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Book your Graceland tour to visit the estate of the King of Rock ‘n’ Roll. Discover interactive, memorable things to do in Memphis, Tennessee at Graceland.3600 Elvis Presley Boulevard, Memphis, TN · Directions · (901) 332-3322
Memphis is a city in the U.S. state of Tennessee. It is the seat of Shelby County and is situated along the Mississippi River. With a population of 633,104 at the 2020 U.S. census,  Memphis is the second-most populous city in Tennessee, after Nashville. It is the fifth-most populous city in the Southeast, the nation's 28th-largest overall ...
Memphis es una ciudad situada en la esquina suroeste del estado de Tennessee, en Estados Unidos. Es también sede del condado de Shelby. Mundialmente conocida como la ciudad de Elvis. La ciudad se localiza sobre el cuarto Chickasaw Bluff, al sur del punto de confluencia de los ríos Wolf y Misisipi . Memphis tiene una población estimada de 646 849 2
- Early History
- 19th Century
- 20th Century
- Cultural History
- Historical and Genealogical Resources
- Further Reading
- External Links
From about 10,000 BCE, Paleo-Indians and later Archaic-Indians lived as communities of hunter-gatherers in the area that covers the modern-day southern United States. Approximately 800 CE to 1600 CE, the Mississippi River Delta was populated by tribes of the Mississippian culture, a mound-building Native American people who had developed in the lat...
Foundation - 1819
The area of West Tennessee became available for white settlement after the Federal Government purchased it from the Chickasaw Nation in the 1818 Jackson Purchase. Memphis was founded on May 22, 1819 by a group of investors, John Overton, James Winchester, and Andrew Jackson, and was incorporated as a city in 1826. The city was named after the ancient capital of Egypt on the Nile River, itself named Memphis in Greek after the Egyptian name Mennefer for the Pyramid complex of pharaoh Pepi I. Th...
Competing towns: Hopefield, AR and Randolph, TN
Hopefield, Arkansas was founded by the Spanish Governor in 1795, across from Memphis near present-day West Memphis, Arkansas. Hopefield became the eastern terminal for the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad in 1857 and prospered until the Civil War. It was burned by Union forces in retaliation for Confederate Raids. Although Hopefield was rebuilt afterward, it was destroyed in a flood. The area of Crittenden County, Arkansas has been subject to some of the country's most disastrous floods, due...
At the time of the American Civil War, Memphis was already an important regional city because of its river trade and railroad connections, particularly the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, the only east–west rail link across the South. Tennessee seceded from the Union in June 1861 and Memphis briefly became a Confederatestronghold. Union forces moving down the Mississippi River captured Memphis from the Confederacy in the Battle of Memphis on June 6, 1862. The city remained under Union contro...
Memphis developed as the world's largest spot cotton market and the world's largest hardwood lumber market, both commodity products of the Mississippi Delta. Into the 1950s, it was the world's largest mule market.Attracting workers from rural areas as well as new immigrants, from 1900 to 1950 the city increased nearly fourfold in population, from 102,350 to 396,000 residents. Memphis developed an extensive network of parks and public works as part of the national City Beautiful Movement. The...
From the 1910s to the 1950s, Memphis was a locus of machine politics under the direction of E. H. "Boss" Crump, a Democrat. He obtained a state law in 1911 to establish a small commission to manage the city. The city retained a form of commission government until 1967 But Crump was in full control at all times, Using all the familiar techniques of the big city boss, who is willing to engage in ballot manipulation, patronage for friends, and frustrating bureaucratic obstacles for the oppositio...
World War II - 1950s
During the Second World War, the War Department constructed large supply depots in Memphis for the Army and the Army Air Force. The Memphis Army Depot also served as a prisoner-of-war camp, housing 800 Axis prisoners. By the time it closed in 1997, the Memphis Army Depot had 130 buildings on site with more than 4,000,000 square feet (370,000 m2) of enclosed industrial space. Meanwhile, in 1942, the US Navy built the Millington Naval Air Station (now the Naval Support Activity Mid-South) in Mi...
Memphis is well known for its cultural contributions to the identity of the American south. Col. Henry Van Pelt began publishing The Appeal newspaper, ancestor of today's Commercial Appeal, in a wooden shack along the Wolf River in 1841. A pro-Confederacy newspaper, The Appeal moved frequently during the Civil War to avoid capture by Union forces. ...
The first Memphis schools were chartered in 1826, but until 1848 all Memphis schools were private. During this time the Memphis City Schools was formed in the early 1830s.The first "free" public schools opened in 1848, but at first nominally charged a $2 tuition. By 1852, there were 13 public schools supported by taxpayers. The fir...
The Memphis and Shelby County Room in the Benjamin L. Hooks Central Library provides facilities for researchers to view items from the library's archives and its manuscript collections. These include historical records of people and families, maps, photographs, newspaper vertical files, books, city directories, and music and video recordings. These...Memphis, Tennessee, between 1854 and 1857, The New York Public Library, Digital Collection.Former Napoleon Hillmansion (1881-1930).Scimitar Building, commissioned by Napoleon Hill in 1902.Cossitt Library and US Customs House (NBY 6202) c. 1910/1919.Baker, Thomas H. "Refugee Newspaper: The Memphis Daily Appeal, 1862-1865." Journal of Southern History (1963): 326–344. in JSTORBaker, Thomas Harrison. "Yellowjack. The yellow fever epidemic of 1878 in Memphis, Tennessee." Bulletin of the History of Medicine42.3 (1967): 241–264.Baker, Thomas Harrison. The Memphis Commercial Appeal: The History of a Southern Newspaper(Louisiana State University Press, 1971)Beaupre, Lauren Elizabeth. "Saints and the "Long Civil Rights Movement": Claiming Space in Memphis." Journal of Urban History (2012): online
Memphis, Tennessee - Wikipedia Memphis, Tennessee Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge Memphis is a ceety in the soothwastren corner o the U.S. state o Tennessee, an the coonty seat o Shelby Coonty. The ceety is locatit on the 4t Chickasaw Bluff, sooth o the confluence o the Wolf an Mississippi rivers.
- Art collections
- Other attractions
- Parks, gardens, and cemeteries
- Performing arts
Tourism in Memphis includes the points of interest in Memphis, Tennessee such as museums, fine art galleries, and parks, as well as Graceland the Beale Street entertainment district, and sporting events. The Memphis Brooks Museum of Art, founded in 1916, is the oldest and largest fine art museum in the state of Tennessee. A smaller art museum, the ...
The Art Museum at the University of Memphis is home to the largest collection of Egyptian antiquities in the South.
The Memphis Brooks Museum of Art, founded in 1916, is the oldest and largest fine art museum in the state of Tennessee. The Brooks' permanent collection includes works from the Italian Renaissance and Baroque eras to British, French Impressionists, and 20th century artists. It is
A smaller art museum, the Dixon Gallery and Gardens in east Memphis focuses on impressionism and has several works by Monet, Degas and Renoir. It also includes four outdoor gardens with Greco-Roman sculptures.
Media related to Museums in Memphis, Tennessee at Wikimedia Commons
Blues fans can visit Beale Street, where a young B.B. King used to play his guitar. In his later years he occasionally still appeared there at the club bearing his name, which he partially owned. Street performers play live music, and bars and clubs feature live entertainment aro
The Center for Southern Folklore highlights southern artists and musicians through public performances and exhibitions. The Center's archival collections contain thousands of photographs, recordings, and films. The Memphis Music and Heritage Festival, held each Labor Day weekend,
The Gibson Guitar Factory & Showcase is a guitar manufacturing plant where visitors can learn how the famous Gibsons are meticulously crafted, and listen to live showcases of local and world-renowned talent. Famous Gibson musicians include B. B. King, Les Paul, Chuck Berry, Carl
Media related to Parks in Memphis, Tennessee at Wikimedia Commons, Media related to Cemeteries in Memphis, Tennessee at Wikimedia Commons Major Memphis parks include W.C. Handy Park, Riverfront Park, Tom Lee Park, Audubon Park, Overton Park including the Old Forest Arboretum of Overton Park, the Lichterman Nature Center - a nature learning center a...
The Memphis area is home to many of West Tennessee's larger performing arts organizations, such as the Memphis Symphony Orchestra, which performs at the Cannon Center for the Performing Arts downtown. Ballet Memphis is the region's only professional ballet company and performs at the Orpheum Theatre. The Ford Foundation awarded Ballet Memphis one o...
Memphis ist die zweitgrößte Stadt im US-Bundesstaat Tennessee und County-Sitz des Shelby County. Die Stadt liegt im äußersten Südwesten Tennessees am Ostufer des Mississippi River und hat etwa 653.000 Einwohner (Stand: 2016). Die Stadt ist eine der Metropolen der klassischen Südstaaten.