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  1. This article covers the history of the United States from 1789 through 1849, the period of westward expansion. George Washington , elected the first president in 1789, worked with the heads of the departments of State, Treasury, and War, along with an Attorney General (the Justice Department wasn't created until 1870), the group of which later became known as his cabinet .

    • Federalist Era
    • Jeffersonian Period
    • Era of Good Feelings
    • Two Party System
    • Era of Jacksonian Democracy
    • Social Reforms
    • Antebellum Slavery
    • U.S. Presidents
    • Other Websites

    This is the period from 1789 to about 1801 when the Federalist Party controlled the American government.[a] In 1789, Washington was elected the first President of the United States. The Constitution only gave a vague outline of what a president should be. Washington defined the position of President and left office after two terms. During Washingto...

    This is the period from 1800 through 1815 which includes the administrations of two Democratic-Republican Party presidents, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. They are commonly called Jeffersonian Republicans. During this time the country nearly doubled in size with the Louisiana Purchase from France. This, in turn, was one of the causes behind th...

    In 1816, the Federalist Party candidate Rufus King ran against the Democratic-Republican candidate James Monroe. Monroe received 183 electoral votes to King's 34. That was the last time the Federalist Party ran a candidate. The Congressional election of 1818 gave the Democratic-Republicans a majority of 85%. Monroe served for two terms from 1817 to...

    The one-party Era of Good Feelings system of cooperation between politicians lasted only about a decade. It was replaced by a new two-party system,[b] which continues to today. Political parties took on the job of building coalitions between many different groups with different interests. This new system broke away from the patronage system based o...

    Andrew Jackson was elected president in 1828. He got nearly 70% of the electoral votes and over 60% participation in his election. This was largely due to Jackson's popularity as "Old Hickory", the hero of the Battle of New Orleans. His military career had included service in the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812 and the Seminole Wars. Jackson als...

    A number of reform movements began during this period after 1815. The improved economy after the War of 1812 provided a new class of people who had the time and financial resources to become involved in social movements. New technologies in printing increased the number of publications including those about subjects such as abolition. Better transp...

    Slavery was mainly concentrated in the South by 1830. Slaves were used on small farms and large plantations. They were also used in towns as domestic workers and labor for various industries. Slaves were considered to be property because they were black. They were kept as slaves by the constant threat of violence. They were not allowed to forget th...

    1. George Washington (1789–1797)
    2. John Adams (1797–1801)
    3. Thomas Jefferson (1801–1809)
    4. James Madison (1809–1817)
    • Era Federalista
    • Thomas Jefferson
    • Guerra de 1812
    • Era de Los Buenos Sentimientos Y El Auge Del Nacionalismo
    • Aparición Del Segundo Sistema de Partidos políticos
    • Era de La Reforma
    • Crecimiento Económico
    • Expansión Hacia El Oeste

    Administración de Washington:1789-1797

    George Washington, un héroe renombrado de la guerra de independencia estadounidense, comandante del Ejército Continental y presidente de la Convención Constitucional, se convirtió en el primer presidente de los Estados Unidos bajo la nueva constitución de los Estados Unidos. Todos los líderes de la nueva nación estaban comprometidos con el republicanismo, y las dudas de los antifederalistas de 1788 se disiparon con la aprobación de una Declaración de Derechos como las primeras diez enmiendas...

    Aparición de partidos políticos

    El Sistema del Primer Partido entre 1792 y 1824 presentó dos partidos nacionales que compitieron por el control de la presidencia, el Congreso y los estados: el Partido Federalista fue creado por Alexander Hamilton y fue dominante hasta 1800. El Partido Republicano (Partido Demócrata-Republicano) creado por Thomas Jefferson y James Madison, y fue dominante después de 1800. Ambos partidos se originaron en la política nacional pero se movieron para organizar partidarios y votantes en todos los...

    Administración de Adams: 1797–1801

    Washington se retiró en 1797, declinando firmemente servir por más de ocho años como jefe de la nación. Los federalistas apoyaron al vicepresidente John Adams para presidente. Adams derrotó a Jefferson en la elección presidencialde 1796, quien como subcampeón se convirtió en Vicepresidente bajo la operación del Colegio Electoral de esa época. Incluso antes de ingresar a la presidencia, Adams se había peleado con Alexander Hamilton, y por eso se vio obstaculizado por un partido federalista div...

    Jefferson es una figura central en la historia temprana de los Estados Unidos, muy elogiado por su liderazgo político, pero también criticado por el papel de la esclavitud en su vida privada. Defendió la igualdad, la democracia y el republicanismo, atacando tendencias aristocráticas y monárquicas. Fue un líder en la independencia estadounidense, de...

    James Madison ganó las elecciones presidenciales de Estados Unidos de 1808, en gran medida por la fuerza de sus habilidades en asuntos exteriores en un momento en que Gran Bretaña y Francia estaban al borde de la guerra con los Estados Unidos. Se apresuró a derogar la Ley de Embargo, refrescando los puertos marítimos estadounidenses. Desafortunadam...

    Después de la guerra de 1812, Estados Unidos comenzó a afirmar un nuevo sentido del nacionalismo. América comenzó a reunirse alrededor de héroes nacionales como Andrew Jackson y surgieron sentimientos patrióticos en obras como el poema de Francis Scott Key, The Star-Spangled Banner. Bajo la dirección del Juez Supremo John Marshall, la Corte Suprema...

    Monroe fue reelegido sin oposición en 1820, y el antiguo sistema de selección de candidatos republicanos se derrumbó. En la elección presidencial de 1824, las facciones de Tennessee y Pensilvania presentaron a Andrew Jackson. Desde Kentucky llegó el presidente de la Cámara de Representantes, Henry Clay, mientras que Massachusetts presentó al secret...

    Impulsados por el Segundo Gran Despertar, los estadounidenses entraron en un período de rápido cambio social y experimentación. Surgieron nuevos movimientos sociales, así como muchas nuevas alternativas al pensamiento religioso tradicional. Este período de la historia estadounidense estuvo marcado por la destrucción de algunos roles tradicionales d...

    En este período, Estados Unidos se expandió rápidamente económicamente de una nación agraria a una potencia industrial. La industrialización en América implicó dos desarrollos importantes. Primero, se amplió el transporte. En segundo lugar, se realizaron mejoras en los procesos industriales, como el uso de piezas intercambiables y ferrocarriles par...

    Después de 1815, Estados Unidos desvió su atención de la política exterior al desarrollo interno. Con la derrota de los indios orientales en la Guerra de 1812, los colonos estadounidenses se mudaron en gran número a las ricas tierras de cultivo del Medio Oeste. La expansión hacia el oeste fue realizada principalmente por grupos de familias jóvenes....

  2. This article is part of a series on the History of the United States Timeline and periods Prehistoric and Pre-colonial until 1607 Colonial period 1607–1765 1776–1789 American Revolution 1765–1783 Confederation Period 1783–1788 1789–1849 Federalist Era 1788–1801 Jeffersonian Era 1801–1817 Era of Good Feelings 1817–1825 Jacksonian Era 1825–1849 1849–1865 Civil War Era 1850 ...

    • Incumbents
    • Events
    • Births
    • Deaths
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Federal Government

    1. Articles of Confederation (through March 3): 1.1. 10th Confederation Congress 2. United States Constitution (beginning from March 4): 2.1. President: George Washington (no political party-Virginia) 2.2. Vice President: John Adams (no political party-Massachusetts) 2.3. Chief Justice: John Jay (New York) (starting October 19) 2.4. Speaker of the House of Representatives: Frederick Muhlenberg(starting April 1) 2.5. Congress: 1st United States Congress(starting March 4)

    January–March

    1. January 7 – The 1789 United States presidential elections and House of Representatives electionsare held. 2. January 21 – William Hill Brown's anonymous sentimental epistolary novel The Power of Sympathy: or, The Triumph of Nature, usually considered the first American novel, is published in Boston. 3. January 23 – Georgetown University is founded in what would become Washington, D.C., becoming the first Catholiccollege in the United States. 4. February 4 – George Washington is unanimously...

    April–June

    1. April 1 – At Federal Hall, the United States House of Representatives attains its first quorum and elects Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as its first Speaker of the House. 2. April 6 – At Federal Hall, the United States Senate attains its first quorum and elects Senator John Langdon as its first President pro tempore; the first joint session of Congress is held on that same date, and the electoral votes of the first presidential election are formally counted. General George Washingto...

    July–September

    1. July – Charles Thomsonresigned as secretary of Congress and hands over the Great Seal, bringing an end to the Articles of Confederation. 2. July 4 – Congress passes its first tax on 30 different items at 8.5% with discount to American ships over foreign ones. 3. July 27 – The first U.S. federal government agency under the new Constitution, the Department of Foreign Affairs (later renamed the Department of State), is established following the month-long Decision of 1789, the first significa...

    January 4 – Benjamin Lundy, abolitionist (died 1839)
    January 18 – Briscoe Baldwin, planter and Virginia politician (died 1852)
    February 4 – Thaddeus Betts, U.S. Senator from Connecticut from 1839 to 1840 (died 1840)
    February 18 – Solomon Metcalf Allen, professor (died 1817)
    January 4 – Thomas Nelson Jr., signatory of the Declaration of Independence and Governor of Virginia in 1781 (born 1738)
    January 10 – James Mitchell Varnum, brigadier general of the Revolutionary War, Continental Congressman for Rhode Island (born 1748)
    January 13 – Joseph Spencer, major general of the Revolutionary War, Continental Congressman for Connecticut (born 1714)
    January 25 – James Randolph Reid, Continental Congressman for Connecticut (born 1750)

    Little, Charles E. (1900). "America: 1789". Cyclopedia of Classified Dates. New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

    Media related to 1789 in the United Statesat Wikimedia Commons
    "1789". Timeline. Digital Public Library of America. Archived from the originalon June 6, 2014.