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  1. The House of Lusignan (/ ˈ l uː z ɪ n j ɒ n / LOO-zin-yon; French: ) was a royal house of French origin, which at various times ruled several principalities in Europe and the Levant, including the kingdoms of Jerusalem, Cyprus, and Armenia, from the 12th through the 15th centuries during the Middle Ages.

    • None; extinct
    • James III
    • 10th century
    • Poitou, France
  2. The House of Lusignan (/ˈluːzɪnjɒn/ LOO-zin-yon; French: [lyziɲɑ̃]) was a royal house of French origin, which at various times ruled several principalities in Europe and the Levant, including the kingdoms of Jerusalem, Cyprus, and Armenia, from the 12th through the 15th centuries during the Middle Ages. It also had great influence in England and France.

  3. Personal arms of Guy de Lusignan, then used as the arms of the Lusignan Kings of Jerusalem after his death until 1268. [7] Quarterly, 1 and 4 in blue with the silver cross and 2 and 3 barry silver and azure eight rooms, a lion rampant, armed, langued and crowned with gold stitching on the whole.

    • First House of Lusignan
    • Second House of Lusignan
    • Legacy
    • in Mythology
    • in Popular Culture
    • Further Reading

    Origins

    The Château de Lusignan, near Poitiers, was the principal seat of the Lusignans. It is shown at its height in the March illumination in the Trés Riches Heures of the Duc de Berry (circa 1412). Louis XIV fortified it and it was used as a prison, a school—and a handy quarry for building materials. It was leveled to the ground in the 18th century in order to create a park for local residents. Only its foundations remain today. According to folklore, the earliest castle was built by Melusine, a w...

    In France

    1. Hugh I(early 10th century) 2. Hugh II(died 967) 3. Hugh III 4. Hugh IV 5. Hugh V(died 1060) Hugh VI inherited by collateral succession the County of La Marche (1091) as a descendant of Almodis. 1. Hugh VI(died 1110) 2. Hugh VII(died 1151) 3. Hugh VIII(died 1165) 4. Hugh IX(died 1219) 1. Raoul I(1191–1219) 2. Raoul II(1219–1246) 3. Marie(1246–1260) Hugh IX's son, Hugh X, married Isabelle of Angoulême, thus securing Angoulême (1220). 1. Hugh X(died 1249) 2. Hugh XI(died 1250) 3. Hugh XII(die...

    Crusader kings

    In the 1170s, Aimery of Lusignan arrived in Jerusalem, having been expelled from his realm by Richard the Lionheart, then acting Duke of Aquitaine, which included the family lands of Lusignan near Poitiers. Aimery, named Amalric by outdated scholarship, married Eschiva, the daughter of Baldwin of Ibelin, and entered court circles. Aimery had also obtained the patronage of Agnes of Courtenay, the divorced mother of King Baldwin IV, who held the county of Jaffa and Ascalon, and the wife of Regi...

    Fall of the Templars

    At that point, Hugh of Antioch, whose maternal grandfather had been Hugh I of Cyprus, took the name Lusignan, thus founding the second House of Lusignan. He succeeded his deceased cousin as King of Cyprus. In 1268, following the execution of Conradin, he was crowned King of Jerusalem. Hugh was frustrated by dealing with the different factions of Jerusalem nobles, and in 1276 he left for Cyprus. Saint Thomas Aquinas wrote On Kingshipfor Hugh. In 1284 his son John succeeded him as king of Cypru...

    Kings of Armenia

    In 1342, Amalric's son, Guy de Lusignan, was elected as King of Armenia and took the name Constantine II. He was initially reluctant as the regent, Oshin of Corycos, was rumored to have poisoned the previous king, and killed Guy's mother and two brothers. Under his leadership, the Lusignans tried to impose Western Catholicism and the European way of life on the Armenian people, who had a state religion of the Armenian Apostolic Church. The Armenian leadership largely accepted Catholicism, but...

    Golden Age of Lusignan Cyprus

    Hugh IV de Lusignan became king at age 29, and unlike previous Lusignan monarchs he was content being just King of Cyprus, refusing his son Peter's requests to lead a crusade for Jerusalem. He instead preferred to focus on issues in his realm and was strict on justice. When Peter and his third son John journeyed to Europe he had the man who helped them tortured and hanged, and sent ships to find and imprison his sons. He had a strong interest in art, literature and philosophy, hosting regular...

    Besides the Cypriot branch, through the acts of the Count of Poitiers, Alphonse de Poitiers, by the 18th century the domains of Lusignans were divided among a number of other branches : 1. Lusignan-Lezay 2. Lusignan-Vouvant 3. Lusignan-Cognac 4. Lusignan-Jarnac (the Counts d'Eu) 5. Lusignan-Sidon 6. The principal branch retains Lusignan and the County of La Marche Two of the Lusignan domains in France were erected into feudal Marquisates in 1618 and 1722 by Kings Louis XIII and Louis XV respectively.

    Melusine

    According to European folklore the House of Lusignan was founded by the faerie Melusine. In the legend Melusine was exiled from Avalon and doomed to turn into a serpent from the waist down every Saturday. One day a prince, Raymondin of Poitou, came across her in the woods. He had just killed his uncle in a hunting accident and was distraught. Melusine helped him with this, and he later returned seeking her out. He proposed marriage, and she agreed on the condition that she be left alone every...

    King Peter I of Cyprus is mentioned in The Canterbury Tales.
    Melusine, the mythological founder of the family, is used as the logo for Starbucks.
    Kingdom of Heaven (film) centers on the Battle of Hattin and capture of Jerusalem, with Marton Csokas playing Guy de Lusignan.
    La reine de Chypre, 1841 opera by Fromental Halévy.

    Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Lusignan" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 130–131. Endnotes:

  4. Second House of Lusignan. At that point, Hugh of Antioch, whose maternal grandfather had been Hugh I of Cyprus, a male heir of the original Lusignan dynasty, took the name Lusignan, thus founding the second House of Lusignan, and managed to succeed his deceased cousin as King of Cyprus.

  5. Second House of Lusignan. At that point, Hugh of Antioch, whose maternal grandfather had been Hugh I of Cyprus, a male heir of the original Lusignan dynasty, took the name Lusignan, thus founding the second House of Lusignan, and managed to succeed his deceased cousin as King of Cyprus.

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