Londres (en inglés, London, pronunciado /ˈlʌndən/ ( escuchar)) es la capital y mayor ciudad de Inglaterra y del Reino Unido. 4 5 Situada a orillas del río Támesis, Londres es un importante asentamiento humano desde que fue fundada por los romanos con el nombre de Londinium hace casi dos milenios. 6
London was the world's largest city from about 1831 to 1925, with a population density of 325 per hectare. London's overcrowded conditions led to cholera epidemics, claiming 14,000 lives in 1848, and 6,000 in 1866. Rising traffic congestion led to the creation of the world's first local urban rail network.
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Some recent discoveries indicate probable very early settlements near the Thames in the London area. In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the Thames's south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge. This bridge either crossed the Thames or went to a now lost island in the river. Dendrology dated the timbers to between 1750 BCE an...
Londinium was established as a civilian town by the Romans about four years after the invasion of AD 43. London, like Rome, was founded on the point of the river where it was narrow enough to bridge and the strategic location of the city provided easy access to much of Europe. Early Roman London occupied a relatively small area, roughly equivalent to the size of Hyde Park. In around AD 60, it was destroyed by the Iceni led by their queen Boudica. The city was quickly rebuilt as a planned Roma...
Until recently it was believed that Anglo-Saxon settlement initially avoided the area immediately around Londinium. However, the discovery in 2008 of an Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Covent Garden indicates that the incomers had begun to settle there at least as early as the 6th century and possibly in the 5th. The main focus of this settlement was outside the Roman walls, clustering a short distance to the west along what is now the Strand, between the Aldwych and Trafalgar Square. It was known as...
Norman and Medieval London
The new Norman regime established new fortresses within the city to dominate the native population. By far the most important of these was the Tower of London at the eastern end of the city, where the initial timber fortification was rapidly replaced by the construction of the first stone castle in England. The smaller forts of Baynard's Castle and Montfichet's Castle were also established along the waterfront. King William also granted a charter in 1067 confirming the city's existing rights,...
In 1475, the Hanseatic League set up its main English trading base (kontor) in London, called Stalhof or Steelyard. It existed until 1853, when the Hanseatic cities of Lübeck, Bremen and Hamburg sold the property to South Eastern Railway. Woollen cloth was shipped undyed and undressed from 14th/15th century London to the nearby shores of the Low Countries, where it was considered indispensable. During the Reformation, London was the principal early centre of Protestantism in England. Its clos...
London's expansion beyond the boundaries of the City was decisively established in the 17th century. In the opening years of that century the immediate environs of the City, with the principal exception of the aristocratic residences in the direction of Westminster, were still considered not conducive to health. Immediately to the north was Moorfields, which had recently been drained and laid out in walks, but it was frequented by beggars and travellers, who crossed it in order to get into Lo...
The 18th century was a period of rapid growth for London, reflecting an increasing national population, the early stirrings of the Industrial Revolution, and London's role at the centre of the evolving British Empire. In 1707, an Act of Union was passed merging the Scottish and the English Parliaments, thus establishing the Kingdom of Great Britain. A year later, in 1708 Christopher Wren's masterpiece, St Paul's Cathedral was completed on his birthday. However, the first service had been held...Ackroyd, Peter. London: A Biography (2009) (First chapter.)Ball, Michael, and David T. Sunderland. Economic history of London, 1800–1914(Routledge, 2002)Billings, Malcolm (1994), London: A Companion to Its History and Archaeology, ISBN 1-85626-153-0Bucholz, Robert O., and Joseph P. Ward. London: A Social and Cultural History, 1550–1750(Cambridge University Press; 2012) 526 pages
La City de Londres (en inglés, City of London y, más informalmente, the City o Square Mile debido a que su superficie es de alrededor de 1 milla cuadrada o 2,6 kilómetros cuadrados) es una pequeña área en el Gran Londres.
London, capital of the United Kingdom and England, called Londres in French, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Galician, and Filipino Londres, Catamarca, Argentina, formally "San Juan de la Ribera de Londres" or "Londres de la Nueva Inglaterra"
Londres ( /lɔ̃dʁ/ Écouter ; en anglais : London, /ˈl ʌ ndən/ Écouter) est la capitale et plus grande ville d' Angleterre et du Royaume-Uni,. La ville est située près de l' estuaire de la Tamise dans le sud-est de l'Angleterre.