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  1. ja.wikipedia.org › wiki › 戦争戦争 - Wikipedia

    18/06/2022 · 戦争 (せんそう、英:war)とは、 兵力 による 国家 間の闘争である [1] 。 戦争に対を為すのは 国際紛争の平和的解決 である [2] 。 広義には 内戦 や 反乱 も含む( 戦争一覧 )。 人類が、集団を形成するようになる有史以来、繰り返されてきたものである。 銀行 などが引受けた巨額の戦費は慢性的な 租税 負担となる。 市民 生活に対する制限と攻撃は 個人の尊厳 を蹂躙する。 時代ごとの考え方によって 違法性 が認定されてきた [3] 。 21世紀 に入り、地球規模で敷設されたITインフラを通して膨大な情報が世界中で流通するようになると、物理的な攻撃を伴わない国家間の争いが増加した。

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › LiteratureLiterature - Wikipedia

    • Definitions
    • History
    • Aesthetics
    • The Influence of Religious Texts
    • Types of Literature
    • Awards
    • External Links

    Definitions of literature have varied over time. In Western Europe, prior to the 18th century, literature denoted all books and writing literature can be seen as returning to older, more inclusive notions, so that cultural studies, for instance, include, in addition to canonical works, popular and minority genres. The word is also used in reference...

    Oral literature

    The use of the term "literature" here is a little problematic because of its origins in the Latin littera, “letter,” essentially writing. Alternatives such as "oral forms" and "oral genres" have been suggested but the word literature is widely used. Oral literature is an ancient human tradition found in "all corners of the world".Modern archaeology has been unveiling evidence of the human efforts to preserve and transmit arts and knowledge that depended completely or partially on an oral trad...

    Writing

    Around the 4th millennium BC, the complexity of trade and administration in Mesopotamia outgrew human memory, and writing became a more dependable method of recording and presenting transactions in a permanent form. Though in both ancient Egypt and Mesoamerica, writing may have already emerged because of the need to record historical and environmental events. Subsequent innovations included more uniform, predictable, legal systems, sacred texts, and the origins of modern practices of scientif...

    Early written literature

    Ancient Egyptian literature, along with Sumerian literature, are considered the world's oldest literatures. The primary genres of the literature of ancient Egypt—didactic texts, hymns and prayers, and tales—were written almost entirely in verse; By the Old Kingdom (26th century BC to 22nd century BC), literary works included funerary texts, epistles and letters, hymns and poems, and commemorative autobiographical texts recounting the careers of prominent administrative officials. It was not u...

    Literary theory

    A fundamental question of literary theoryis "what is literature?" – although many contemporary theorists and literary scholars believe either that "literature" cannot be defined or that it can refer to any use of language.

    Literary fiction

    Literary fiction is a term used to describe fiction that explores any facet of the human condition, and may involve social commentary. It is often regarded as having more artistic merit than genre fiction, especially the most commercially oriented types, but this has been contested in recent years, with the serious study of genre fiction within universities. The following, by the award-winning British author William Boydon the short story, might be applied to all prose fiction: The very best...

    The value of imaginative literature

    Some researchers suggest that literary fiction can play a role in an individual's psychological development. Psychologists have also been using literature as a therapeutic tool. Psychologist Hogan argues for the value of the time and emotion that a person devotes to understanding a character's situation in literature; that it can unite a large community by provoking universal emotions, as well as allowing readers access to different cultures, and new emotional experiences.One study, for examp...

    Religion has had a major influence on literature, through works like the Vedas, the Torah, the Bible,and the Qur'an. The King James Version of the Bible has been called "the most influential version of the most influential book in the world, in what is now its most influential language", "the most important book in English religion and culture", an...

    Poetry

    Poetry has traditionally been distinguished from prose by its greater use of the aesthetic qualities of language, including musical devices such as assonance, alliteration, rhyme, and rhythm, and by being set in lines and verses rather than paragraphs, and more recently its use of other typographical elements. This distinction is complicated by various hybrid forms such as sound poetry, concrete poetry and prose poem, and more generally by the fact that prose possesses rhythm.Abram Lipsky ref...

    Prose

    As noted above, prose generally makes far less use of the aesthetic qualities of language than poetry. However, developments in modern literature, including free verse and prose poetry have tended to blur the differences, and American poet T.S. Eliot suggested that while: "the distinction between verse and prose is clear, the distinction between poetry and prose is obscure". There are verse novels, a type of narrative poetry in which a novel-length narrative is told through the medium of poet...

    Drama

    Drama is literature intended for performance. The form is combined with music and dance in opera and musical theatre (see libretto). A play is a written dramatic work by a playwright that is intended for performance in a theatre; it comprises chiefly dialogue between characters. A closet drama, by contrast, is written to be read rather than to be performed; the meaning of which can be realized fully on the page.Nearly all drama took verse form until comparatively recently. The earliest form o...

    There are numerous awards recognizing achievement and contribution in literature. Given the diversity of the field, awards are typically limited in scope, usually on: form, genre, language, nationality and output (e.g. for first-time writers or debut novels). The Nobel Prize in Literature was one of the six Nobel Prizes established by the will of A...

  3. 29/06/2022 · Jump navigation Jump search .mw parser output .hatnote font style italic .mw parser output div.hatnote padding left 1.6em margin bottom 0.5em .mw parser output .hatnote font style normal .mw parser output .hatnote link .hatnote margin top...

  4. Hace 1 día · Die Liste von Bildhauern führt möglichst umfassend Bildhauer jeden Geschlechts aller Epochen auf. Die Liste ist alphabetisch nach Nachnamen geordnet. Die Einträge enthalten neben dem Namen auch Informationen über Geburtsjahr, Sterbejahr und Herkunft.

    • Leben
    • Familie
    • Werke
    • Literatur
    • Weblinks

    Fabricius war ein Sohn des Goldschmiedes Georg Goldschmied († 1534) und dessen Frau Margaretha. Er stammte aus einer vermögenden Familie und besuchte zunächst die Thomasschule zu Leipzig, danach die Lateinschule in Chemnitz. 1534 wurde er Schüler des Johannes Rivius in Annaberg. Er freundete sich mit Adam Siber an und war ein Mitschüler von Hiob Ma...

    Aus seiner 1557 geschlossenen Ehe mit Magdalena († 14. April 1572), der Tochter des Schulverwalters Johann Faust, gingen sieben Söhne und drei Töchter hervor. 1. Georg besuchte 1578 die Fürstenschule 2. Jacob (* 12. Juni 1560) studierte in Straßburg, wo er 1587 den Magistergrad erwarb und als Rektor in Pegau ein Einkommen fand. 3. Heinrich hatte 15...

    Ausgaben von Terenz (1548) und Vergil(1551)
    De historia & meditatione mortis Christi, quae in noctis dieiq[ue] tempus distributa est, Hymni XXIIII.Valentin Papa, Leipzig 1552.
    Poëmatum sacrorum libri xxv.1560.
    Poëtarum veterum ecclesiasticorum opera Christiana.1562.
    Fabricius’ Biographie wurde 1839 von D. C. W. Baumgarten-Crusius veröffentlicht, der 1845 auch eine Ausgabe seiner Epistolae ad W Meurerum et alios aequales mit einer kurzen Skizze De Vita Ge. Fabr...
    Johann August Müller: Versuch einer vollständigen Geschichte der Chursächsischen Fürsten- und Landesschule zu Meissen, aus Urkunden und glaubwürdigen Nachrichten. Siegfried Lebrecht Crusius, Leipzi...
    Fabricius, Georgius. In: Johann Heinrich Zedler: Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon Aller Wissenschafften und Künste.Band 9, Leipzig 1735, Sp. 38 f.
    Fabricius (Georg.), ein berühmter Poet und Criticus. In: Christian Gottlieb Jöcher (Hrsg.): Compendiöses Gelehrten-Lexicon … 3. Auflage. Band1: A–L. Johann Friedrich Gleditsch, Leipzig 1733, Sp.104...
    Literatur von und über Georg Fabricius im Katalog der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek
    Werke von und über Georg Fabricius in der Deutschen Digitalen Bibliothek
  5. Hace 1 día · März – Wikipedia. 28. März. Der 28. März ist der 87. Tag des gregorianischen Kalenders (der 88. in Schaltjahren ), somit verbleiben 278 Tage bis zum Jahresende. Historische Jahrestage. Februar · März · April. 1.

  6. Hace 1 día · Simon Reichwein von Montabaur (Rychwyn, Rychuinus, Riquinus) oder Dythemius (Ditemius) (* um 1501 in Montabaur; † 1559 in Trier) war ein deutscher Humanist, Arzt und Gelehrter. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Herkunft 1.2 Studium und Tätigkeit als Präzeptor 1.3 Diest und Löwen 1.4 Leibarzt am Düsseldorfer Hof