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  1. El palacio de Woodstock fue una antigua residencia real inglesa localizada en Woodstock, Oxfordshire. [1] Enrique I de Inglaterra construyó un pabellón de caza aquí y en 1129 construyó 11 km de altos muros para crear el primer parque cerrado, donde se guardaban leones y leopardos.

  2. O Woodstock Palace foi um palácio Real da Inglaterra localizado na cidade de Woodstock, no Oxfordshire.. História. O título de "palácio", aplicado a este edifício, foi usado pela primeira vez durante o século XII, quando este foi favorecido pelo Rei Henrique I.

    • Orígenes Y Construcción
    • Situación Posterior
    • Enlaces Externos

    La propiedad que le fue dada al duque de Marlborough para construir el palacio fue Woodstock, que había albergado un palacio real desde la Edad Media destruido durante la Guerra Civil. A pesar de que en un principio la esposa del duque, Sarah Churchill, pensó que Christopher Wren debía ser el arquitecto, finalmente el duque eligió a John Vanbrugh. Blenheim, uno de los mayores palacios del país, se construyó entre 1705 y 1722 en el lugar que previamente había ocupado el Palacio de Woodstock.[3]​ El origen fue un regalo destinado al duque de Marlborough, de parte de la reina Ana, como recompensa por sus victorias militares frente a Francia, sobre todo la importante batalla de Höchstädt conocida también como Batalla de Blenheim. En una orden de 1705, el tesorero parlamentario, conde Godolphin, nombró a Vanbrugh como arquitecto; sin embargo, en dicha orden no se mencionó a la reina ni a la Corona, error que en el futuro haría que el gobierno se desvinculará de los gastos del palacio. Al...

    Cuando el duque de Marlborough murió en 1722, sus dos hijos varones ya estaban muertos, por lo que fue sucedido en sus títulos por su hija Henrietta gracias a una ley del Parlamento. Cuando ella murió los títulos pasaron a su sobrino Charles Spencer. A pesar de no ser tan ricos como otras casas ducales británicas, los Spencer llevaron un estilo de vida holgado hasta el advenimiento del V duque de Marlborough, quien derrochó la fortuna de su familia. El duque se vio obligado a vender parte de sus propiedades, su biblioteca e incluso un Bocaccio y cuando murió en 1840su familia tuvo que dejar el palacio por el coste que le suponía. Para 1870, los Marlborough estaban en graves problemas financieros y cinco años después el VII duque tuvo que vender su colección de joyas. En 1880 el duque se vio obligado a pedir al Parlamento que quitase la protección que había sobre el palacio y sus contenidos y así poder vender parte de ellos. Su hijo vendió la Biblioteca Sutherland, que incluía 1...

    Wikimedia Commons alberga una categoría multimedia sobre Palacio de Blenheim.
    • Churchills
    • Site
    • Architect
    • Funding The Construction
    • Design and Architecture
    • Interior
    • Pipe Organs
    • Park and Gardens
    • Failing Fortunes
    • 9th Duke of Marlborough

    John Churchill was born in Devon. Although his family had aristocratic relations, it belonged to the minor gentry rather than the upper echelons of 17th-century society. In 1678, Churchill married Sarah Jennings, and in April that year, he was sent by Charles II to The Hague to negotiate a convention on the deployment of the English army in Flanders. The mission ultimately proved abortive. In May, Churchill was appointed to the temporary rank of Brigadier-General of Foot, but the possibility of a continental campaign was eliminated with the Treaty of Nijmegen. When Churchill returned to England, the Popish Plot resulted in a temporary three-year banishment for James Stuart, Duke of York. The Duke obliged Churchill to attend him, first to The Hague, then in Brussels. For his services during the crisis, Churchill was made Lord Churchill of Eyemouth in the peerage of Scotland in 1682, and the following year appointed colonel of the King's Own Royal Regiment of Dragoons. On the death of...

    The estate given by the nation to Marlborough for the new palace was the manor of Woodstock, sometimes called the Palace of Woodstock, which had been a royal demesne, in reality little more than a deer park. Legend has obscured the manor's origins. King Henry I enclosed the park to contain the deer. Henry II housed his mistress Rosamund Clifford (sometimes known as "Fair Rosamund") there in a "bower and labyrinth"; a spring in which she is said to have bathed remains, named after her. It seems the unostentatious hunting lodge was rebuilt many times, and had an uneventful history until Elizabeth I, before her succession, was imprisoned there by her half-sister Mary I between 1554 and 1555. Elizabeth had been implicated in the Wyatt plot, but her imprisonment at Woodstock was short, and the manor remained in obscurity until bombarded and ruined by Oliver Cromwell's troops during the Civil War.When the park was being re-landscaped as a setting for the Palace, the 1st Duchess wanted the...

    The architect selected for the ambitious project was a controversial one. The Duchess was known to favour Sir Christopher Wren, famous for St Paul's Cathedral and many other national buildings. The Duke however, following a chance meeting at a playhouse, is said to have commissioned Sir John Vanbrugh there and then. Vanbrugh, a popular dramatist, was an untrained architect, who usually worked in conjunction with the trained and practical Nicholas Hawksmoor. The duo had recently completed the first stages of the Baroque Castle Howard. This huge Yorkshire mansion was one of England's first houses in the flamboyant European Baroquestyle. The success of Castle Howard led Marlborough to commission something similar at Woodstock. Blenheim, however, was not to provide Vanbrugh with the architectural plaudits he imagined it would. The fight over funding led to accusations of extravagance and impracticality of design, many of these charges levelled by the Whig factions in power. He found no...

    The precise responsibility for the funding of the new palace has always been a debatable subject, unresolved to this day. The palace as a reward was mooted within months of the Battle of Blenheim, at a time when Marlborough was still to gain many further victories on behalf of the country. That a grateful nation led by Queen Anne wished and intended to give their national hero a suitable home is beyond doubt, but the exact size and nature of that house is questionable. A warrant dated 1705, signed by the parliamentary treasurer the Earl of Godolphin, appointed Vanbrugh as architect and outlined his remit. Unfortunately for the Churchills, nowhere did this warrant mention Queen or Crown. The Duke of Marlborough contributed £60,000 to the initial cost when work commenced in 1705, which, supplemented by Parliament, should have built a monumental house. Parliament voted funds for the building of Blenheim, but no exact sum was mentioned nor provision for inflation or over-budget expenses...

    Vanbrugh planned Blenheim in perspective; that is, to be best viewed from a distance. As the site covers some seven acres (28,000 m²) this is also a necessity. The plan of the palace's principal block (or corps de logis) is a rectangle (see plan) pierced by two courtyards; these serve as little more than light wells. Contained behind the southern facade are the principal state apartments; on the east side are the suites of private apartments of the Duke and Duchess, and on the west along the entire length of the piano nobile is given a long gallery originally conceived as a picture gallery, but is now the library. The corps de logis is flanked by two further service blocks around square courtyards (not shown in the plan). The east court contains the kitchens, laundry, and other domestic offices, the west court adjacent to the chapel the stables and indoor riding school. The three blocks together form the "Great Court" designed to overpower the visitor arriving at the palace. Pilaste...

    The internal layout of the rooms of the central block at Blenheim was defined by the court etiquette of the day. State apartments were designed as an axis of rooms of increasing importance and public use, leading to the chief room. The larger houses, like Blenheim, had two sets of state apartments each mirroring each other. The grandest and most public and important was the central saloon ("B" in the plan) which served as the communal state dining room. To either side of the saloon are suites of state apartments, decreasing in importance but increasing in privacy: the first room ("C") would have been an audience chamber for receiving important guests, the next room ("L") a private withdrawing room, the next room ("M") would have been the bedroom of the occupier of the suite, thus the most private. One of the small rooms between the bedroom and the internal courtyard was intended as a dressing room. This arrangement is reflected on the other side of the saloon. The state apartments w...

    The Long Library organ was built in 1891 by the famous London firm of Henry Willis & Sons at a cost of £3,669. It replaced a previous organ built in 1888 by Isaac Abbott of Leeds, which was removed to St Swithun's church, Hither Green. Originally erected in the central bay, with its back to the water terraces, the Norwich firm of Norman & Beard moved it to the northwestern end of the library in 1902 and made a few tonal additions and, the following year, cleaned it. No further changes were made until 1930, when the Willis firm lowered the pitch to modern concert pitch: a Welte automatic player was added in 1931, with 70 rolls cut by Marcel Dupré, Joseph Bonnet, Alfred Hollins, Edwin Lemare and Harry Goss-Custard also being supplied.This remained in use for some time: the Duke of the time is said to have frequently sat at the organ bench and pretended to play the organ to his guests and they would applaud at the end. This practice is said to have been halted abruptly when the player...

    Blenheim sits in the centre of a large undulating park, a classic example of the English landscape garden movement and style. When Vanbrugh first cast his eyes over it in 1704 he immediately conceived a typically grandiose plan: through the park trickled the small River Glyme, and Vanbrugh envisaged this marshy brook traversed by the "finest bridge in Europe". Thus, ignoring the second opinion offered by Sir Christopher Wren, the marsh was channelled into three small canal-like streams and across it rose a bridge of huge proportions, so huge it was reported to contain some 30-odd rooms. While the bridge was indeed an amazing wonder, in this setting it appeared incongruous, causing Alexander Popeto comment: "the minnows, as under this vast arch they pass, murmur, 'how like whales we look, thanks to your Grace.'" Horace Walpole saw it in 1760, shortly before Capability Brown's improvements: "the bridge, like the beggars at the old duchess's gate, begs for a drop of water and is refuse...

    On the death of the 1st Duke in 1722, as both his sons were dead, he was succeeded by his daughter Henrietta. This was an unusual succession and required a special Act of Parliament, as only sons can usually succeed to an English dukedom. When Henrietta died, the title passed to Marlborough's grandson Charles Spencer, Earl of Sunderland, whose mother was Marlborough's second daughter Anne. The 1st Duke, as a soldier, was not a rich man and what fortune he possessed was mostly used for finishing the palace. In comparison with other British ducal families, the Marlboroughs were not very wealthy. Yet they existed quite comfortably until the time of the 5th Duke of Marlborough (1766–1840), a spendthrift who considerably depleted the family's remaining fortune. He was eventually forced to sell other family estates, but Blenheim was safe from him as it was entailed. This did not prevent him selling the Marlboroughs' Boccacciofor a mere £875 and his own library in over 4000 lots. On his de...

    Charles, 9th Duke of Marlborough (1871–1934) can be credited with saving both the palace and the family. Inheriting the near-bankrupt dukedom in 1892, he was forced to find a quick and drastic solution to the problems. Prevented by the strict social dictates of late 19th-century society from earning money, he was left with one solution: he had to marry money. In November 1896 he coldly and openly without love married the American railroad heiress Consuelo Vanderbilt. The marriage was celebrated following lengthy negotiations with her divorced parents: her mother, Alva Vanderbilt, was desperate to see her daughter a duchess, and the bride's father, William Vanderbilt, paid for the privilege. The final price was $2,500,000 ($77.8 million today) in 50,000 shares of the capital stock of the Beech Creek Railway Company with a minimum 4% dividend guaranteed by the New York Central Railroad Company. The couple were given a further annual income each of $100,000 for life. The bride later cl...

  3. El Palacio de Woodstock fue destruido en su mayor parte durante la Guerra Civil Inglesa , y las piedras restantes se usaron más tarde para construir el Palacio de Blenheim en las cercanías. Referencias . Coordenadas : 51 ° 50′45 ″ N 01 ° 21′50 ″ W  /  51.84583 ° N 1.36389 ° W  /

    • Historia
    • Geografía
    • Enlaces Externos

    Woodstock fue fundada por los lealistas después de la Guerra de Independencia estadounidense. Fue nombrado por la parroquia de Woodstock, establecida en 1786, que a su vez fue nombrada por William Cavendish-Bentinck, duque de Portland y vizconde Woodstock, que fue brevemente primer ministro británico en 1783. El límite septentrional de las subvenciones lealistas sobre el río cayó ante los miembros del primer Batallón de Voluntarios de Nueva Jersey del Coronel DeLancey, y los miembros que aceptaron la tierra se mudaron allí a principios del verano de 1784.[2]​ Tres pequeños asentamientos se formaron en esta nueva área llamada Woodstock y que eran: Upper Corner, Creek Village y Lower Woodstock. Cuando el Condado de Carleton surgió por primera vez en 1832, Upper Woodstock se convirtió en la sededebido a la influencia del coronel Richard Ketchum, quien donó los terrenos para la construcción de edificios públicos. El Viejo Palacio de Justicia del Condado de Carleton es ahora un siti...

    Woodstock se encuentra ubicado en las coordenadas 46°9′00″N 67°34′24″O / 46.15000, -67.57333. Según Statistics Canada, Woodstock tiene una superficie total de 13.41 km².[1]​

  4. Palacio de Woodstock era una residencia real en la ciudad inglesa de Woodstock, Oxfordshire.. Enrique I de Inglaterra construyó un pabellón de caza aquí y en 1129 construyó 11 km (7 millas) de muros para crear el primer parque cerrado, donde se guardaban leones y leopardos.

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