Early life. Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles was born on () 5 July 1781 on board the ship Ann, off the coast of Port Morant, Jamaica, to Captain Benjamin Raffles (1739, London – 23 November 1811, Deptford) and Anne Raffles (née Lyde) (1755 – 8 February 1824, London).
Ken Nightingall, 92, British film sound engineer (For Your Eyes Only, A View to a Kill, Octopussy), COVID-19. Saeed Ahmad Palanpuri, 78, Indian Islamic scholar. Mary-Anne Plaatjies van Huffel, 60, South African pastor and academic, complications from surgery. Salah Stétié, 90, Lebanese writer and poet.