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  1. › wiki › DiwaliDiwali - Wikipedia

    19/06/2022 · Diwali is usually celebrated twenty days after the Vijayadashami (Dussehra, Dasara, Dasain) festival, with Dhanteras, or the regional equivalent, marking the first day of the festival when celebrants prepare by cleaning their homes and making decorations on the floor, such as rangolis. [17] The second day is Naraka Chaturdashi.

    • Name
    • History
    • Beliefs and Practices
    • Organization
    • Notable Temples
    • Membership Statistics
    • Controversies and Criticism
    • Religious Intolerance
    • Notes
    • Further Reading

    The full name of the Church is Iglesia del Dios Vivo, Columna y Apoyo de la Verdad, La Luz del Mundo ("Church of the Living God, Pillar and Ground of The Truth, The Light of the World") which is derived from two passages in the Bible, Matthew 5:14 and 1 Timothy 3:15.

    Historical background

    Eusebio Joaquín González was born on August 14, 1896, in Colotlán, Jalisco, Mexico. At a young age, he joined the Constitutional Army during the Mexican Revolution. While he was on leave in 1920, he met Elisa Flores, whom he later married. While stationed in the state of Coahuila in 1926, he came into contact with Saulo and Silas, two ascetic preachers from the Iglesia Cristiana Espiritual. Their teachings forbade their followers to keep good hygiene and wear regular clothes. After being bapt...

    Early years

    Working as a shoe vendor, Aarón Joaquín formed a group of ten worshipers who met at his wife's apartment. He began constructing the Church's hierarchy by instituting the first two deaconesses, Elisa Flores and Francisca Cuevas. Later he charged the first minister to oversee fourteen congregations in Ameca, Jalisco. During these early years (late 1920s), Aarón Joaquín traveled to the states of Michoacán, Nayarit, and Sinaloa to preach. In 1931, the first Santa Cena (Holy Supper) was held to co...

    Schism of 1942

    In 1942, during its most significant schism, at least 250 members left La Luz del Mundo. Tensions began to build after Aarón Joaquín's birthday, when the congregation gave him gifts of flowers and sang hymns celebrating his birthday. This celebration generated a heated debate that culminated with the defection of several church members, including some pastors. Anthropologist Renée de la Torre described this schism as a power struggle in which Aarón Joaquín was accused of having enriched himse...


    During La Luz del Mundo's religious services, male and female members are separated during worship; from the preacher's perspective, women sit on the left side of the temple and men on the right The Church does not use musical instruments during its worship services. There is no dancing or clapping, and women cover their heads with a veil during services. Hymns are sung a cappella. Despite this, members listen to instrumental music and some compose their own music. When singing, all congregan...


    Members of La Luz del Mundo believe that the Bible is the only source of Christian doctrine. It is used as the main source of ministers' and lay persons' talks during prayer meetings. Through organizational arrangements, such as Sunday school, church authorities attempt to maintain uniformity of teachings and beliefs throughout all congregations. The Bible is the only historical reference used by church members during religious services. Members can find cited Bible verses quickly, regardless...


    La Luz del Mundo teaches that there was no salvation on Earth between the death of the last Apostle (Apostle John) around 96 AD and the calling of Aarón Joaquín in 1926. Members believe that the Church itself was founded by Jesus Christ approximately two thousand years ago and that after the deaths of the Apostles, the church became corrupt and was lost. La Luz del Mundo claims that through Aarón Joaquín, it is the restoration of the primitive Christian church that was lost during the formati...

    Ecclesiastical organization

    The organization of La Luz del Mundo is hierarchical. At the top is Naasón Joaquín who serves as both the spiritual and administrative leader of the Church. Below him in rank are the pastors, who are expected to develop one or more of the qualities as doctor, prophet, and evangelist. All pastors are evangelists and are expected to undertake missionary tasks. As doctors, pastors explain the word of God and as prophets they interpret it. Below them are the deacons, who administer the sacraments...

    Territorial organization

    A church, or group, that is unable to fully provide for the religious needs of its members is called a mission. Missions are dependent on a congregation which is administered by a minister. A group of several congregations with their missions form a district. The Church in each nation is divided into multiple districts. In Mexico, several districts form together into five jurisdictions that act as legal entities.

    La Luz del Mundo uses the architecture of its temples to express its faith through symbolism and to attract potential converts. Among the church's buildings are a replica of a Mayan pyramid in Honduras, a mock Taj Mahal in Chiapas, and a Greco-Roman-inspired temple in Texas. Its flagship temple is located in its headquarters in Hermosa Provincia. T...

    There are no definitive statistics for the total membership of La Luz del Mundo.The church reported having over five million members worldwide in 2000, with 1.5 million of those in Mexico. The 2000 Mexican census reported about 70,000 members five years or older nationwide, the 2010 census reported 188,326 members of any age, and the 2020 census re...

    La Luz del Mundo has been the subject of several controversies. Church leaders have been accused of creating a cult of personality, sexually abusing members, and have been criticized for amassing wealth, living a lavish lifestyle, and attempting to build entire cities. In addition, the church director and self-proclaimed “Apostle of God” Naason Joa...

    Opposition to new temple in California

    In 1995, La Luz del Mundo acquired a vacant nursery building in a commercial zone in Ontario, California. The Church planned to use it for religious activities and was assured that it could as long as building requirements were met. The city then passed a law requiring all new religious organizations to obtain a conditional use permit to operate a church in the commercial zone. In 1998, La Luz del Mundo petitioned for such a permit, but residents objected to the plans. María de Lourdes Argüel...

    Denominational discrimination

    According to Fortuny, La Luz del Mundo members, along with members of other Protestant denominations, are treated as "second class citizens". She says the church is called a "sect" in an offensive manner in Mexico. Rodolfo Morán Quiroz, a sociologist, said that the discrimination started by the Catholic Church, which in the past caused La Luz del Mundo to establish its community in Hermosa Provincia, continues in Mexico.Church founder Aarón Joaquín was reportedly beaten by Cristeros and jaile...


    1. Ávila Meléndez, Luis Arturo (2008). "Entre las cosas de Dios y las preocupaciones terrenales: el camino contradictorio hacia la santidad en la "Iglesia de la Luz del Mundo"" (PDF). In Zalpa, Hans Egil; Offerdal, Genaro (eds.). ¿El reino de Dios es en este mundo? El papel ambiguo de las religiones en la lucha contra la pobreza (in Spanish). Bogotá, Colombia: CLACSO-Siglo del Hombre. ISBN 978-958-665-126-4. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 2. Biglieri, Paula (2000). "Ciudadanos de La Luz. Una mir...

    Note: Most of De la Torre's work listed below was incorporated into her book Los hijos de La Luz. 1. De la Peña, Guillermo; De la Torre, Renée (1990). "Religión y política en los barrios populares de Guadalajara". Estudios Sociológicos (in Spanish). El Colegio de México. 8 (24): 571–602. JSTOR 40420093. OCLC 85446277. 2. De la Torre, Renée; Fortuny...

  2. 15/06/2022 · La undécima temporada del reality show de talentos estadounidense The Voice se estrenó el 19 de septiembre de 2016 en NBC . 1 Un episodio de vista previa de 30 minutos transmitido después de la transmisión de NBC de la Ceremonia de clausura de los Juegos Olímpicos de Verano de 2016 el 21 de agosto de 2016. 2 Adam Levine y Blake Shelton ...

    • Acontecimientos
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    • Celebraciones
    • Véase también
    1098: en Palestina, los cruzados de la Primera Cruzada son derrotados por Kerbogha de Mosul.
    1243: en Roma, Sinibaldo Fieschi es elegido papay asume con el nombre de Inocencio IV.
    1360: en Granada (España), Muhammed VI se convierte en el décimo rey nazarí de Granada después de asesinar a su cuñado Ismaíl II.
    1412: en España se hace público que el infante castellano Fernando de Trastámara es nombrado rey de Aragón, adoptando el nombre de Fernando I (Compromiso de Caspe).
    1170: Valdemar II de Dinamarca, rey danés (f. 1241).
    1243: Go-Fukakusa, emperador japonés (f. 1304).
    1476: Paulo IV, papa italiano entre 1555 y 1559 (f. 1559).
    1490: Alberto de Brandeburgo, arzobispo alemán (f. 1545).

    202: Yuan Shao, señor de la guerra durante la guerra civil hacia el final de la Dinastía Han(n. 154).

    Vidovdan, celebrando a San Vito y un día importante en la historia serbia. (Iglesia ortodoxa).
    Día Internacional del Orgullo LGBT.[4]​
    Polonia: Día de Recuerdo de Poznań.
  3. 07/06/2022 · Tabita, también llamada Dorcas – Una discípula conocida por hacer el bien. Lucas, el escritor de Los Hechos, cuenta la historia de Tabita , una discípula de Joppe resucitada después de la oración del apóstol Pedro. Después de lavarla y colocarla en un aposento alto, Pedro la toma de la mano y le ordena que se levante (Hechos 9:36-42).

  4. › wiki › December_12December 12 - Wikipedia

    11/06/2022 · 1985 – Arrow Air Flight 1285, a McDonnell Douglas DC-8, crashes after takeoff in Gander, Newfoundland, killing all 256 people on board, including 236 members of the United States Army's 101st Airborne Division.