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  1. The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2019. As the world's oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.

    • Medieval Period
    • The Impact of Reformation
    • 17th Century Setbacks and Recovery
    • 18th Century
    • 19th Century and Early 20th Centuries
    • World War I and Greater Romania
    • Communist Period
    • Post-1989

    The oldest traces of Catholic activities on present-day Romanian territory were recorded in Transylvania, in connection to the extension of Magyar rule and the region's integration into the Kingdom of Hungary (see History of Transylvania). Inaugurated by the early presence of Benedictines, these were strengthened by the colonization of Transylvania...

    Following the 1526 Battle of Mohács, during which the Ottomans conquered much of Hungary, leaving Transylvania under the rule of local Princes (see Ottoman Hungary), Roman Catholicism entered a period of regression, and was later confronted with the success of Reformation. The first community to embrace a Protestant creed were the Transylvanian Sax...

    Coinciding with the Habsburg offensives, religious conflicts were resumed and, in 1601 Bishop Demeter Napragy was forced out of Alba Iulia, with the see being confiscated by Protestants (although bishops continued to be appointed, they resided abroad).By 1690, Roman Catholics were a minority in Transylvania. In parallel, Hungary-proper was integrat...

    Under the rule of Emperor Charles VI, the Bishops of Alba Iulia were able to return to their restored domains, as the see was removed from Protestant rule (1713). The diocese was completely restored in 1771, under Empress Maria Theresia. The defunct provostship of Szeben was not revived, and its assets went instead to the main diocese. It was also ...

    In 1812, the Franciscan Bulgarian Roman Catholic Bishop of Chiprovtsi decided, as a result of an epidemic in the city, to move his seat to the village of Cioplea (presently part of Bucharest). The locality was a new center for the Bulgarian community in Wallachia, but opposition from the local Orthodox hierarchy allowed the move to be completed onl...

    During the final years of World War I and the stages leading up to Transylvania's union with Romania, Catholicism in Romania met with several diplomatic problems. Romania was defeated by the Central Powers and signed the Treaty of Bucharest, but its diplomats remained active in Allied countries, setting up the National Romanian Council in Paris. Th...

    Both Roman Catholicism and the Romanian Church United with Rome, Greek-Catholic entered a period of persecution and regression after 1948, when the Communist regime, which subscribed to the doctrine of Marxist–Leninist atheism, was established. Early signs of this were present after Soviet authorities, when the Concordat came to be regularly disreg...

    The situation normalized soon after the Romanian Revolution of 1989. Links with the Holy See were resumed in May 1990 (Romania was the fourth formerly Eastern Bloc country and first minority Catholic country to allow this, after the majority-Catholic Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia). All six dioceses were recognized by the Romanian state during ...

  2. During this time, much of the Mediterranean region was under Roman control. The Roman empire split into a Western and Byzantine empires in 395 CE. This political separation allowed Christianity to develop along separate lines, with different traditions and liturgy. The Western empire collapsed in 476 CE although the papacy continued in Rome.

  3. The Mexican Catholic Church, or Catholic Church in Mexico, is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope, his Curia in Rome and the national Mexican Episcopal Conference. Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion in Mexico, practiced by 82.7% of the population. The history of the Catholic Church in Mexico dates from the period of the Spanish conquest and it has continued as an institution in Mexico into the twenty-first century. In the late ...

  4. 03/07/2021 · The beliefs or religion of the Roman Catholic Church ... Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary

  5. Catholicism is the traditions and beliefs of Catholic Churches. It refers to their theology, liturgy, morals and spirituality. The term usually refers to churches, both western and eastern, that are in full communion with the Holy See. In 2012, there were more than 1.1 billion Catholics worldwide. This makes up more than 17% of the world population. The word "Catholicism" comes from the Greek word catholikismos. This means "according to the whole".