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  1. Victoria del Reino Unido (1840-1901) Victoria del Reino Unido (Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa; Londres, 21 de noviembre de 1840 - Kronberg, 5 de agosto de 1901) fue una princesa real del Reino Unido, hija mayor de la reina Victoria I y del príncipe Alberto de Sajonia-Coburgo-Gotha.

  2. victoria del reino unido ( londres, 24 de mayo de 1819 - isla de wight, 22 de enero de 1901) fue monarca británica desde la muerte de su tío paterno, guillermo iv, el 20 de junio de 1837, hasta su fallecimiento, en enero de 1901, mientras que como emperatriz de la india fue la primera en ostentar el título desde el 1 de enero de 1877 hasta su …

    • Alexandrina Victoria de Hannover
    • Guillermo IV
    • Early Life and Education
    • Engagement and Marriage
    • Princess of Prussia
    • Crown Princess of Prussia
    • Crown Princess of Germany
    • German Empress
    • Empress Dowager
    • Memorials, Dedications, and in Popular Culture
    • Titles, Styles and Honours
    • Bibliography

    Princess Victoria was born on 21 November 1840 at Buckingham Palace, London. She was the first child of Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert. When she was born, the doctor exclaimed sadly: "Oh Madame, it's a girl!" The Queen replied: "Never mind, next time it will be a prince!". As a daughter of the sovereign, Victoria was born a British p...

    Engagement

    Frederick had received a comprehensive education and in particular was formed by personalities like the writer Ernst Moritz Arndt and historian Friedrich Christoph Dahlmann. According to the tradition of the House of Hohenzollern, he also received rigorous military training. In 1855, Prince Frederick made another trip to Great Britain and visited Victoria and her family in Scotland at Balmoral Castle. The purpose of his trip was to see the Princess Royal again, to ensure that she would be a s...

    Preparation for the role of Prussian princess

    The Prince Consort, who was part of the Vormärz, had long supported the "Coburg plan", i.e., the idea that a liberal Prussia could serve as an example for other German states and would be able to achieve the Unification of Germany. During the involuntary stay of Prince William of Prussia in London in 1848, the Prince Consort tried to convince his Hohenzollern cousin of the need to transform Prussia into a constitutional monarchy following the British model. However, the future German emperor...

    Domestic issues and marriage

    To pay the dowry of the Princess Royal, the British Parliament allotted the sum of 40,000 pounds and also gave her an allowance of 8,000 pounds per year. Meanwhile, in Berlin, King Frederick William IV provided an annual allowance of 9,000 thalers to his nephew Frederick.The income of the second-in-line to the Prussian throne proved insufficient to cover a budget consistent with his position and that of his future wife. Throughout much of their marriage, Victoria relied on her own resources....

    Maternal criticism

    Victoria's move to Berlin began a large correspondence between the princess and her parents. Each week, she sent a letter to her father that usually contained comments on German political events. The majority of these letters have been preserved and have become a valuable source for knowing the Prussian court. But these letters also show the will of Queen Victoria to dictate her daughter's every move. She demanded that Victoria appear equally loyal to her homeland and her new country. But thi...

    Official duties

    At 17 years old, Victoria had to perform many tedious official duties. Almost every evening, she had to appear at formal dinners, theatrical performances or public receptions. If foreign relatives of the Hohenzollerns were located in Berlin or Potsdam, her protocolary duties widened. Sometimes she was forced to greet guests of the royal family at the station at 7:00 in the morning and be present at receptions past midnight. Upon the arrival of Victoria in Berlin, King Frederick William IV gav...

    First childbirth

    A little over a year after her marriage, on 27 January 1859, Victoria gave birth to her first child, the future German Emperor Wilhelm II. The delivery was extremely complicated. The maid responsible for alerting doctors to the onset of contractions delayed giving notice. Moreover, the gynecologists hesitated to examine the princess, who was wearing only a flannel nightgown. The baby was in breech, and the delayed delivery could have caused the death of both the princess and her son. Finally,...

    Early issues and struggles

    With the death of King Frederick William IV on 2 January 1861, his brother, who had acted as regent since 1858, ascended the throne as King William I. Frederick was then the new crown prince of Prussia but his situation at court did not change much: his father refused to increase his allowance, and Crown Princess Victoria continued to contribute significantly to the family budget with her dowry and allowance. In a letter to the Baron von Stockmar, Prince Albert commented on the situation: In...

    Father's death and political crisis

    On 14 December 1861, Prince Albert died of typhoid fever. Because of her very close relationship with her father, Victoria was devastated by the news. She went with her husband to England to attend the funeral. Shortly after this tragedy Frederick and Victoria, still in mourning, had to face the first major crisis of William I's reign, and they were not prepared to deal with it. The Prussian Parliament denied the king the money needed for his plan of reorganisation of the army. William I cons...

    Increasing isolation

    With the outbreak of the Prussian constitutional conflict, the opposition between liberals and conservatives in Berlin reached its peak. Suspected of supporting parliamentarians against William I, the crown prince and his wife were subjected to harsh criticism. The trip that the couple made to the Mediterranean in October 1862 aboard Queen Victoria's yacht served as a pretext for conservatives to accuse Frederick of abandoning his father in a time of great political tension. They also emphasi...

    Proclamation of the German Empire

    On 18 January 1871 (the anniversary of the accession of the Hohenzollern dynasty to the royalty in 1701), the princes of the North German Confederation and those of South Germany (Bavaria, Baden, Württemberg and Hesse-Darmstadt) proclaimed William I as hereditary German emperor in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles. Then they symbolically united their states within a new German Empire. Frederick and Victoria became German crown prince and crown princess, and Otto von Bismarck was...

    Enlightened princess

    Despite being named field marshal because of his military performance in the wars of the 1860s, Frederick did not receive the command of any troops after the Franco-Prussian war. In fact, the emperor did not trust his own son and tried to keep him away from state affairs because of his "too English" ideas. The crown prince was appointed "Curator of the Royal Museums", a task that raised some enthusiasm in his wife. Following the advice of her father, Victoria had continued her intellectual fo...

    Mother of a large family

    The eldest son of Victoria went through various treatments to cure his atrophied arm. Strange methods, such as the so-called "animal baths" in which the arm was immersed in the entrails of recently dead rabbits, were performed with some regularity. In addition, William also underwent electroshock sessions in an attempt to revive the nerves passing through the left arm to the neck and also to prevent his head tilting to one side. Vicky insisted that he become a good rider. The thought that he,...

    Agony of William I and Frederick III's disease

    In 1887, the health of the 90-year-old William I declined rapidly, indicating that the succession was close. However, the crown prince was also ill. Increasingly sickly, Frederick was told that he had laryngeal cancer. To confirm his suspicions, Frederick was examined by British physician Morell Mackenzie, who after a biopsydid not find any sign of illness. With the agreement of his physicians, Frederick went with his wife to Great Britain for the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in June 1887...

    Empress of 99 days

    Immediately after accession, Emperor Frederick III appointed his wife Lady of the Order of the Black Eagle, the highest order of chivalry in the Kingdom of Prussia. However, after her return to Berlin, the empress realised that she and her husband in fact were really "shadows ready to be replaced by William". Gravely ill, Frederick III limited his political actions to some symbolic measures, such as declaring an amnesty to all political prisoners and the dismissal of the reactionary Interior...

    Death of Frederick III and its consequences

    Frederick III died about 11:00 on 15 June 1888. Once the emperor's death was announced, his son and successor William II ordered the occupation of the imperial residence by soldiers. The chambers of Frederick and Victoria were carefully checked for incriminating documents. However, the search was unsuccessful because all the couple's correspondence had been taken to Windsor Castle the previous year. Several years later, William II stated that the purpose of this research was to find state doc...

    Resettlement

    Once widowed, the empress dowager had to leave the Neues Palais in Potsdam because her son wanted to settle his residence there. Unable to settle in Sanssouci, she acquired a property in Kronberg im Taunus, in the old Duchy of Nassau. There, Victoria built a castle that was named Friedrichshof in honour of her husband. Having inherited several million marks after the death of the wealthy Maria de Brignole-Sale, Duchess of Galliera, the empress dowager was able to finance the construction and...

    Solitude

    In October 1889, Princess Sophia, Victoria's penultimate daughter, married the future King Constantine I of Greece, leaving the maternal residence. The following year, Princess Viktoria, after the ending of her hopes to wed the ruler of Bulgaria, in the end married Prince Adolf of Schaumburg-Lippe, the future regent of the Principality of Lippe. Finally, in 1893, Princess Margaret married Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse, who in 1918 was elected to the throne of the ephemeral Kingdom of Finl...

    Later years and death

    Victoria devoted part of her final years to painting and to visit the artists' colony of Kronberg, where she regularly met with the painter Norbert Schrödl. In her last days, she used to walk in the morning and spent long hours writing letters or reading in the library of her castle. In late 1898, physicians diagnosed the empress dowager with inoperable breast cancer, forcing her to stay in bed for long periods. Cancer had spread to her spine by the autumn of 1900, and as she worried about he...

    Geography

    1. The Mount Victoria in Jervis Inlet, British Columbia, Canada, was named in honour of the Princess Royal. 2. The Princess Royal Reach is a fjordof Jervis Inlet also named after Vicky in 1860.

    Monument

    1. The Kaiserin-Friedrich-Gymnasium, secondary school in Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Hesse, named after the empress.

    Locomotive

    1. The Princess Victoria is a class GWR locomotive 3031, built by the Great Western Railway.

    Titles and styles

    1. 21 November 1840 – 25 January 1858: Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal[f] 2. 25 January 1858 – 2 January 1861: Her Royal Highness Princess Frederick William of Prussia, Princess Royal 3. 2 January 1861 – 18 January 1871: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Prussia, Princess Royal 4. 18 January 1871 – 9 March 1888: Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Crown Princess of The German Empire, Crown Princess of Prussia, Princess Royal 5. 9 March 1888 – 15 June 1888: Her Imperial and Royal...

    Arms

    With her style of Princess Royal, Victoria was granted use of the royal arms, as then used: with an escutcheon of the shield of Saxony, the whole differencedby a label argent of three points, the outer points bearing crosses gules, the central a rose gules.

    Jean Bérenger: Histoire de l'Empire des Habsbourg 1273-1918, Fayard 1990 ISBN 2-213-02297-6
    Catherine Clay: Le roi, l'empereur et le tsar – Les trois cousins qui ont entraîné le monde dans la guerre, Librairie Académique Perrin (French translation), 2008 ISBN 2-262-02855-9.
    Christopher Dobson (ed.): Chronicle of England, Chronique ed. (French translation), 1998. ISBN 2905969709
    Engelberg, Ernest (1985). Bismarck – Urpreuße und Reichsgründer. Berlin: Siedler ed. ISBN 3-88680-121-7..
  3. Cerca de 4000 cartas enviadas a la reina Victoria y 3777 recibidas de ella están preservadas y catalogadas y dan una visión detallada sobre la forma de vivir de la corte prusiana entre 1858 y 1900. Nacida en 1840, Victoria (a la que sus padres llamaban Vicky ) fue la primera de los nueve hijos de la reina Victoria y su esposo, el príncipe Alberto de Sajonia-Coburgo-Gotha .

  4. Victoria Adelaida María Luisa de Sajonia-Coburgo-Gotha (Londres, 21 de noviembre de 1840 - Kronberg im Taunus, 5 de agosto de 1901) fue una princesa real del Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda, hija mayor de Victoria del Reino Unido y Alberto de Sajonia-Coburgo-Gotha.