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  1. House of Stuart - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › House_of_Stuart

    The House of Stuart, originally Stewart, was a royal house of Scotland, England, Ireland and later Great Britain.The family name comes from the office of High Steward of Scotland, which had been held by the family scion Walter fitz Alan (c. 1150).

  2. House of Stuart - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › House_of_Stuart

    From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The House of Stewart, or Stuart, is a royal house of Scotland and England. The Tudor dynasty ended when Queen Elizabeth I died in 1603. She named her cousin James I as heir.

    Name
    From
    Until
    Relationship with predecessor
    James VI of ScotlandandJames I of ...
    24 July 1567and24 March 1603
    27 March 1625
    son of Mary, Queen of Scots and Henry ...
    27 March 1625
    30 January 1649 (executed)
    son of James VI of Scotland & I of ...
    30 January 1649
    6 February 1685
    son of Charles I of England, Scotland & ...
    James VII of ScotlandandJames II of ...
    6 February 1685
    13 February 1689
    brother of Charles II of England, ...
  3. Category:House of Stuart - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Category:House_of_Stuart

    Category:House of Stuart From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikimedia Commons has media related to House of Stuart. The House of Stuart — a Scottish royal house, and later English and British royal house.

  4. Casa de Estuardo - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

    es.wikipedia.org › wiki › Casa_de_Estuardo
    • Origen E Historia
    • Reyes de Escocia
    • Reyes de Inglaterra
    • Pretendientes

    El más antiguo miembro conocido de la Casa de Estuardo fue Flaad I («el Senescal», «steward» en inglés), noble bretón del siglo XI perteneciente al séquito del señor de Dol y Combourgo. Flaad y sus inmediatos descendientes ostentaron el cargo honorario y hereditario de Dapifer ("el portador de alimentos") del señor de Dol. Su nieto Flaad II entró al servicio de Enrique I de Inglaterra, protagonizando el "paso" de la dinastía de Bretaña a Gran Bretaña, que fue donde se fraguó su destino. Walter FitzAlan (1106-1177), nieto de Flaad II e hijo de Alan fitz Flaad, nació en Oswestry (Shropshire). Con su hermano Guillermo, antepasado de la familia de los condes de Arundel, apoyó a la Emperatriz Matilde de Inglaterra contra su primo Esteban I de Blois, durante el período conocido como la Anarquía. Otro de los aliados de Matilde fue su tío David I de Escocia, de la casa de Dunkeld. Después de que Matilde, habiendo básicamente fracasado en su intento de hacerse con el trono, tuviera que refug...

    Roberto II, 1316–1390, Rey de Escocia de 1371 a 1390
    Roberto III, 1337–1406, Rey de Escocia de 1390 a 1406
    Jacobo I, 1394–1437, Rey de Escocia de 1406 a 1437
    Jacobo II, 1430–1460, Rey de Escocia de 1437 a 1460
    Jacobo VI de Escocia y I de Inglaterra, Rey de Inglaterra de 1603 a 1625
    Carlos I de Inglaterra y Escocia, Rey de Inglaterra y Escocia de 1625 a 1649
    Carlos II de Inglaterra y Escocia, Rey de Inglaterra y Escocia de 1660 a 1685
    Jacobo VII de Escocia y II de Inglaterra, Rey de Inglaterra y Escocia de 1685 a 1688, el cual continuó reclamando los tronos inglés y escocés tras su deposición en 1688
    Jacobo Francisco Estuardo, conocido como el Viejo Pretendiente, reclamó el trono como Jacobo VIII de Escocia y Jacobo III de Inglaterra (1701–1766)
    Carlos Eduardo Estuardo, el Joven Pretendiente, reclamó el trono como Carlos III (1766–1788)
    Enrique Benedicto Estuardo, que reclamó el trono como Enrique IX de Inglaterra (1766–1807). A su muerte los derechos dinásticos pasaron al exrey Carlos Manuel IV de Cerdeña, pretendiente con el nom...
  5. Armorial of the House of Stuart - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › Armorial_of_the_House_of_Stuart

    The House of Stuart is a noble family of Scottish origin that eventually became monarchs of Scotland, England, Ireland, and Great Britain.

  6. Category:House of Stuart - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Category:House_of_Stuart

    Pages in category "House of Stuart" The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total.

  7. Stuart period - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Stuart_period
    • Political History
    • Social and Economic History
    • Foreign Policy
    • Timeline
    • Monarchs
    • Further Reading

    Charles I: 1625–1649

    King James was failing in physical and mental strength, because of this he was often mocked by his family and his own father would throw objects at him when he would try to stand up, and decision-making was increasingly in the hands of Charles and especially George Villiers (1592–1628), (he was Earl of Buckingham from 1617 and Duke from 1623). Buckingham showed a very high degree of energy and application, as well as a huge appetite for rewards and riches. By 1624 he was effectively the ruler...

    Civil War and Interregnum: 1642–1660

    The First English Civil War of 1642–1645 ended in victory for the Parliamentarians over the Royalists (often called "Cavaliers"). The Parliamentarians were often called "Roundheads" because of their short practical haircuts. The Second English Civil War was fought in 1648–1649; Charles lost and the execution of Charles Itook place in January 1649. The monarchy was temporarily displaced by the Commonwealth of England from 1649 to 1660. Oliver Cromwell ruled directly from 1653 to his death in 1...

    Restoration and Charles II: 1660–1685

    Widespread dissatisfaction with the lack of the king led to the Restoration in 1660, which was based on strong support for inviting Charles II to take the throne. The restoration settlement of 1660 reestablished the monarchy, and incorporated the lessons learned in the previous half century. The first basic lesson was that the king and the parliament were both needed, for troubles cumulated when the king attempted to rule alone (1629–1640), when Parliament ruled without a king (1642–1653) or...

    Population

    The total population of England grew steadily in the 17th century, from 1600 to about 1660, then declined slightly and stagnated between 1649 and 1714. The population was about 4.2 million in 1603, 5.2 million in 1649, 5.1 million in 1660, 4.9 million in 1688, and 5.3 million in 1714. By 1714 the Greater London area held about 674,000 people, or one in nine of England's population. The next cities in size were Norwich and Bristol(with a population of about 30,000 each). About 90% of the peopl...

    Witchcraft and magic

    Historians have recently placed stress on how people at the time dealt with the supernatural, not just in formal religious practice and theology, but in everyday life through magic and witchcraft. The persecution of witches began in England in 1563, and hundreds were executed. England was spared the frenzy on Continental Europe; with over 5% of Europe's population in 1600, England executed only 1% of the 40,000 witches killed in the period 1400–1800. The government made witchcraft a capital c...

    Education

    There was no free schooling for ordinary children, but in the towns and cities small local private schools were opened for the benefit of the boys of the middle classes, and a few were opened for girls. The rich and the nobility relied on private tutors. Private schools were starting to open for young men of the upper classes, and universities operated in Scotland and England. The University of Oxford and the University of Cambridgeprovided some education for prospective Anglican ministers, b...

    Stuart England was primarily consumed with internal affairs. King James I (reigned 1603–25) was sincerely devoted to peace, not just for his three kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, but for Europe as a whole. He disliked Puritans and Jesuits alike, because of their eagerness for warfare. He called himself "Rex Pacificus" ("King of peace.") At the time, Europe was deeply polarised, and on the verge of the massive Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), with the smaller established Protestant states facing the aggression of the larger Catholic empires. On assuming the throne, James made peace with Catholic Spain, and made it his policy to marry his son to the Spanish Infanta (princess) Maria Anna in the "Spanish Match". The marriage of James' daughter Princess Elizabeth to Frederick V, Elector Palatine on 14 February 1613 was more than the social event of the era; the couple's union had important political and military implications. Across Europe, the German princes were banding togeth...

    The Stuart period began in 1603 with the death of Queen Elizabeth I and the accession of King James I. There was a break in the middle but the Stuarts were restored to the throne in 1660. It ended in 1714 (after 111 years) with the death of Queen Anne and the accession of King George I, the first king of the House of Hanover. The yellow bars show Stuart rule.

    The House of Stuartproduced six monarchs who ruled during this period. 1. James I (1603–1625) 2. Charles I (1625–1649) 3. Charles II (1660–1685) 4. James II (1685–1688) 5. William III (1689–1702) 6. Mary II (1689–1694) 7. Anne (1702–1714)

    Bucholz, Robert, and Newton Key. Early modern England 1485–1714: A narrative history(2009); university textbook.
    Burke, Peter "Popular culture in seventeenth-century London." The London Journal 3.2 (1977): 143–162. online
    Campbell, Mildred. English yeoman under Elizabeth and the early Stuarts(1942), rich coverage of rural life
    Clark, George, The Later Stuarts, 1660–1714(Oxford History of England) (2nd ed. 1956), a wide-ranging standard scholarly survey.
  8. House of Stuart — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    wiki2.org › en › House_of_Stuart
    • Origins
    • History
    • Present Day
    • List of Monarchs

    Etymology

    The name Stew­art de­rives from the po­lit­i­cal po­si­tion of of­fice sim­i­lar to a gov­er­nor, known as a stew­ard. It orig­i­nally was adopted as the fam­ily sur­name by Wal­ter Stew­art, 3rd High Stew­ard of Scot­land, who was the third mem­ber of the fam­ily to hold the po­si­tion. Pre­vi­ously, fam­ily names were not used, but in­stead they had patronyms de­fined through the fa­ther; for ex­am­ple the first two High Stew­ards were known as FitzAlan and FitzWal­ter re­spec­tively. The g...

    Background

    The an­ces­tral ori­gins of the Stu­art fam­ily are ob­scure—their prob­a­ble an­ces­try is traced back to Alan FitzFlaad, a Bre­ton who came over to Great Britain not long after the Nor­man con­quest. Alan had been the hered­i­tary stew­ard of the Bishop of Dol in the Duchy of Brit­tany; Alan had a good re­la­tion­ship with Henry I of Eng­land who awarded him with lands in Shrop­shire. The FitzA­lan fam­ily quickly es­tab­lished them­selves as a promi­nent An­glo-Nor­man noble house, with so...

    The sixth High Stew­ard of Scot­land, Wal­ter Stew­art (1293–1326), mar­ried Mar­jorie, daugh­ter of Robert the Bruce, and also played an im­por­tant part in the Bat­tle of Ban­nock­burn gain­ing fur­ther favour. Their son Robert was heir to the House of Bruce, the Lord­ship of Cun­ning­ham and the Bruce lands of Bourtree­hill; he even­tu­ally in­her­ited the Scot­tish throne when his uncle David IIdied child­less in 1371. In 1503, James IV at­tempted to se­cure peace with Eng­land by mar­ry­ing King Henry VII's daugh­ter, Mar­garet Tudor. The birth of their son, later James V, brought the House of Stew­art into the line of de­scent of the House of Tudor, and the Eng­lish throne. Mar­garet Tudor later mar­ried Archibald Dou­glas, 6th Earl of Angus, and their daugh­ter, Mar­garet Dou­glas, was the mother of Henry Stu­art, Lord Darn­ley. In 1565, Darn­ley mar­ried his half-cousin Mary, Queen of Scots, the daugh­ter of James V. Darn­ley's fa­ther was Matthew Stew­art, 4th Earl of Lenno...

    The Royal House of Stu­art be­came ex­tinct with the death of Car­di­nal Henry Bene­dict Stu­art, brother of Charles Ed­ward Stu­art, in 1807. Duke Fran­cis of Bavaria is the cur­rent se­nior heir. How­ever, Charles II had a num­ber of il­le­git­i­mate sons whose sur­viv­ing de­scen­dants in the male line in­clude Charles Gor­don-Lennox, 11th Duke of Rich­mond; Henry FitzRoy, 12th Duke of Grafton; Mur­ray Beau­clerk, 14th Duke of St Al­bans; and Richard Scott, 10th Duke of Buc­cleuch. In ad­di­tion, James II's il­le­git­i­mate son, James Fitz­James, 1st Duke of Berwick, founded the House of Fitz­Jamescom­pris­ing two branches, one in France and one in Spain. The last of the French branch died in 1967; the se­nior heir of James II's male-line de­scen­dants is Ja­cobo Her­nando Fitz-James Stu­art, 20th Duke of Peñaranda de Duero.

    Monarchs of England, Scotland and Ireland

    From the Acts of Union 1707, which came into ef­fect on 1 May 1707, the last Stu­art monarch, Anne, be­came Queen of Great Britain and Ire­land.

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