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  1. Australia - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre Coordenadas: 35°17′35″S 149°07′37″E / -35.293055555556, 149.12694444 Australia De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre Ir a la navegaciónIr a la búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Australia (desambiguación). No debe confundirse con Austriao Australasia. Mancomunidad de Australia

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › AustraliaAustralia - Wikipedia

    Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. With an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi), [14] Australia is the largest country by area in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country .

    • Geography
    • History
    • Politics
    • Culture
    • Indigenous Life
    • Other Websites

    Australia's landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi) is on the Indo-Australian plate. The continent of Australia, including the island of Tasmania, was separated from the other continents of the world many millions of years ago. Because of this, many animals and plants live in Australia that do not live anywhere else. These include...

    Aboriginal people

    The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people arrived in Australia about 60,000 years ago or maybe even earlier. Until the arrival of British settlers in 1788, the Aboriginal people lived by hunting and gathering food from the land. They lived in all sorts of climates and managed the land in different ways. An example of Aboriginal land management was the Cumberland Plain where Sydney is now. Every few years the Aboriginal people would burn the grass and small trees.This meant that a lot o...

    Terra Australis

    In the 1600s, Dutch merchants traded with the islands of Batavia (now Indonesia), to the north of Australia and several different Dutch ships touched on the coast of Australia. The Dutch governor, van Diemen, sent Abel Tasman on a voyage of discovery and he found Tasmania, which he named Van Diemen's Land. Its name was later changed to honour the man who discovered it. The British Government was sure that there must be a very large land in the south, that had not been explored. They sent Capt...

    Settlement

    In the 1700s, in England, laws were tough, many people were poor and gaols (jails) were full. A person could be sentenced to death for stealing a loaf of bread. Many people were hanged for small crimes. But usually they were just thrown in gaol. Often they were sent away to the British colonies in America. But by the 1770s, the colonies in America became the United States. They were free from British rule and would not take England's convicts any more, so England needed to find a new and less...

    Australia is part of the Commonwealth of Nations. Australia is made up of six states, and two mainland territories. Each state and territory has its own Parliament and makes its own local laws. The Parliament of Australia sits in Canberra and makes laws for the whole country, also known as the Commonwealth or Federation. The Federal government is l...

    Australia was colonised by people from Britain, but today people from all over the world live there. English is the main spoken language. Christianity is the main religion, though all religions are accepted and not everybody has a religion. Australia is multicultural: all its people are encouraged to keep their different languages, religions and wa...

    Australia is home to many animals and plants that can be found nowhere else on Earth, except perhaps New Guinea. The platypus and the short-beaked echidna are unique, and are two of the only five surviving monotremes, which are only found in Australia and New Guinea. Koalas, kangaroos, wombats, numbats and many others others, are marsupials. Most o...

    Australia travel informations Archived 2015-03-16 at the Wayback MachineUser generated guide to Australia.
    • Overview
    • Australia only
    • Australia and New Guinea

    The continent of Australia is located in the Southern Hemisphere. The continent is sometimes defined as mainland Australia and Tasmania along with smaller surrounding islands. At other times the continent is defined as including the island of New Guinea and its surrounding smaller islands along with Australia.

    The continent of Australia is sometimes defined as including mainland Australia and its surrounding islands including Tasmania, making it the world's smallest continent. When this definition is used, Australia is the world's only continent that is governed by a single nation state, Australia. When defined as only Australia, the continent is approxi...

    The continent of Australia is also sometimes defined as encompassing a larger area, being the Australian mainland, Tasmania and the island of New Guinea, all of which share a shallow continental shelf. This definition encompasses all of the modern landmasses that at times of lower sea levels were encompassed in the prehistoric continent referred to...

    • Prehistoria
    • Exploración Europea
    • Asentamiento Y Colonización
    • Gobierno Colonial Propio Y Descubrimiento de Oro
    • Federación Y Guerras Mundiales
    • Prosperidad en La Posguerra
    • Enlaces Externos

    En lo referente a Australia, se entiende por prehistoria el período que se extiende desde la inmigración de los habitantes originarios hasta el primer avistamiento europeo confirmado, en 1606, el cual puede incluirse como parte de su historia temprana. Se considera que la prehistoria australiana es algunos miles de años más extensa que en otras par...

    Los primeros escritos sobre el descubrimiento del continente australiano por parte de exploradores europeos datan de comienzos del siglo XVII.[3]​ El primer avistamiento europeo del continente fue hecho en 1606 por el navegador neerlandés Willem Janszoon, quien navegó por el golfo de Carpentaria en su barco Duyfken, avistando y desembarcando en la ...

    Dentro de la colonia de la Corona británica de Nueva Gales del Sur, se estableció un asentamiento y colonia penal en Port Jackson (que actualmente forma parte de Sídney) fundados por el capitán Arthur Phillip el 26 de enero de 1788. Esa fecha se convertiría en una fiesta nacional denominada Día de Australia. La Tierra de Van Diemen, hoy conocida co...

    Una fiebre del oro comenzó en Australia a principios de la década de 1850. La rebelión conocida como Eureka Stockade de 1854 fue una expresión temprana del sentimiento nacionalista: la bandera utilizada para representar esta rebelión fue seriamente considerada como una alternativa para la bandera australiana. Las fiebres del oro atrajeron a muchos ...

    El 1 de enero de 1901, la federación de las colonias pudo realizarse después de una década de planeamiento y votaciones, naciendo así la Mancomunidad de Australia como un dominio del Imperio Británico. El Territorio de la Capital Australiana fue fundado en 1911 en un área anteriormente perteneciente a Nueva Gales del Sur con el fin de delimitar la ...

    Habiendo terminado la Segunda Guerra Mundial, el Gobierno australiano instigó un programa masivo para la inmigración europea. Después de haber prevenido por poco la invasión japonesa y sufrido ataques en suelo australiano por primera vez, se creyó que el país debía “poblarse o perecer”. La inmigración atrajo a los tradicionales emigrantes del Reino...

    (en inglés) History of the Australian nation - State Library of NSW
  3. Australia es un país en la macro-unidad geográfica Oceanía, situado entre el océano Índico y el sur del océano Pacífico. Es el sexto país más extenso del mundo con un total de 7 686 850 kilómetros cuadrados de superficie, incluyendo a la isla de Lord Howe y la isla Macquarie .

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