Despite being part of Occitania, the regions of Auvergne and Limousin are not normally considered part of southern France. The largest cities of southern France are Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Nice and Montpellier. The Pyrenees and French Alps are also located in the area, in respectively its southwestern and eastern parts. Corsica, which is south of Continental France and just north of Sardinia, Italy, may also be included. Tourism
The Invasion of Southern France may refer to: the French Revolutionary Wars invasion attempts to defeat the French Revolution. the 1793 War of the Pyrenees, luso-spanish forces supported by the British navy attempted to invade southern France. the 1793 Siege of Toulon, led by a British-backed force of French Emigres.
Although these territories have had these political powers since 1982, when France's decentralisation policy dictated that they be given elected regional councils along with other regional powers, the designation overseas regions dates only to the 2003 constitutional change; indeed, the new wording of the constitution aims to give no precedence to either appellation overseas department or overseas region, although the second is still virtually unused by French media.
- Physical Geography of Metropolitan France
- Political Geography
- Extreme Points
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The French metropolitan territory is relatively large, so the climate is not uniform, giving rise to the following climate nuances: 1. The hot-summer mediterranean climate (Csa) is found along the Gulf of Lion. Summers are hot and dry, while winters are mild and wet. Cities affected by this climate: Arles, Avignon, Fréjus, Hyères, Marseille, Menton, Montpellier, Nice, Perpignan, Toulon. 2. The warm-summer mediterranean climate (Csb) is found in the northern part of Brittany. Summers are warm...
1. Lowest point: Étang de Lavalduc, Bouches-du-Rhône-10 m 2. Highest point: Mont Blanc 4,808 m See also: Evolution of highest point of France
1. Arable land: 33.40% 2. Permanent crops: 1.83% 3. Other: 64.77% (2007) Irrigated land: 26,420 km2(2007) Total renewable water resources: 211 km3(2011) Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural): 31.62 km3/yr (19%/71%/10%) (512.1 m3/yr per capita) (2009)
France has several levels of internal divisions. The first-level administrative division of Integral France is regions. Besides this the French Republic has sovereignty over several other territories, with various administrative levels. 1. Metropolitan (i.e. European) France is divided into 12 régions and 1 territorial collectivity, Corsica. However, Corsica is referred to as a region in common speech. These regions are subdivided into 96 départements, which are further divided into 320 arron...
1. Land boundaries: 1.1. Total:3,966.2 kilometres (2,464.5 mi) 1.2. 2,751 kilometres (1,709 mi) (metropolitan), 1,205 kilometres (749 mi) (French Guiana) 10.2 kilometres (6.3 mi) (Saint Martin) 2. Border countries: 2.1. Andorra 55 kilometres (34 mi), Belgium 556 kilometres (345 mi), Germany 450 kilometres (280 mi), Italy 476 kilometres (296 mi), Luxembourg 69 kilometres (43 mi), Monaco 6 kilometres (3.7 mi), Spain 646 kilometres (401 mi), Switzerland525 kilometres (326 mi) (metropolitan) 2.2....
This is a list of the extreme points of France; the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.(in French) GéoPortail- Geography portal of France, high altitude imagery, maps ...
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Origin of term
The term French Riviera comes by analogy with the term Italian Riviera, which extends east of the French Riviera (from Ventimiglia to La Spezia). As early as the 19th century, the British referred to the region as the Riviera or the French Riviera, usually referring to the eastern part of the coast, between Monaco and the Italian border. Originally, rivierais an Italian noun which means "coastline". The name Côte d'Azur was given to the coast by the writer Stéphen Liégeard in his book, La Côt...
Disputes over the extent of the Riviera and the Côte d'Azur
Côte d'Azur and the French Riviera have no official boundaries. Some sources put the western boundary at Saint-Tropez. Others include Saint Tropez, Hyères or Toulon in the Var (departement), or as far as Cassis in the Bouches-du-Rhône departement.In her 1955 novel, The Talented Mr. Ripley, Patricia Highsmithdescribes the Riviera as including all of the coast between Toulon and the Italian border.
From prehistory to the Bronze Age
The region of the French Riviera has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Primitive tools dating to between 1,000,000 and 1,050,000 years ago were discovered in the Grotte du Vallonnet, near Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, with stones and bones of animals, including bovines, rhinoceros, and bison. At Terra Amata (380,000 to 230,000 years ago), near the Nice Port, a fireplace was discovered that is one of the oldest found in Europe. Stone dolmens, monuments from the Bronze Age, can be found near Dra...
Beginning in the 7th century BC, Greek sailors from Phocaea in Asia Minor began to visit and then build emporia along the Côte d'Azur. Emporia were started at Olbia (Hyères); Antipolis (Antibes) and Nikaia (Nice). These settlements, which traded with the inhabitants of the interior, became rivals of the Etruscans and Phoenicians, who also visited the Côte d'Azur.
In 8 BC the Emperor Augustus built an imposing trophy monument at La Turbie (the Trophy of the Alpsor Trophy of Augustus) to mark the pacification of the region. Roman towns, monuments and amphitheatres were built along the Côte d'Azur and many still survive, such as the amphitheatre and baths at Cimiez, above Nice, and the amphitheatre, Roman walls and other remains at Fréjus.
Places on the Côte d'Azur (following the broadest definition), following the coast from south-west to north-east, include:
Some data related to tourism on the Riviera in 2006: 1. More than 14 million tourists 2. 52% of customers from abroad 3. 65 million nights stayed 4. Tourists spending €5 billion 5. 75,000 jobs; tourism is 18% of total employment in the Alpes-Maritimes. 6. 500,000 tourists in the High Country 7. 500,000 delegates 8. 3 million admissions to museums and monuments 9. More than 45% of tourists come by air
The French Riviera is mostly subtropical, featuring a Mediterranean climate, with sunny, hot, dry summers and mild winters. Winter temperatures are moderated by the Mediterranean; days of frost are rare. The average daily low temperature in Nice in January is 5.4 °C (41.7 °F); the January average daily low temperature in Toulonis 6.2 °C (43.2 °F). The average high temperature in August in Nice is 28.6 °C (83.5 °F); in Toulon the average daily high temperature is 29.7 °C (85.5 °F) The Côte d'A...
Several major events take place: 1. Monaco and southeast France: Rallye Automobile Monte-Carlo, JanuaryMonaco Grand Prixrace 2. Monaco: International Circus Festival of Monte-Carlo, January / February 3. Mandelieu-la-Napoule: La Fête du Mimosa, February 4. Nice: Carnival, February 5. Menton: Lemon Festival, February 6. Tourrettes-sur-Loup: Violet F...
The climate and vivid colors of the Mediterranean attracted many famous artists during the 19th and 20th centuries. They included: 1. Pierre Bonnard (1867–1947); retired to and died at Le Cannet. 2. Roger Broders(1883–1953); Parisian travel poster illustrator. 3. Marc Chagall (1887–1985); lived in Saint-Paul-de-Vencebetween 1948 and 1985. 4. Henri-...
1. Henry de Lumley, La Grand Histoire des premiers hommes européens, Odile Jacob, Paris, 2010. (ISBN 978 2 7381 2386 2) 2. Aldo Bastié, Histoire de la Provence, Éditions Ouest-France, 2001. 3. Mary Blume, Côte d'Azur: Inventing the French Riviera, Thames and Hudson, London, 1992. 4. Patrick Howarth, When the Riviera was Ours, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1977. 5. Jim Ring, Riviera, the Rise and Fall of the Côte d'Azur, John Murray Publishers, London, 1988. 6. Edouard Baratier (editor), His...
1. La Méditerranée de Courbet à Matisse, catalog of the exhibit at the Grand Palais, Paris from September 2000 to January 2001. Published by the Réunion des musées nationaux, 2000.
10 de mar. de 2021 · S Large South-East of France (4 C, 1 P, 4 F) Large South-West of France (3 C, 8 F) Media in category "Southern France" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. A View from Grasse, South France, 1892.jpg 824 × 536; 94 KB Cross on the Road to Antibes by Bernard Walter Evans.jpg 1,800 × 1,285; 465 KB