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  1. › wiki › RepublicRepublic - Wikipedia

    A republic (from Latin res publica 'public affair') is a form of government in which "supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives". [1] In republics, the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers. The primary positions of power within a republic are attained through ...

  2. Republic - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre Republic Esta página de desambiguación enumera artículos que tienen títulos similares. Republic ( república en inglés) puede referirse a: Condado de Republic, uno de 105 condados del estado estadounidense de Kansas. Republic (Kansas), ciudad en el condado de Republic, estado estadounidense de Kansas.

  3. Republic (political organisation) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Republic is a British republican pressure group advocating the replacement of the United Kingdom's monarchy with a de facto parliamentary republic.

    • 1983/2006
    • Political advocacy
    • Limited company
    • London
    • Structure
    • Topics
    • Reception and Interpretation
    • Place in Plato's Corpus
    • Fragments
    • Translations
    • External Links

    Scholarly views

    Three interpretations of the Republicare presented in the following section; they are not exhaustive in their treatments of the work, but are examples of contemporary interpretation.

    Definition of justice

    In the first book, two definitions of justice are proposed but deemed inadequate. Returning debts owed, and helping friends while harming enemies, are commonsense definitions of justice that, Socrates shows, are inadequate in exceptional situations, and thus lack the rigidity demanded of a definition. Yet he does not completely reject them, for each expresses a commonsense notion of justice that Socrates will incorporate into his discussion of the just regime in books II through V. At the end...

    Theory of universals

    The Republic contains Plato's Allegory of the Cave with which he explains his concept of the Forms as an answer to the problem of universals. The Allegory of the Cave primarily depicts Plato's distinction between the world of appearances and the 'real' world of the Forms,as well as helping to justify the philosopher's place in society as king. Plato imagines a group of people who have lived their entire lives as prisoners, chained to the wall of a cave in the subterranean so they are unable t...

    Dialectical forms of government

    While Plato spends much of the Republichaving Socrates narrate a conversation about the city he founds with Glaucon and Adeimantus "in speech", the discussion eventually turns to considering four regimes that exist in reality and tend to degrade successively into each other: timocracy, oligarchy (also called plutocracy), democracy and tyranny (also called despotism). Timocracy Socrates defines a timocracyas a government of people who love rule and honor. Socrates argues that the timocracy eme...


    Plato's most prominent pupil Aristotle, systematises many of Plato's analyses in his Politika, and criticizes the propositions of several political philosophers for the ideal city-state.

    Ancient Greece

    It has been suggested that Isocrates parodies the Republic in his work Busirisby showing Callipolis' similarity to the Egyptian state founded by a king of that name. Zeno of Citium, the founder of Stoicism, wrote his version of an ideal society, Zeno's Republic, in opposition to Plato's Republic. Zeno's Republic was controversial and was viewed with some embarrassment by some of the later Stoics due to its defenses of free love, incest, and cannibalism and due to its opposition to ordinary ed...


    Islamic philosophers were much more interested in Aristotle than Plato, but not having access to Aristotle's Politics, Ibn Rushd (Averroes) produced instead a commentary onPlato's Republic. He advances an authoritarian ideal, following Plato's paternalistic model. Absolute monarchy, led by a philosopher-king, creates a justly ordered society. This requires extensive use of coercion, although persuasion is preferred and is possible if the young are properly raised.Rhetoric, not logic, is the a...

    The Republic is generally placed in the middle period of Plato's dialogues—that is, it is believed to be written after the early period dialogues but before the late period dialogues. However, the distinction of this group from the early dialogues is not as clear as the distinction of the late dialogues from all the others. Nonetheless, Ritter, Arn...

    Several Oxyrhynchus Papyri fragments were found to contain parts of the Republic, and from other works such as Phaedo, or the dialogue Gorgias, written around 200–300 CE. Fragments of a different version of Plato's Republic were discovered in 1945, part of the Nag Hammadi library, written ca. 350 CE.These findings highlight the influence of Plato d...

    Rowe, Christopher (2012). Plato: Republic. London: Penguin.
    Sachs, Joe (2007). Plato: Republic. Newburyport: Focus Publishing.
    Allen, R.E. (2006). Plato: The Republic. New Haven: Yale University Press.
    Reeve, C.D.C. (2004). Plato: The Republic. Indianapolis: Hackett.
    Texts of the Republic:
    The Republic public domain audiobook at LibriVox
    "Plato's Republic". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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    • Plato
  4. The Czech Republic, [a] [12] also called Czechia [b] [13] is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Historically known as Bohemia, [14] it is bordered by Austria to the south, Germany to the west, Poland to the northeast, and Slovakia to the southeast. [15]

  5. Republic Records - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre Republic Records Republic Récords es un sello discográfico estadounidense que opera como una división de Universal Music Group. El sello fue fundado por Monte Lipman y Avery Lipman en 1995; más tarde se integró a Universal Motown Republic Group en 1999.