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  1. Elizabeth Stuart (19 August 1596 – 13 February 1662) was Electress of the Palatinate and briefly Queen of Bohemia as the wife of Frederick V of the Palatinate. Because her husband's reign in Bohemia lasted for just one winter, Elizabeth is often referred to as the "Winter Queen".

    • Childhood
    • The Gunpowder Plot
    • Marriage
    • Queen of Bohemia
    • Exile and Death
    • Children
    • Legacy

    Elizabeth was born at Falkland Palace in Fife, Scotland. Her father gave her the name Elizabeth to make Queen Elizabeth I of England happy. The Queen had no children. James wanted her to choose him to be King of England when she died. She later agreed and James VI became King James I of England (as well as Wales and Ireland) in 1603. Elizabeth Stua...

    At this time, there was strong fighting between Catholics and Protestants in England. King James was a devout Protestant, and many Catholics did not like him because he persecuted many papists by levying taxes against them, banning Mass, and even executing people for being heretics and witches if they didn’t denounce Catholicism. In 1605, a group d...

    On February 14 1613, Elizabeth married Frederick V. He was the Elector of the Palatinate. She moved to his court at Heidelberg. Frederick was the leader of an important group of Protestant princes, called the Evangelical Union. James wanted Elizabeth to marry someone from this group so he could have a stronger friendship with them.

    In 1619, Frederick was asked to become King of Bohemia. He and Elizabeth moved to Prague. There was also strong fighting between different religious groups there. After only a few months of being King, Frederick had to leave the country. Because she was queen for such a short time, Elizabeth is sometimes called ‘The Winter Queen’. She was also call...

    Elizabeth and Frederick lived in exile in The Hague. They could not return to Bohemia. Frederick died in 1632 and Elizabeth lived in Holland for most of the rest of her life. After her brother’s son, Charles, became King of England and Scotland, she went to London to see him. She died there in 1662, when she was 65 years old.

    She had thirteen children in total. Charles I Louis, became Elector of the Palatine in 1648. Her other children were: Frederick Henry von der Pfalz, Elisabeth of Bohemia, Princess Palatine, Prince Rupert of the Rhine, Louise Marie of the Palatinate, Prince Maurice von Simmern, Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern and Sophia of Hanover. After the 1701 ...

    The Elizabeth River in Southeastern Virginia was named in honour of the princess. Cape Elizabeth a peninsula and, today, a town in the U.S. state of Maine was also named for her. John Smithexplored and mapped New England. He gave names to places mainly based on the names used by Native Americans. When Smith showed his map to Charles I, he said that...

    • Primeros años de Vida
    • Conspiración
    • Matrimonio E Hijos
    • Reina Consorte de Bohemia
    • Últimos años de Vida
    • Legado
    • Bibliografía en Inglés

    Isabel nació en el palacio de Dunfermline en Escocia en 1596. Fue nombrada en honor a la reina Isabel I de Inglaterra y bautizada en la capilla real del palacio de Holyrood. Al nacer, su padre era el rey de Escocia y heredero al trono inglés. [2]​ Numerosos príncipes y reyes, entre los que se contaban el monarca español Felipe III, el sueco Gustavo...

    En 1603, Isabel I falleció y su padre la sucedió como rey de Inglaterra e Irlanda. Sin embargo, en la llamada Conspiración de la Pólvora de 1605, se planeó asesinar a su padre y secuestrarla para colocarla como monarca católica en el trono inglés y probablemente, en el de Escocia también, a pesar de que solo tenía nueve años. Para el momento en que...

    El 13 de febrero de 1613, Isabel se casó en la Capilla Real del Palacio de Whitehall, en Londres, con Federico V del Palatinado, Elector palatino y miembro de la prolífica casa de los Wittelsbach, y tomó su lugar en la corte de este en Heidelberg. Federico era hijo y heredero de Federico IV y de Luisa Juliana de Orange-Nassau, la hija de Guillermo ...

    El 26 de agosto de 1619, se le ofreció a Federico V la corona de Bohemia, quien, aunque dudoso, aceptó. Fue coronado el 2 de noviembre de ese mismo año; Isabel fue coronada reina consorte de Bohemia cinco días más tarde. El tercer hijo de la pareja real, el príncipe Ruperto, nació en Praga un mes después de la coronación. Hubo un gran regocijo popu...

    Isabel y Federico fueron obligados a exiliarse en La Haya. Federico murió en 1632, un par de meses después de participar en la invasión sueca de Baviera[9]​. Cuando Isabel recibió la noticia de la muerte de Federico, perdió el sentido debido al dolor y durante tres días no comió, bebió, ni durmió. Cuando Carlos se enteró del estado de Isabel, la in...

    Su muerte causó poca conmoción pública. Cuando su ataúd (en el que habían colocado sus restos el día anterior), salió de Somerset House, Ruperto fue el único de sus hijos que siguió la procesión fúnebre hasta la Abadía de Westminster. Allí, en la capilla de Enrique VII, aislada y sin un país que realmente pudiera llamar suyo, fue enterrada entre su...

    The Marriage of prince Fredericke, and the King’s daughter the Lady Elizabeth..., London: Thomas Creede, 1613.
    Allyne, Robert (1613), Tears of joy shed at the happy departure from Great Britaine, of... Frederick and Elizabeth..., London: Thomas Archer.
    Asch, Ronald G. (2004), «Elizabeth, princess (1596-1662)», Oxford dictionary of national biography (Oxford: OUP).
  2. She was actually queen of Bohemia for over a year. Regardless of the length of her husband's reign, she is known in historiography as queen of Bohemia. Anyway, Elizabeth Stuart, Electress Palatine would be much better than Elizabeth Stuart (1596–1662) too, though I am not sure if it would be better than Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia.

  3. Elizabeth Stuart, 2nd Countess of Moray (1565–1591), daughter of James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray and Agnes Keith. Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia (1596–1662), daughter of James VI/I of Scotland and England. Elizabeth Stuart (1610–1674), daughter of Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox.