Hesse-Darmstadt ( Landgraviato de Hesse-Darmstadt desde 1568, Gran Ducado de Hesse y el Rin a partir de 1816) fue un antiguo Estado vasallo del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico, en el actual territorio de Alemania, y plenamente independiente desde 1806. Su historia comprende desde 1568 hasta 1918.
Jorge de Hesse-Darmstadt, conocido también como Jorge de Darmstadt, Príncipe de Hesse, Príncipe de Darmstadt o Príncipe de Hesse-Darmstadt ( Darmstadt, 1669 - Barcelona, 14 de septiembre de 1705 ), fue un príncipe y militar alemán, hijo del landgrave de Hesse-Darmstadt.
The Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt was a State of the Holy Roman Empire, ruled by a younger branch of the House of Hesse. It was formed in 1567 following the division of the Landgraviate of Hesse between the four sons of Landgrave Philip I. The residence of the landgraves was in Darmstadt, hence the name. As a result of the Napoleonic Wars, the la...
The landgraviate comprised the southern Starkenburg territory with the Darmstadt residence and the northern province of Upper Hesse with Alsfeld, Giessen, Grünberg, the northwestern hinterland estates around Gladenbach, Biedenkopf and Battenberg as well as the exclave of Vöhl in Lower Hesse.
The Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt came into existence in 1567, when George, youngest of the four sons of Landgrave Philip I "the Magnanimous", received the Hessian lands in the former upper County of Katzenelnbogen. His eldest brother William IV received the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel, while the second son Louis IV obtained Hesse-Marburg, and t...
- State of the Holy Roman Empire
- títulos, órdenes Y Empleos
Fue el tercero de los cuatro hijos de Luis II de Hesse-Darmstadt y de Guillermina de Baden. Aunque Alejandro es famoso por su escandaloso matrimonio, también lo es por las dudas sobre su paternidad, pues existen rumores —posiblemente certeros— que dicen que tanto él como su hermana Maríaeran hijos del barón Augusto de Senarclens de Grancy, chambelá...
1. Su Alteza Granducal el príncipe Alejandro de Hesse y del Rin.
1. Segundo propietario (Zweiter Inhaber) del regimiento n. º 116 "Gran duque" del ejército del gran ducado de Hesse.
HOUGH, Richard (1975). The Mountbattens (en inglés). Nueva York: Dutton and sons. Consultado el 21 de octubre de 2020.
- Parks, Architecture, and Attractions
- Tourist Sights in Darmstadt
The name Darmstadt first appears towards the end of the 11th century, then as Darmundestat. Its origins are unknown. 'Dar-mund' in Middle Low German is translated as "Boggy Headlands", but it could be a misspelling in local dialect of another name. It is sometimes stated that the name derives from the 'Darmbach' (a small stream formerly running through the city). In fact, the stream received its current name much later, after the city, not vice versa. Darmstadt was chartered...
The city grew in population during the 19th century from little over 10,000 to 72,000 inhabitants. A polytechnical school, which later became a Technical University now known as TU Darmstadt, was established in 1877. In the beginning of the 20th century, Darmstadt was an important centre for the art movement of Jugendstil, the German variant of Art Nouveau. Annual architectural competitions led to the building of many architectural treasures of this period. Also during this period, in 1912 th...
Darmstadt was the first city in Germany to force Jewish shops to close in early 1933, shortly after the Nazis took power in Germany. The shops were only closed for one day, for "endangering communal order and tranquility". In 1942, over 3,000 Jews from Darmstadt were first forced into a collection camp located in the Liebigschule, and later deported to concentration campswhere most eventually died. Several prominent members of the German resistance movement against the Nazis were citizens of...
The current mayor of Darmstadt is Jochen Partsch of Alliance 90/The Greens, who was elected in 2011 and re-elected in 2017. The most recent mayoral election was held on 19 March 2017, and the results were as follows: The following is a list of mayors since 1945:
The Darmstadt city council (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 14 March 2021, and the results were as follows:
Darmstadt is highly connected to all means of transportation, including the Autobahn Network, the Intercity-Express Networkand a major international airport. 1. A tram near Schloss station. 2. Regional train at Darmstadt Lichtwiese station. 3. Darmstadt Hauptbahnhof– Train hub for southern Hesse 4. Hauptbahnhof Railway Station
Castles and historical buildings
Darmstadt was the capital of an independent country (the Grand Duchy of Hesse) until 1871 and the capital of the German state of Hesse until 1945. It is due to its past as a capital city that it has many architectural testimonies of this period. Many of its major architectural landmarks were created by Georg Moller who was appointed the court master builder of the Grand Duchy of Hesse. Due to the fact that the last ruling Grand Duke of Hesse, Ernst Ludwig was a grandson of Queen Victoria and...
Darmstadt has a rich tradition in modern architecture. After 1945 several "Meisterbauten" (Masterful Architectonic Creations) were built that set standards for modern architecture. These buildings still exist and are used for various public and private purposes. In the late 1990s the Waldspirale ('Forest Spiral') was built, a residential complex by Austrian Friedensreich Hundertwasser. As an almost surrealbuilding, it is internationally famous for its almost absolute rejection of rectangular...
Darmstadt was a centre of the Art Nouveau movement. Surviving examples of the Jugendstil period include the Rosenhöhe, a landscaped English-style rose garden from the 19th century, recently renovated and replanted, the UNESCO World Heritage Site Mathildenhöhe, with the Hochzeitsturm ('Wedding tower', also commonly known as the 'Five-Finger-Tower') by Joseph Maria Olbrich, the Russian Chapel in Darmstadt and large exhibition halls as well as many private villas built by Jugendstil architects w...
Darmstadt has a rich cultural heritage. The Staatstheater Darmstadt (State Theatre Darmstadt) dates back to the year 1711. The present building has been in use since 1972 and has three halls which can be used independently. The "Grand Hall" (Großes Haus) provides seats for 956 people and serves as Darmstadt's opera house. The "Small Hall" (Kleines ...
Darmstadt is located in the Upper Rhine Plain (German: Oberrheinische Tiefebene), a major rift, about 350 km (217 mi) long and on average 50 km (31 mi) wide, between the cities of Frankfurt in the north and Basel in the south. Darmstadt's southeastern boroughs are located in the spurs of the Odenwald, a low mountain range in Southern Hesse between ...
The City of Darmstadt offers students a broad variety of public primary, secondary and tertiary schools. Besides them private schools exist, e.g. the catholic secondary school Edith-Stein-Schule, the Adventists' Schulzentrum Marienhöhe, an anthroposophic Waldorf School, a Comenius Schooland other faith based private schools.
The city's main professional club is the football club SV Darmstadt 98, who plat at the Merck-Stadion am Böllenfalltor. Other, amateur football clubs are 1. FCA Darmstadt and Rot-Weiß Darmstadt. Darmstadt Diamonds is the city's american footballteam.
Darmstadt is home to many research institutions such as the Fraunhofer Society (Fraunhofer IGD, Fraunhofer LBF, Fraunhofer SIT) and the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI, "Society for heavy ion Research"), which operates a particle accelerator in northern Darmstadt. The GSI, amongst other elements, discovered the chemical element darmstadtium (atomic number: 110), named after the city in 2003. This makes Darmstadt one of only eight settlements with elements named after them (the othe...
United States military presence
U.S. forces entered the city of Darmstadt on 25 March 1945. At the end of World War II, Darmstadt was among the 112 communities where U.S. forces were stationed. Early units stationed here included elements of the U.S. Constabulary, Air Force units and a Quartermaster School. Over the years, the U.S. military community Darmstadt – under a variety of designations – served as home for thousands of American soldiers and their families. It included six principal installations in Darmstadt and nea...
1. Mathildenhöhe with the Art Nouveau Museum 1.1. Wedding Tower (Hochzeitsturm) at Sabaisplatz 1.2. The former private chapel of the last Tsar of Russia 2. State Theatre and Opera House 3. Waldspirale HundertwasserBuilding 4. City Center with Luisenplatz, the Castle and the Market Square 5. Hauptbahnhof – Central Train Station(Art Nouveau style) 6. Parks 6.1. Herrngarten Park 6.2. Botanical Garden (Botanischer Garten) 6.3. Vortex Garden 6.4. Park Rosenhöhe (Rose Heights Park) with the Dukal C...
1. Odenwald 2. Bergstrasse 3. Vineyards at Zwingenberg 4. Frankenstein Castle 5. Messel Pit Fossil Site 6. Melibokus
Carlos de Hesse-Darmstadt ( 23 de abril de 1809 - 20 de marzo de 1877) fue el segundo hijo de Luis II de Hesse-Darmstadt, gran duque de Hesse, y de Guillermina de Baden. 1 2 Índice 1 Vida 2 Política 3 Descendencia 4 Títulos, órdenes y empleos 4.1 Títulos 4.2 Órdenes 4.2.1 Gran ducado de Hesse y el Rin 4.2.2 Extranjeras 4.3 Empleos 5 Ancestros
victoria de hesse-darmstadt (en alemán: victoria prinzessin von hessen und bei rhein ), por matrimonio princesa de battenberg y posteriormente conocida como victoria mountbatten, marquesa de milford haven ( 5 de abril de 1863 - 24 de septiembre de 1950 ), fue la hija mayor de luis iv, gran duque de hesse-darmstadt y de su primera esposa, la …