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  1. West Virginia is a state in the Appalachian, Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern regions of the United States. It is bordered by Pennsylvania to the north and east, Maryland to the east and northeast, Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, and Ohio to the northwest. West Virginia is the 10th-smallest state by area and ranks as the 12th ...

  2. Virginia Occidental - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre Coordenadas: 39°00′N 80°30′O ( mapa) Virginia Occidental Virginia Occidental (en inglés, West Virginia) es uno de los cincuenta estados que, junto con Washington D. C., forman los Estados Unidos de América. Su capital y ciudad más poblada es Charleston.

    • Statehood of West Virginia
    • Geography
    • Related Pages

    West Virginia was admitted into the union as a slave state in 1863. Slavery was abolished after the war, and Confederateveterans voted the politicians who passed the laws out of office. West Virginia was once a part of Virginia. At the beginning of the American Civil War, Virginia and the other southern states seceded from the United States, which ...

    West Virginia is often called the "Mountain State" because it is entirely within the Appalachian Mountain Range, and there are many hills and mountains throughout the state. The highest one is Spruce Knob, which is 4,863 feet above sea level. There are many rivers, including the Ohio, the Potomac, the Kanawha, and the Monongahela.

    • June 20, 1863 (35th)
    • Part of Virginia
    • United States
    • Prehistory
    • European Exploration and Settlement
    • Trans-Allegheny Virginia, 1776–1861
    • Civil War and Split
    • Resources
    • 20th Century
    • See Also
    • References and Bibliography
    • External Links

    The area now known as West Virginia was a favorite hunting ground of numerous Native American peoples before the arrival of European settlers. Many ancient earthen mounds constructed by various mound builder cultures survive, especially in the areas of Moundsville, South Charleston, and Romney. The artifacts uncovered in these give evidence of a vi...

    In 1671, General Abraham Wood, at the direction of Royal Governor William Berkeley of the Virginia Colony, sent the party of Thomas Batts and Robert Fallum into the West Virginia area. During this expedition the pair followed the New River and discovered Kanawha Falls. On July 13, 1709, Louis Michel, George Ritter, and Baron Christoph von Graffenri...

    Social conditions in western Virginia were entirely unlike those in the eastern portion of the state. The population was not homogeneous, as a considerable part of the immigration came by way of Pennsylvania and included Germans, Protestant Scotch-Irish, and settlers from the states farther north. Counties in the east and south were settled mostly ...

    In 1861, as the United States itself became massively divided over slavery, leading to the American Civil War (1861–1865), the western regions of Virginia split with the eastern portion politically, and the two were never reconciled as a single state again. In 1863, the western region was admitted to the Union as a new separate state, initially pla...

    Salt

    The new state benefited from development of its mineral resources more than any other single economic activity after Reconstruction. Much of the northern panhandle and north-central portion of the State are underlain by bedded salt deposits over 50 feet (15 m) thick. Salt mining had been underway since the 18th century, though that which could be easily obtained had largely played out by the time of the American Civil War, when the red salt of Kanawha Countywas a valued commodity of first Con...

    Timber

    West Virginia was forested. During the period 1870 to 1920 most of the old-growth forest was logged. Logging was supported by a dense rail network extending throughout the mountains and hollows. Small pockets of virgin forest remain at Gaudineer Scenic Area and Cathedral State Park.

    Coal

    In the 1850s, geologists such as British expert Dr. David T. Ansted (1814–1880), surveyed potential coal fields and invested in land and early mining projects. After the War, with the new railroads came a practical method to transport large quantities of coal to expanding U.S. and export markets. Among the numerous investors were Charles Pratt and New York City mayor Abram S. Hewitt, whose father-in law, Peter Cooper, had been a key man in earlier development of the anthracite coal regions ce...

    Woman suffrage

    West Virginia suffragists worked at supporting the agendas put forward by the National American Woman Suffrage Association, the National Association of Colored Women and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union in the 1890s through the early part of the 20th century. According to historian Anne Wallace Effland, conservative social and religious beliefs together with the campaigns by anti-suffragists kept up a solid defense against them. The organized work by women's clubs during World War I hel...

    State hatcheries and tourism industry

    Wildlife biologist Robert Silvester of the State Wildlife Center wrote a history of conservation in West Virginia. He explains as industry developed in the region, the people of West Virginia saw a need for wildlife conservation. The Wildlife and Fish Commission was created in 1921. The commission established the French Creek Game Farm 1923. Various game animals and now protected birds were raised for conservation repopulating or control reasons throughout the state. Coincidentally, it was si...

    World War II

    West Virginia enthusiastically supported World War II, with 67,000 men and about 1,000 women donning uniforms. Unemployment ended as the mines, railroads. mills and factories worked overtime to create the "Arsenal of Democracy" that supplied the munitions to win the war. However, repeatedly John L. Lewis called his United Mine Workers union out on strike, defying the government, outraging public opinion, and strengthening the hand of anti-union Congressmen. In the postwar years he continued h...

    Surveys

    1. Abramson, Rudy, and Jean Haskell, eds. Encyclopedia of Appalachia(2006) 1864pp; 2000 articles by experts 2. Charles H. Ambler and Festus P. Summers. West Virginia, the Mountain State (1958)a standard history 3. Brisbin, Richard A. et al. West Virginia Politics and Government(1996) 4. Callahan, James M. Semi-Centennial History of West Virginia (1913), online, old useful narrative 5. Callahan, James Morton (1922). "West Virginia" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 32 (1...

    Pre 1877

    1. Ambler, Charles H. Sectionalism in Virginia from 1776 to 1861 (1910) 1.1. Rasmussen, Barbara. "Charles Ambler's Sectionalism in Virginia: An Appreciation," West Virginia History,Spring 2009, Vol. 3 Issue 1, pp 1–35 2. Ambler, Charles H. A History of Education in West Virginia From Early Colonial Times to 1949 (1951), 1000 pages 3. Curry, Richard Orr. A House Divided: A Study of Statehood Politics and Copperhead Movement in West Virginia(1964) 4. Curry, Richard Orr. "A Reappraisal of Stateh...

    Since 1877

    1. Ambler, Charles H. A History of Education in West Virginia From Early Colonial Times to 1949 (1951), 1000 pages 2. Becker, Jane S. Inventing Tradition: Appalachia and the Construction of an American Folk, 1930–1940(1998). 3. Campbell, John C. The Southern Highlander and His Homeland (1921) reissued 1969. online edition 4. Corbin, David Alan. Life, Work, and Rebellion in the Coal Fields: The Southern West Virginia Miners, 1880–1922(1981) 5. Conley, Phil. History of West Virginia Coal Indust...

    WV, An Archaeological Treasure Online Gallery, Fort Ancients
    Compact History Geographic Overviewby Lee Sultzman
    • Geographie
    • Geschichte
    • Politik
    • Bevölkerung
    • Kultur und Sehenswürdigkeiten
    • Wirtschaft und Infrastruktur
    • Literatur
    • Weblinks

    Geographische Lage

    West Virginia liegt im Osten der USA zwischen Virginia im Südosten und Süden, Kentucky im Südwesten, Ohio im Nordwesten sowie Pennsylvania und Maryland im Nordosten. Der nördlichste Teil des Staates bildet einen schmalen Streifen zwischen Ohio und Pennsylvania und wird daher als „Panhandle“ (Pfannenstiel) bezeichnet. Die Grenze zu Ohio wird durch den Oberlauf des Ohio River gebildet, die Grenze zu Maryland durch den North Branch des Potomac River. Der Staat liegt zur Gänze in den Appalachen,...

    Flüsse und Seen

    Die Östliche Nordamerikanische Wasserscheide durchschneidet West Virginia. Der östlichste Teil des Staates gehört zum Einzugsgebiet des Potomac River, der direkt zum Atlantik entwässert, der größere westliche Teil entwässert über den Ohio River und den Mississippi River in den Golf von Mexiko. Wichtige Nebenflüsse des Ohio in West Virginia sind Wheeling Creek, Little Kanawha River mit dem Stausee Burnsville Lake, Kanawha River mit dem Nebenfluss Elk River sowie der Big Sandy River mit seinem...

    West Virginias Entstehung ist einzigartig in der Geschichte der Vereinigten Staaten: Bis zum Sezessionskrieg war es ein Teil Virginias. Schon seit der Besiedlung dieses Landesteils gab es jedoch politische Differenzen zwischen den eher ärmeren Kleinbauern dieser Gebirgsregion und den Plantagenbesitzern in den Ebenen, die in der Politik des Staates ...

    Gliederung

    West Virginia ist in 55 Countys unterteilt. Es gibt insgesamt 232 Gemeinden (incorporated municipalities). Die größte Stadt ist die Hauptstadt Charlestonmit 47.215 Einwohnern.

    Politisches System

    Die Gesetzgebung in West Virginia findet durch ein Zweikammersystem statt: durch ein Repräsentantenhaus (West Virginia House of Delegates) und einen Senat. Beide zusammen bilden die West Virginia Legislature. Der Gouverneur ist mit der Leitung der Regierungsgeschäfte betraut, verfügt über das Begnadigungsrecht und hat darüber hinaus repräsentative Aufgaben. Er wird alle vier Jahre parallel zu den Präsidentschaftswahlen gewählt. Der jetzige Gouverneur ist der Republikaner Jim Justice. Lieutena...

    West Virginia hat 1.852.994 Einwohner (Stand: Census 2010), davon sind 93,9 % Weiße, 3,4 % Afroamerikaner, 0,7 % Asiaten, 0,2 % Indianer, und 1,2 % Hispanics und Latinos jedweder Ethnie. Lediglich 1,1 % der Einwohner des Bundesstaates sind außerhalb der Vereinigten Staaten geboren worden. Damit liegt West Virginia in der US-Statistik auf einem der ...

    Lieder

    Mit dem 1971 veröffentlichten Lied Take Me Home, Country Roads erreichte John DenverPlatz 2 der US-Singlecharts. Nachdem das Lied bereits schnell zu einer inoffiziellen Hymne des Staats avancierte, ist es seit 2014 auch eine der offiziellen Hymnen West Virginias.

    Allegheny Mountains

    Die Allegheny Mountains sind noch nicht übermäßig touristisch erschlossen, obwohl sie nur wenige Autostunden von den Metropolen der Ostküste entfernt liegen. Sie sind geeignet für Rafting, Mountainbike- und Klettertouren.

    New River Gorge

    Die New River Gorge ist eine berühmte 300 m tiefe Schlucht westlich der Ortschaft Lewisburg, die nur über den Wasserweg (Rafting) zu erreichen ist, oder man genießt den phantastischen Ausblick von der Eisenbahnbrücke aus einem Amtrakzug. Viele Extremsportler reizt jedoch ein Sprung mit dem Gleitfallschirm mehr. Die sie überspannende Bogenbrückenkonstruktion ist neben der Royal Gorge Bridge über den Arkansas River in Coloradodie zweithöchste Brücke dieser Art in den USA.

    Die Bevölkerung West Virginias zählt traditionell zu den ärmsten der US-Bundesstaaten. Das reale Bruttoinlandsprodukt pro Kopf (engl. per capita GDP) – der wichtigste Wohlstandsindikator – lag im Jahre 2016 bei USD 40.071 (nationaler Durchschnitt der 50 US-Bundesstaaten: USD 57.118; nationaler Rangplatz: 48). Nur Mississippiliegt im Bundesstaatenra...

    Otis K. Rice, Stephen W. Brown: West Virginia: A History. Zweite Auflage. University Press of Kentucky, Lexington 1993, ISBN 978-0-8131-1854-3.
    John Alexander Williams: West Virginia: A History. W.W. Norton, New York 1984, ISBN 978-0-393-30182-3.
    • Englisch
    • Montani Semper Liberi (lat.), (dt.: Bergbewohner sind immer frei)
  3. West Virginia - Wikipedia 39° 0′ NB, 80° 30′ WL ( Kaart) West Virginia West Virginia (Nederlands: West-Virginië) is een van de staten van de Verenigde Staten. De standaardafkorting voor de "Mountain State", zoals de bijnaam luidt, is WV. De hoofdstad is Charleston . Inhoud 1 Geschiedenis 2 Geografie 3 Demografie en economie 4 Bestuurlijke indeling

  4. The U.S. state of West Virginia has 55 counties. Fifty of them existed at the time of the Wheeling Convention in 1861, during the American Civil War, when those counties seceded from the Commonwealth of Virginia to form the new state of West Virginia. West Virginia was admitted as a separate state of the United States on June 20, 1863.

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