gab der City of Edinburgh District Council nach historischer Vorlage ein neues Wappen in Auftrag: Im Schild, über dem die schottische Krone und ein Admiralitätsanker prangen, ist der schwarze Basaltfelsen mit der Burg zu erkennen, deren Türme rote Fahnen tragen. Das Stadtmotto „Nisi Dominus Frustra“, dem 127. Psalm entnommen, pro...

    Städtepartnerschaften

    Edinburgh unterhält offizielle bilaterale Beziehungen mit anderen Städten. Diese Kooperationen haben zum Ziel, den Austausch von Informationen und Fachwissen in Bereichen von gemeinsamem Interesse zu ermöglichen. Die Partnerschaft mit München hat dynastische Gründe. Als Urenkel von Maria Theresia von Modena, einer Nachfahrin der Stuarts, könnte Herzog Franz von BayernAnsprüche auf den schottischen Thron erheben.

    Dienstleistungen und Handel

    Traditionell ist Edinburgh ein wichtiges Handelszentrum, das Schottland mit Skandinavienund Kontinentaleuropa verbindet. Die Bedeutung des Hafens von Leith hat allerdings in den letzten Jahrzehnten stetig abgenommen. Edinburgh hat nach London die zweitstärkste Wirtschaft aller Städte im Vereinigten Königreich und mit 53 % der Bevölkerung den höchsten Anteil an Arbeitnehmern mit einem beruflichen Abschluss. Im UK Competitiveness Index 2013, der die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit britischer Städte vergle...

    Verkehr

    Edinburgh ist als wichtiger Verkehrsknotenpunkt mit Eisenbahn- und Straßenverbindungen mit dem übrigen Schottland und mit England verbunden. Der öffentliche Personenverkehr innerhalb der Stadt wird durch ein umfassendes Busnetz bedient (Lothian Buses), das den größten Teil der Verbindungen ohne Umsteigen (Einzelfahrscheine berechtigen nicht zum Umsteigen) abdeckt. Nach positivem Ausgang der Abstimmung im schottischen Parlament im Juni 2007 (gegen die Vorbehalte der SNP-Minderheitsregierung) b...

    Bildung

    Edinburgh hat drei international bekannte Universitäten, die Edinburgh Napier University, die Heriot-Watt University mit der Edinburgh Business School und die Universität Edinburgh (ebenfalls mit Business School), wobei letztere neben Universitäten wie Oxford oder Cambridge zu den besten Großbritanniens zählt. Seit 2007 kann sich das Queen Margaret University College im Vorort Musselburghauch Universität nennen. Hier hat die 1834 gegründete Edinburgh Geological Society (Edinburger Geologische...

    Museen

    Die Scottish National Gallery beherbergt repräsentative Sammlungen der europäischen Malerei mit einigen bekannten Highlights und zeigt wechselnde Sonderausstellungen. Die Sammlungen der Dachorganisation National Galleries of Scotlandsind in fünf Galerien im Stadtgebiet von Edinburgh verteilt: 1. Scottish National Gallery 2. Royal Scottish Academy Building 3. Dean Gallery 4. Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art 5. Scottish National Portrait Gallery 6. National Museum of Scotland In Edinburg...

    Theater

    Die Usher Hallist eine Konzerthalle für klassische Musik im Westteil der Stadt an der Lothian Road. Hier spielt regelmäßig auch das Royal Scottish National Orchestra. Das Royal Lyceum Theatre, benannt nach seinem berühmten Londoner Vorläufer, wurde 1883 erbaut und bietet 658 Zuschauern Platz. Es gibt zwei Multiplex-Kinocenter sowie das Edinburgh Filmhouse, wo das jährliche Edinburgh Film Festival ausgerichtet wird.

    ↑ Mid 2019 Estimates of the population for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland
    ↑ Eintrag auf Merriam-Webster.com
    ↑ Margaret Gelling, W. F. H. Nicolaisen. Melville Richards: The Names of Towns and Cities in Britain. Batsford, London 1970, ISBN 978-0-7134-5235-8, S. 88 f.
    ↑ The Caiy Stane Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland.Abgerufen am 27. Februar 2020.
    • 524.930 (Stand: 2019)
    • 262 km² (101,16 mi²)
    • Midlothian
    • NT275735
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    Search for Accommodation Edinburgh. Research & compare results on Alot.com. Find all the info you need for Accommodation Edinburgh online on Alot.com. Search now!